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I-Dont-care-itis The most common health problem in America.

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Presentation on theme: "I-Dont-care-itis The most common health problem in America."— Presentation transcript:

1 I-Dont-care-itis The most common health problem in America

2 I-dont-care-itis: a common condition in which an individual has no interest in adopting a healthy lifestyle.

3 Symptoms Include: l You believe that the food and lifestyle traditions of your family and culture are okay because thats the way its always been? l You feel threatened when someone suggests that you could be healthier if you changed the way you eat? l You feel discouraged because you tried to make changes before, but you failed? l You think that you already have a healthy lifestyle and dont need to change anything? l You feel it is worth it to maintain your current food and exercise habits even though they may shorten your life by more than ten years? l You believe that there is nothing wrong with your current lifestyle so why fix it if it aint broke?

4 Do you have any of these symptoms? Most Americans do 83% dont have a good diet 65% are over weight or obese 67% dont get enough exercise to get the health benefits

5 Our efforts to prevent disease should be like ants in the story of the grasshopper and the ant. The ant prevented hunger and cold by preparing early, even though he were neither hunger or cold at the time!

6 Lets Make This Personal

7 You mother father grandfather grandmother grandfather great-grandfather great-grandmother great-grandfather great-grandmother great-grandfather great-grandmother great-grandfather great-grandmother

8 How People Died in 2004 Cardiovascular Disease 37% Accidents Suicide Infections Kidney failure Lung failure Others… 40% Cancer 23 %

9 How People Died in 2004 Up to 70% of all causes of death are lifestyle related and preventable CVD Cancer Other The Culprit and The Cure, 2005

10 Percent of Chronic Diseases That Are Causes by an Unhealthy Lifestyle Sources: Stampfer, 2000; Platz, 2000; Hu, 2001 71%70% 82% 91%

11 Artery with Early Blockage


13 If this same figure were drawn using rural native Asians or Europeans who still consume a Mediterranean-type diet, the clean arteries at the age of 10 would also be typical of arteries in later decades of life.


15 Korean Autopsy Study l 2000 autopsies on American soldiers l Lesions and heart disease found in 77% l Korean soldiers had none

16 l Lesions found in 78% of dead teenager males and females l Of these occluded vessels, >30% were more than half blocked

17 l In 1993, an autopsy study of 111 young males, 78% were found to have heart disease l Of these 30% had vessels that were more than half closed.

18 Immigration Studies l Japanese who lived in Japan had no heart disease l Japanese who had migrated to Hawaii had disease l Japanese who migrated to America had twice the heart disease as Japanese Hawaiians

19 Western Lifestyle Causes Poor Health in All Migrants l African-Americans l Mexican-Americans l Latin Americans l Pacific Islanders l and many other ethnic groups who migrate to America

20 The Bogalusa Study: In 1972, all the black and white children of the town of Bogalusa, Louisiana, were studied for 30-40 years to determine what caused cardiovascular disease. Can you guess what they found?

21 l Heart disease starts in children and is evident at 5-8 years of age l Poor diet and sedentary living lead to healthy risks which lead to disease l Lifestyles and behaviors are learned early in life l Chronic disease prevention in adults should begin in childhood

22 l Lesions also found in children and unborn fetuses

23 What about lifestyle choices and cancer?

24 Cancer is: l Uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells l Death occurs when vital passages are blocked, preventing oxygen and nutrients from being delivered l Any one of 100 types of tumors

25 Normal cell Abnormal cell Spontaneous or inherited mutation Activated carcinogen Inactive carcinogen Detoxified carcinogen Cell proliferation Tumor Metastasis Repair The Cancer Process

26 One out of every three American adults will get cancer, and 23% of all Americans will die of it.

27 The Battle Rages Inside Us Free radicals VS Antioxidants/phytochemicals

28 Free Radicals l Any atom with a single electron in its outmost bonding orbital l Oxygen has a high affinity for electrons, when it loses one oxygen it becomes an aggressive free radical

29 An Oxygen Atom Missing an Electron

30 l Free radicals are unstable and begin to look for another atom from which it can obtain another electron Chain-reaction can cause 1,000s of atoms or molecules to be changed which can: »Disrupt or destroy cells »Damage DNA, lipid membranes, mitochondria, and proteins »Disrupt vital functions

31 Free radicals can… l Attach to other molecules and form bonds l Give up their extra electron to another molecule l Take electrons from another molecule

32 Where do free radicals come from? l Most are produced by our own bodies l UV light l Burned food l Toxic chemicals l Industrial l Automobile pollution l Unknown sources

33 Cigarette Smoke l One of the largest sources of free radicals l One puff of smoke contains: 100,000,000,000,000,000 free radical species Tobacco is responsible for 31% of all cancers

34 So what do we do to protect ourselves?

35 Antioxidants (free radical scavengers) l Able to donate electrons or hydrogen ions without having to replace it l Vitamins C and E l Phytochemicals (health promoting plant chemicals) »React with radical species »Dont become radicals themselves

36 Some Common Phytochemicals l Carotenoids l Beta-carotene l Lycopene l Lutein l Zeaxanthin l Organosulfurs l Flavinoids l Phytosterols l Alkaloids l Tannins l Saponins l There are over 100,000 different phytochemicals, we know of 5,000

37 Normal cell Abnormal cell Spontaneous or inherited mutation Activated carcinogen Inactive carcinogen Detoxified carcinogen Cell proliferation Tumor Metastasis Repair The Cancer Process

38 l Where do fruits, vegetables, and whole grains with lots of phytochemicals and antioxidants affect cancer prevention?

39 Normal cell Abnormal cell Spontaneous or inherited mutation Activated carcinogen Inactive carcinogen Detoxified carcinogen Cell proliferation Tumor Metastasis Repair

40 l A healthy diet and regular physical activity can stop cancer at dozens of different places along the cancer process

41 Lung cancer and vegetable intake (each line is the results of a different study, the yellow line is the average) Vegetable intake grams/day Relative risk

42 Stomach cancer and vegetable intake Vegetable intake grams/day Relative risk

43 Stomach cancer and fruit intake Fruit intake grams/day Relative risk

44 Fix-me-up, Doc l There are many different treatments for cardiovascular disease. Most of them dont address the underlying problem- an unhealthy lifestyle



47 Stent insertion

48 l After 5-7 years, 30-50% of vessels used to bypass blocked arteries are now blocked. l After 4-6 months, 30-50% of ballooned arteries re close. l 20-30% of arteries propped open by stents reclose.

49 l Despite the fantastic technology used in treating cardiovascular disease, the fix- me-up, Doc attitude is short sighted. l The problem, (heart disease) may have been temporarily addressed, but the cause (an unhealthy lifestyle) remains and will continue to cause vessel disease unless it is changed.

50 l If good nutrition and regular physical activity are so important, how come my doctor has never asked me about my lifestyle habits? Physicians do care about your health.

51 l The medical community is almost exclusively designed to treat, not prevent, chronic diseases.

52 l In a national survey of 13,000 obese adults who had recently had a routine medical exam, only 42% of them were counseled by their physicians to lose weight. l Only 35% of adults report that their physician mentioned regular exercise as an important part of good health

53 l Health care in the United States is really disease care; we seek medical attention when we have diseases or problems. Change is happening. In the future, modern health care will be like the dental industry: prevent first, then treat when necessary.

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