Presentation on theme: "Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program Mainstreaming Indigenous Knowledge and learning from local communities Siddhartha Prakash Africa Region The."— Presentation transcript:
Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program Mainstreaming Indigenous Knowledge and learning from local communities Siddhartha Prakash Africa Region The World Bank
Purpose of Presentation zIntroduce NORAD to the IK Program. zExplore opportunities for co-operation.
How can IK make a difference…? zThe Sodic Lands Reclamation Project in India raised agricultural productivity and incomes by 60%, using IK zThe project relied on local farming knowledge to reduce the incidence of the brown plant hopper pest which destroyed over 50% of crops each year zHarnessing ancient knowledge, the farmers applied neem properties, rice husk and organic manure to reduce the spread of pests down to 2% per annum zFarmers and women self help groups joint forces to set up a farmers school to deliver agricultural extension services to over 7,200 households in 65 villages
The Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program zThe Indigenous Knowledge Program started in 1998 as a World Bank-led partnership with more than a dozen bilateral, multilateral and non- governmental organizations responding to client demands. zThe program's main objective is to integrate indigenous knowledge in the development process and to contribute to for example, better healthcare, increased food security and higher incomes.
The program's main activities include: Identification and dissemination of IK cases Identification and dissemination of IK cases Building local capacity to facilitate IK exchange Building local capacity to facilitate IK exchange Integrating IK into development projects Integrating IK into development projects Building partnerships Building partnerships
Identification and dissemination of IK zBuilt database and identified/ synthesized over 200 IK cases zLaunched "IK Notes”, published 34 issues (English, French, Wolof and Swahili) reaching 20,000 subscribers, (print /web) Published report: "IK for Development: a Framework for Action" zIncorporated IK into the Global Development Gateway zDeveloped more than a dozen "Knowledge Packs" (e.g. Burkina Faso, Kenya, South Africa, Agriculture, Education, HIV/AIDS and Rural Infrastructure) zResponded to approximately 600 inquiries for information
Building local capacity to facilitate IK exchange zSupported 4 IK centers to research and document IK zProvided 4 IK centers with improved connectivity zFacilitated regional IK networking between East-West Africa zCo-sponsored a pilot community exchange among tea farmers in South Africa – led to $15,000 export contract for one community that learned about marketing zCommunity exchanges under way in Kenya and Tanzania related to HIV/AIDS and natural resource management
Integrating IK into development projects Supported Uganda in the formulation of a national IK strategy zAdvising Ugandan National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) on utilization of IK in World Bank-supported Agricultural Research and Training Project zAdvising task teams on integrating IK Systems in the design of World Bank-supported projects (e.g Lake Malawi/ N.Uganda Social Action Fund) zPublished guidelines for integrating IK in project planning and implementation in partnership with ILO, CIDA, and KIVU
Building partnerships zCollaboration with more than a dozen partner organizations zSponsored joint IK strategy workshop with FAO Links Project in Tanzania zPartnered with WIPO to address intellectual property rights zCollaboration with several African members of global IK Network, mostly NGOs (e.g. Tanga AIDS Working Group)
Possible areas of co-operation Support community exchanges to replicate local practices that improve health care, increase food security and incomes Co-sponsor national IK workshops for stakeholders to develop IK strategies and action plans Provide assistance to integrate IK in projects Building capacity of local NGOs and CBOs
Support community exchanges zIn Tanzania, the Tanga AIDS Working Group (TAWG) has treated over 2,000 AIDS patients with herbs prescribed by traditional healers. zThe impact of TAWG has been most significant in alleviating some opportunistic infections caused by the HIV/AIDS: patients have lived longer by up to five years. TAWG has conducted community exchanges between its healers, home care staff and people living with AIDS and similar communities in other parts of the country
Support the integration of IK on national level zA national stakeholder workshop in partnership with the FAO - Links Project in Tanzania explores benefit sharing issues zAn institutional development grant supports integration of IK into agricultural research and health within Uganda’s Poverty Eradication Action Plan Health related Economic and Sector Work helps to incorporate herbal medicine issues in Bank - supported projects in Ghana and Ethiopia
Provide assistance to integrate IK in projects to: zResearch specific IK issues (legal, economic, technical) zValidate IK practices zDisseminate relevant IK practices (e.g. Mozambique) zArrange collaboration agreements between traditional bearers of knowledge, NGOs, research, private sector (e.g. recent IK seminar)
Building capacity of local NGOs and CBOs zCommunity - based documentation and utilization of IK zLocal validation of IK zDissemination in local languages, electronic and print zDeveloping methodologies for mainstreaming IK