Presentation on theme: "Multi-Focal Area Projects: BD, LD, and IW"— Presentation transcript:
1 Multi-Focal Area Projects: BD, LD, and IW Mark ZimskyGEF Biodiversity CoordinatorSenior Biodiversity SpecialistRegional Program Manager, Latin America and the CaribbeanGEF Familiarization SeminarWashington, DCJanuary 17 – 19, 2012
2 Outline Three focal areas-three results frameworks Best practice examples
3 GEF-5 Biodiversity Strategy Objectives improve the sustainability of protected area systemsmainstream biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into production landscapes/ seascapes and sectorsbuild capacity to implement the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafetybuild capacity on access to genetic resources and benefit-sharingintegrate CBD obligations into national planning processes through enabling activities
4 GEF-5 IW Strategy Objectives Catalyze multi-state cooperation to balance conflicting water uses in transboundary surface and groundwater basins while considering climatic variability and changeCatalyze multi-state cooperation to rebuild marine fisheries and reduce pollution of coasts and Large Marine Ecosystems while considering climatic variability and changeSupport foundational capacity building, portfolio learning, and targeted research needs for joint, ecosystem-based management of trans-boundary water systemsPromote effective management of Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ)Climatic variability and change explicitly included for freshwater basins and LMEs and their coastsAquifers/groundwater explicitly included for true integrated water resources management (100 x water)ICM Critical in all marine projects for climatic variability
5 GEF-5 Land Degradation Objectives Maintain or improve flows of agro-ecosystem services to sustain livelihoods of local communities.Generated sustainable flows of forest ecosystem services in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid zones, including sustaining livelihoods of forest-dependent peopleReduce pressures on natural resources from competing land uses in the wider landscapeIncrease capacity to apply adaptive management tools in SLM
6 Good practice examples Tanzania, Marine and Coastal Environment Management Project (MACEMP), BD-IWSouth West Indian Fisheries Commission Project, BD-IWChina,Mainstreaming Biodiversity Protection within the Production Landscapes and Protected Areas of the Lake Aibi Basin, BD-LDTanzania: BD funding community coastal work and MPAs while IW funds the 200 mile EEZ law operationalization and includes baseline IDA funds upon which GEF can add increments..South West Indian Fisheries Commission and ProjectKenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros, Madagascar, South AfricaBD resources finance a component addressing the impacts on non-consumptive/endangered resources (marine turtle, large mammals, seabirds), while other components address commercial species. The biodiversity dimension of the project is strong with by-catch minimization and by-catch use, fishing impacts on non-associated species such as sea birds and marine mammals, and over-exploitation of some sensitive species of fish (fishing pressure on some sharks, tuna and bill-fish species, and slow-growing demersal fish, and by-catch impacts on turtles, marine mammals and seabirds has long been of concern at the national and regional levels). At the beginning of the project, the SWIOFP was probably the first opportunity for all the SWIO countries to have a chance to address these biodiversity issues in concert.ChinaThe project development objective is to strengthen integrated planning and implementationof natural resource management and mainstreaming of biodiversity values in Lake Aibi Basin.12. The project will strengthen sustainable management of watersheds to ensure a betterbalance between available supply and consumption and increase environmental flows to LakeAibi while strengthening management of Lake Aibi National Wetland Reserve. Ultimately theproject will contribute to reduction of wind erosion from the dry bed of Lake Aibi that suspendssmall-sized salt dust particles in the upper atmosphere and to protect aquatic and saline-steppeenvironment of Lake Aibi – the largest terminal salt lake in the region. The project will also strengthen managementof Lake Aibi National Wetland Reserve, in particular conserving aquatic and terrestrial habitats,stopping grazing by domestic animals and facilitating natural regeneration of native plant species(Component 3), and ultimately to reduction of wind erosion from the dry bed of Lake Aibi andconserve globally significant biodiversity and their supporting ecosystems.Component 1: Water Resources Assessment and Optimized Allocation.2. SLM practices3.Biodiversity Conservation and Local Livelihoods Enhancement. Theobjectives of Component 3 are to: (i) protect habitat and species of Lake Aibi NWR; (ii) Monitorand research key species to allow for adaptive and well informed management; and (iii) supportnature reserve management, through staff capacity building and participatory development of amanagement plan, and build a local and regional constituency of support for the reserve.Lake Aibi has globally-significantbiodiversity (primarily migratory water birds, including nine IUCN Redlisted species; andglobally threatened terrestrial species such as the Goitered Gazelle, listed as Vulnerable on IUCNRedlist).