Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Introduction to General Linguistics

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Introduction to General Linguistics"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to General Linguistics
Deny A. Kwary

2 The Textbooks Contemporary Linguistics
By. O’Grady, Dobrovolsky, and Katamba Introduction to Language By. Fromkin, Rodman, and Hyams

3 The Course Materials Open: Click: Linguistics
Click: General Linguistics Download the lecture materials

4 The Evaluation 40% Midterm Test 10% Assignment 50% Final Test

5 What is Language? Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.

6 The Creativity Aspect of Language
Human language must be creative: allowing novelty and innovation is response to new thoughts, experiences, and situations

7 Linguistic Knowledge Knowledge of the Sound System: Knowing what sounds are in that language and what sounds are not. Knowledge of Words: Knowing the sound units that are related to specific meanings. Knowledge of Sentences: Knowing how to form sentences.

8 Linguistic Competence:
What you know about a language. Linguistic Performance: How you use this knowledge in actual speech production and comprehension.

9 Prescriptive Grammar 1762; Bishop Robert Lowth; A Short Introduction to English Grammar with Critical Notes. I don’t have none  You was wrong  Mathilda is fatter than me  I don’t have any You were wrong Mathilda is fatter than I Many of those rules were based on Latin grammar. Latin was assumed as the respected scientific language in the 15th – 17th Centuries.

10 Descriptive Grammar 1985; Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik; A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Based on a corpus of actual spoken and written English.

11 The Components of a Grammar
Phonetics: the articulation and perception of speech sounds. Phonology: the patterning of speech sounds Morphology: word formation Syntax: sentence formation Semantics: the interpretation of words and sentences

12 That’s all for today See you next week…

Download ppt "Introduction to General Linguistics"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google