Presentation on theme: "Traditi si obiceiuri de Paste IGNATESCU DARIA SI POPOAIA ANA CLASA A-VI-A B."— Presentation transcript:
Traditi si obiceiuri de Paste IGNATESCU DARIA SI POPOAIA ANA CLASA A-VI-A B
Easter EEaster (Old English Ēostre; Latin: Pascha; Greek Πάσχα Paskha, the latter two derived from Hebrew: פֶּסַח Pesa ḥ ) is a Christian festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament. Easter is the culmination of the Passion of Christ, preceded by Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance. TThe last week of Lent is called Holy Week, and it contains the days of the Easter Triduum, including Maundy Thursday (also known as Holy Thursday), commemorating the Last Supper and its preceding foot washing, as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. Easter is followed by a fifty-day period called Eastertide, or the Easter Season, ending with Pentecost Sunday.
Theological significance THE NEW TESTAMENT TEACHES THAT THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS, WHICH EASTER CELEBRATES, IS A FOUNDATION OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.THE RESURRECTION ESTABLISHED JESUS AS THE POWERFUL SON OF GOD AND IS CITED AS PROOF THAT GOD WILL JUDGE THE WORLD IN RIGHTEOUSNESS. GOD HAS GIVEN CHRISTIANS "A NEW BIRTH INTO A LIVING HOPE THROUGH THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS CHRIST FROM THE DEAD".CHRISTIANS, THROUGH FAITH IN THE WORKING OF GOD ARE SPIRITUALLY RESURRECTED WITH JESUS SO THAT THEY MAY WALK IN A NEW WAY OF LIFE
Date Easter and the holidays that are related to it are moveable feasts, in that they do not fall on a fixed date in the Gregorian or Julian calendars (both of which follow the cycle of the sun and the seasons). Instead, the date for Easter is determined on a lunisolar calendar similar to the Hebrew calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the March equinox. Ecclesiastically, the equinox is reckoned to be on 21 March (even though the equinox occurs, astronomically speaking, on 20 March in most years), and the "full moon" is not necessarily the astronomically correct date.moveable feastsGregorianJulianlunisolar calendarHebrew calendarFirst Council of NicaeaPaschal Full Moon
Controversies over the date The precise date of Easter has at times been a matter for contention. By the later 2nd century, it was accepted that the celebration of the holiday was a practice of the disciples and an undisputed tradition. The Quartodeciman controversy, the first of several Easter controversies, then arose concerning the date on which the holiday should be celebrated.
First Council of Nicaea This controversy between those who advocated independent computations, and those who wished to continue the custom of relying on the Jewish calendar, was formally resolved by the First Council of Nicaea in 325, which endorsed the move to independent computations, effectively requiring the abandonment of the old custom of consulting the Jewish community in those places where it was still used. Epiphanius of Salamis wrote in the mid-4th century:... the emperor... convened a council of 318 bishops... in the city of Nicea... They passed certain ecclesiastical canons at the council besides, and at the same time decreed in regard to the Passover that there must be one unanimous concord on the celebration of God's holy and supremely excellent day. For it was variously observed by people...
Reform of the date In the 20th century, some individuals and institutions have propounded a fixed date for Easter, the most prominent proposal being the Sunday after the second Saturday in April. Despite having some support, proposals to reform the date have not been implemented.An Orthodox congress of Eastern Orthodox bishops, which included representatives mostly from the Patriarch of Constantinople and the Patriarch of Serbia, met in Constantinople in 1923, where the bishops agreed to the Revised Julian calendar. Patriarch of ConstantinoplePatriarch of SerbiaRevised Julian calendar
Traditional mass for Easter TRADITIONAL MASS FOR EASTER CONSISTS FROM ROMANIAN CHRISTIANS: MARTIN LAMB, LAMB SOUP, ROAST LAMB, LIKE SWEETS TO EAT CAKE WITH VARIOUS FILLINGS AND BREAD WITH CHEESE. ALONG WITH THESE DELICIOUS RED EGGS ARE PREPARED. POPULAR TRADITION SAYS THAT THE CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS CHRIST, THE VIRGIN MARY BROUGHT A BASKET OF EGGS THAT HE WANTED TO GIVE THEM SECURITY GUARDS. THEY REFUSED THE GIFT, BATJOCORINDU AND MORE ON JESUS. CRYING IN THE ROAR, THE MOTHER OF GOD HAS LEFT CART AT THE FEET OF R Ă STIGNITULUI. THE BLOOD, THE BODY OF IROIND ÎMPESTRIAT EGGS. LOOKING AT THEM, JESUS CHRIST HAS WHISPERED THAT FROM THAT DAY ON ALL CHRISTIANS WILL BE PAINTED RED EGGS. IN THIS WAY, THE RED EGGS HAVE BECOME A SYMBOL OF THE RESURRECTION
Easter Bunny FRIGHTENINGLY RED EGGS THE EASTER BUNNY COME FROM GERMAN LANDS AND SYMBOLIZES FERTILITY. FIRST APPEARANCE OF BABY RABBIT AS SYMBOL OF EASTER HELD IN GERMANY, GRABBING THE BOOKS MENTIONED AROUND THE YEAR 1500, ALTHOUGH IT IS LIKELY THAT HE WILL BE PRESENT FOR A LONG TIME IN THE FOLK TRADITION. THE GERMANS ARE, INCIDENTALLY, THE FIRST TO INVENT THE SWEETS IN THE SHAPE OF EASTER BUNNIES, FROM 1800, THE DOUGH AND SUGAR. AT THE SAME TIME, IN FRANCE AND GERMANY HAVE APPEARED AND THE FIRST CHOCOLATE EGGS.
Easter egg EASTER EGGS, ALSO CALLED PASCHAL EGGS, ARE SPECIAL EGGS THAT ARE OFTEN GIVEN TO CELEBRATE EASTER OR SPRINGTIME. AS SUCH, EASTER EGGS ARE COMMON DURING THE SEASON OF EASTERTIDE. THE OLDEST TRADITION IS TO USE DYED AND PAINTED CHICKEN EGGS, BUT A MODERN CUSTOM IS TO SUBSTITUTE CHOCOLATE EGGS, OR PLASTIC EGGS FILLED WITH CONFECTIONERY SUCH AS JELLY BEANS. EGGS, IN GENERAL, WERE A TRADITIONAL SYMBOL OF FERTILITY, AND REBIRTH. IN CHRISTIANITY, FOR THE CELEBRATION OF EASTERTIDE, EASTER EGGS SYMBOLIZE THE EMPTY TOMB OF JESUS:  THOUGH AN EGG APPEARS TO BE LIKE THE STONE OF A TOMB, A BIRD HATCHES FROM IT WITH LIFE; SIMILARLY, THE EASTER EGG, FOR CHRISTIANS, IS A REMINDER THAT JESUS ROSE FROM THE GRAVE, AND THAT THOSE WHO BELIEVE WILL ALSO EXPERIENCE ETERNAL LIFE.
Matzo MATZO, MATZA OR MATZAH (HEBREW: מַצָּה ; PLURAL MATZOT ; MATZOS, MATZUS OF ASHKENAZI HEBREW DIALECT); IS AN UNLEAVENED BREAD TRADITIONALLY EATEN BY JEWS DURING THE WEEK-LONG PASSOVER HOLIDAY, WHEN EATING CHAMETZ—BREAD AND OTHER FOOD MADE WITH LEAVENED GRAIN—IS FORBIDDEN ACCORDING TO JEWISH RELIGIOUS LAW.HEBREW ASHKENAZI HEBREWBREADPASSOVERCHAMETZLEAVENED