39 German states formed the German Confederation Austro- Hungarian Empire & Prussia dominant states
Nationalist Leaders 1. Prussian King Wilhelm I 2. Otto Von Bismarck- The Iron Chancellor Prime Minister of Prussia
Realpolitik- End justifies the means approach to government Ruled w/out consent of Parliament Builds up Army (Militarism) Strong proponent of Blood & Iron Sacrifice & industrialization key to being a world power
1. Danish War- Prussia & Austria defeat Denmark & gain 2 Provinces 2. Austro- Prussian War- Seven Weeks War- Austria defeated- Prussia took control of Northern Germany 3.Franco – Prussian War- Southern Germany unites to fight common enemy- France defeated
1871- King Wilhelm: crowned Kaiser or Emperor of unified Germany The Second Reich begins What was the 1 st ????
Upset the: Balance of Power - England & Germany most powerful Alliance system begins which will lead to WWI Militarism
Tore apart Long established Empires Too Diverse to survive Austro- Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire, & Russian Empire will not survive WWI