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Wk¶v gvbylK- D`vi, bgª I f`ª Ki|

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1 wk¶v gvbylK- D`vi, bgª I f`ª Ki|

2 The second Florentine period was also a time of intensive scientific study. Leonardo did dissections in the hospital of Santa Maria Nuova and broadened his anatomical work into a comprehensive study of the structure and function of the human organism. He made systematic observations of the flight of birds, about which he planned a treatise. Even his hydrological studies, on the nature and movement of water, broadened into research on the physical properties of water, especially the laws of currents, which he compared with those pertaining to air. These were also set down in his own collection of data, contained in the so-called Codex Hammer (formerly known as the Leicester Codex, now in the property of software entrepreneur Bill Gates in Seattle, Washington, U.S.). Leonardo da VinciFlorentine artistBirthApril 15, 1452DeathMay 2, 1519Place of BirthVinci, ItalyPrincipal ResidenceFlorenceKnown forInitiating the Italian High Renaissance with paintings that set a new standard for composition and expression of complex emotionPossessing a sprawling intellect that touched astoundingly diverse areas of knowledge, but suffering from a tendency to assume too many projects in various fields, and failing to complete most Microsoft ® Encarta ®

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4 JU Dhaka 2010.

5 Nicolaus Copernicus Polish astronomer BirthFebruary 19, 1473 DeathMay 24, 1543 Place of Birth Torun, Poland Known for Proposing a heliocentric (sun-centered) model for the solar system, in which the Sun is stationary at the center, and Earth and the other planets orbit around it Career 1491-1494 Studied mathematics at Kraków Academy (now Jagiellonian University) 1496 Went to Italy to study astronomy and law at the University of Bologna 1497 Began observations of the Sun, Moon, and planets 1514? Wrote Commentariolus, an outline of his astronomical ideas, but did not circulate it widely 1543 Published De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), which held that Earth and the other planets orbit a centrally located Sun JU Dhaka 2010.

6 Born15 February 1564 PisaPisa,Duchy of Florence, ItalyDuchy of FlorenceItaly Died8 January 1642 (aged 77) Arcetri, [1] Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Italy Arcetri [1]Grand Duchy of TuscanyItaly ResidenceGrand Duchy of TuscanyGrand Duchy of Tuscany, ItalyItaly FieldsAstronomyAstronomy, Physics andMathematicsPhysicsMathematics InstitutionsUniversity of Pisa University of Padua Alma materUniversity of Pisa Academic advisors Ostilio Ricci Known forKinematics Dynamics Telescopic observational astronomy Heliocentrism Religious stance Roman Catholic JU Dhaka 2010.

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8 Tycho Brahe, born Tyge Ottesen Brahe (14 December 1546 – 24 October 1601), was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomi cal and planetaryobservations. Coming from Scania, then part of Denmark, now part of modern-day Sweden, Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer and alchemist.


10 BornDecember 27, 1571 Weil der Stadt near Stuttgart, Germany Weil der StadtStuttgartGermany DiedNovember 15, 1630 (aged 58) Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany RegensburgBavariaGermany Reside nce Baden- WürttembergBaden- Württemberg; Styria; Bohemia; Upper AustriaStyriaBohemia Upper Austria FieldsAstronomyAstronomy, astrology, mathema tics andnatural philosophyastrologymathema ticsnatural philosophy Institut ions University of Linz Alma mater University of Tübingen Known for Kepler's laws of planetary motion Kepler conjecture

11 X-ray, Optical & Infrared Composite of Kepler's Supernova Remnant "On October 9, 1604, sky watchers -- including astronomer Johannes Kepler, spotted a "new star" in the western sky, rivaling the brilliance of nearby planets. "Kepler's supernova" was the last exploding supernova seen in our Milky Way galaxy. Johannes KeplerKepler's supernova

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13 BornOctober 15October 15, 1608 Faenza, Romagna, Italy1608 FaenzaRomagnaItaly DiedOctober 25October 25, 1647 (aged 39) Florence1647 Florence NationalityItalian FieldsPhysicist Mathematician Known forBarometer Torricelli's Law InfluencesGalileo JU Dhaka 2010.

14 Juan de la Cosa (c. 1460 – February 28, 1510) was a Spanish cartographer, conquistador, and explorer. He made the earliest extant European world map to incorporate the territories of the Americas that were discovered in the fifteenth century, sailed the first 3 voyages with Christopher Columbus, and was the owner/captain of the Santa María. De la Cosa was also a skilled cartography; in particular, he is renowned for his cartography skills on the world map knows as the Mappa Mundi of 1500. JU Dhaka 2010.

15 Gerardus Mercator (5 March 1512 – 2 December 1594) was a Flemish cartographer. He was born inRupelmonde in the County of Flanders. He is remembered for the Mercator projection world map named after him.FlemishcartographerRupelmondeCounty of FlandersMercator projectionworld map



18 Abraham Ortelius (Abraham Ortels) (April 2, 1527 – June 28, 1598) was a Flemish cartographer andgeographer, generally recognised as the creator of the first modern atlas.April 21527June 281598Flemishcartographergeographer

19 Hutton as painted by Sir Henry RaeburnHenry Raeburn Born14 June 1726 Edinburgh, Scotland EdinburghScotland Died26 March 1797 NationalityScottish FieldsGeology Known forPlutonic geology Deep time James Hutton MD (Edinburgh, 3 June 1726 OS (14 June 1726 NS) – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, physician, naturalist, ch emist and experimental farmer. He is considered the father ofmodern geology.[1][2] His theories of geology and geologic time,[3] also called deep time,[4] came to be included in theories which were called plutonism and uniformitaria nism.MDEdinburghOSNSScottish geologistphysiciannaturalistch emistexperimentalfarmerfather ofgeology[1][2]geologic time[3]deep time[4]plutonismuniformitaria nism

20 Philippe Buache, was a French geographer, born in Paris in 1700. He died in 1773.Paris Buache was trained under the geographer Guillaume Delisle, of whom he married the daughter. Buache was nominated first geographer of the king in 1729. He established the division of the world by seas and river systems. He believed in a southern continent, an hypothesis which was confirmed by later discoveries.Guillaume Delisle He published in 1754 an "Atlas physique" and wrote several pamphlets. He was a member of the Académie des sciences.Académie des sciences

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24 Full name Immanuel Kant Born22 April 1724 Königsberg, Prussia KönigsbergPrussia Died12 February 1804 (aged 79) Königsberg, Prussia School/ tradition KantianismKantianism, enlightenment philosophyenlightenment philosophy Main interests EpistemologyEpistemology, Metaphysics,Ethics, LogicMetaphysicsEthicsLogic Notable ideas Categorical imperativeCategorical imperative,Transcendental Idealism,Synthetic a priori,Noumenon, Sapere aude,Nebular hypothesisTranscendental IdealismSynthetic a prioriNoumenonSapere audeNebular hypothesis JU Dhaka 2010.

25 Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804 The Critique of Practical ReasonThe Critique of Practical Reason (English) The Critique of Pure ReasonThe Critique of Pure Reason (English) Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of MoralsFundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals (English) Kritik der reinen Vernunft (Erste Fassung 1781)Kritik der reinen Vernunft (Erste Fassung 1781) (German) Kritik der reinen Vernunft Zweite hin und wieder verbesserte Auflage (1787)Kritik der reinen Vernunft Zweite hin und wieder verbesserte Auflage (1787) (German) The Metaphysical Elements of EthicsThe Metaphysical Elements of Ethics (English) On the Popular Judgment: That may be Right in Theory, but does not Hold Good in the PraxisOn the Popular Judgment: That may be Right in Theory, but does not Hold Good in the Praxis (English) Perpetual Peace: A Philosophic EssayPerpetual Peace: A Philosophic Essay (English) MvwYwZK f~Mvj bwZK f~Mvj ivRbwZK f~Mvj evwYwR¨K f~Mvj Ck¦i ZvwË¡K f~Mvj

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