Presentation on theme: "RAISING AWARENESS RISK ASSESSMENT"— Presentation transcript:
1 RAISING AWARENESS RISK ASSESSMENT Have equipment set up and display this slide for candidates entering roomPresenter to welcome candidates to the session introduce him/herself.Go through local emergency procedures such as tones of fire/evacuation alarms, muster points and arrangements for welfare toilets/tea/coffee.It is expected that the majority of candidates will be experienced mangers/engineers/supervisors. Begin by ascertaining this and if this is not the case then take note for the rest of the presentation and make adjustments as required.You will need the followingCopy of the MHSAW ACOPCopy of OPVideo – Risk Assessment For Industry
2 RISK ASSESSMENT Purpose Explain the risk assessment process Detail 5 basic steps for carrying out a risk assessment ObjectivesTo familiarise candidates with OP and associated pro-formasTo give candidates the confidence to carry out a risk assessment within the work environmentFormatExplain the basics stepsShow a video on risk assessmentDo a desk top risk assessmentAll lasting around 2 hoursQuestions can be asked at any time during the sessionEnd of session questionnaireAs per slide contents
3 WHY RISK ASSESSMENT? To prevent Accidents By The Identification of HazardsBy TheIdentification ofShow heading and ask candidates for their views on why we need to carry out risk assessments. Discuss feedback as required.Click to show slide and say that reasonably practicable will be specifically mentioned as the presentation goes on.Reducing the risk of injury from thosehazards to as low a level as isreasonably practicable
4 BENEFITS OF RISK ASSESSMENT Comply With The LawEconomicState that health and safety law demands that the risk assessment process is carried out.Mention that is makes economic sense to carry out risk assessment with the following examplesHelps to reduce accidents in turn….Reduces compensation claims in turn…Reduces insurance premiumsCompanies failing to carry out RA can be have improvement/prohibition notices applied and be fined in courts. Reducing these liabilities can also give the company a good standing within the business community.Preventing accidents helps to preventShort term pain and sufferingLong term disablementSaves money to the individual by not limiting earnings e.g. loss of overtime, bonus payments while off on the sickMaintains a good quality of well beingHuman
5 WHAT IS A RISK ASSESSMENT ? “ The overall process of estimating the magnitude of risk to the population that might be affected and deciding whether or not the risk is tolerable”Read out the contents of the slide
6 RISK ASSESSMENTBASICALLY RISK ASSESSMENT IS THE FIRST STEP TO MAKING YOUR WORKPLACE SAFEAN EMPLOYER MUST :-identify the hazards and eliminate where possible.Evaluate risksreduce or control risks to a low levelrecord the assessment (see later)AN EMPLOYEE MUST:-co-operate with the employer on all health and safety mattersinform their line manager if they are concerned about a health and safety matteradhere to all work and safety procedures.Go through the contents of the slide.
7 WHO CARRIES OUT RISK ASSESSMENTS? A risk Assessment Must Be Carried Out By ACOMPETENT PERSONWHO OR WHAT IS A COMPETENT PERSON?Go through the contents of the slide
8 COMPETENT PERSON A COMPETENT PERSON SHOULD HAVE:- an understanding of the workplacean ability to make sound judgementsa knowledge of the best practicable means to reduce those risks identifiedCOMPETENCY MAY BE DEFINED AS A COMBINATION OF:-knowledgeskillexperiencequality of personnelability to recognise the extent and limitations of one’s own experience.Go through the contents of the slide giving examples of managers, engineers, supervisors e.g. the candidates themselves.
9 WHEN ? AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE ! PRE DESIGN PRE MANUFACTURE PRE SITE VISITAT LEAST PRIOR TO WORK COMMENCINGGo through the slide and give examples ofDesigners doing special risk assessments in order to design out risksOn knowledge of carrying out jobs previously but be specific in saying only in generic form.By specifically visiting the job prior to task commencing
10 SOME DEFINITIONS Accident Go through contents of slideAn unplanned, unexpected event that can result ininjury or damage
11 SOME DEFINITIONS Hazard Risk Something with the potential to cause harmHazardRiskGo through contents of slideThe likelihood of harm arising from the hazard andthe severity of the harm
12 SOME DEFINITIONS Reasonably Practicable Balance of the risk against the cost of controlsAssessment ofRiskCostTimeTroubleDifficultyGo through contents of slide and give an example e.g.A task with a worst case scenario being a minor injury and unlikely but costs £100k to implement controls would not be reasonably practicable but…If the worst case scenario was a fatality with the outcome as being a high possibility then it would be reasonably practicable to spend the money.
13 Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ?Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974Section 2(1) - Employers General Duties“It shall be the duty of every employer to ensureso far as is reasonably practicable the health,safety,and welfare at work of all his employees”Go through slideWhich basically means that risks need to beconsidered with regard to cost, time, trouble anddifficulty
14 WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ? Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999(Supported by an ACOP and Guidance)Regulation 3 - Risk Assessment1) Every employer shall make a suitable and sufficientassessment of the risks to his employees and personsnot in his employment from the hazards arising fromhis undertaking2) The assessment should be periodically reviewedExplain briefly the special status of an ACOP and guidance. Go through slide.3) The significant findings should be recorded wherethere are more than five employees
15 New and Expectant Mothers Regulation 19 -Protection of Young Persons WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ?Regulation 16/17/18/New and Expectant MothersThe health and safety of new and expectantmothers and that of her baby must be consideredRegulation 19 -Protection of Young PersonsYoung persons need to be protected from risks tohealth and safety due to their lack of experienceand absence of awarenessGo through slide. Can mention that with more and more women coming into what was traditionally male roles e.g. welder, fitter then companies need to take this on board.Can mention that young persons are more vulnerable and must be given special attention when carrying out RA
16 h) Give priority to measures protection groups WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ?Regulation 4 - Principles of Preventiona) Avoid the riskb) Evaluate risks that cannot be avoidedc) Combat risks at sourced) Adapt the work to the individuale) Adapt to technical progressf) Replace the dangerous with non or less dangerousGo through slide giving examples e.g.Does the task need to be carried outUse the evaluation matrixInstead of putting a drip tray under a leaking gearbox to prevent someone slipping on oil…. fix the leak!Instead of having someone working kneeling on the floor, raise the job onto a workbenchUse equipment that generates less noise, vibration.Use a less hazardous cleaning solvent.BOP-OPWhere controls are being implemented always consider those around the area of work.Probably the most important, if persons are not aware of the hazards and controls required then the RA is useless.g) Develop an overall policyh) Give priority to measures protection groupsi) Ensure that employees receive the relevant instruction
17 Risk Assessment In Other Legislation Control of Substances Hazardous to HealthRegulations 1999Display Screen Equipment Regulations 1992Give examples ofCOSHH assessment of substances.DSE Workstation assessmentMH assessmentManual Handling Regulations 1992
18 QUESTIONS ANY QUESTIONS SO FAR Ask candidates if they have any questions so far and answer as required.Go over some of the major points if required.
19 FIVE EASY STEPS TO RISK ASSESSMENTS 1. Consider the task or process and who mightbe at risk2. Identify the hazards, analyse and evaluatethe likelihood against the severity3. Decide on control measures and implementthemGot through slide4. Monitor the control measures5. Review the process
20 STEP 1 What’s The Task and Who May Be At Risk? Who is at risk?Pick an example e.g.Electric arc weldingWelder, Fitter, Supervisor, Auditor, passer by
21 STEP 2 Identifying and Evaluating Hazards and Risk Consider the obviousUse your existing knowledgeConsult with colleaguesConsult manufacturers instructionsGo through slide ask candidates to consider such items asFire/explosion, arc eye, burns, electric shock, radiant heat?Done the job before on that particular site?Know someone who has done the job before and how they asked for the scaffold to be erected?Some of the best information can be found in manufacturers instructionsStress that you cannot do a specific RA if you do not visit the workface.Visit the intended workface
22 STEP 2 CONTINUED - EVALUATE The Business Operating Procedure has a guidance note on completion in the appendix at the back.Talk in general through this slide
23 STEP 3 Decide on Controls and Implement Do away with the hazardCompetent PersonnelEnhance the lightingWell maintained equipmentConsult manufacturers instructionsAre there regulations and/or standardsthat apply?Remove combustible materials prior to commencing workOnly time served welders to carry out weldingCan mention that darkness can creep up if your are working outsideOnly equipment that has been serviced and in good condition should be usedAgain a source of good informationDo other regulations apply e.g. are we welding in a confined space or are there special local rules to be implemented via the clientStress strongly that personal protective equipment must only be used as a last resort.Personal protective equipment
24 STEP 4 Monitor The Control Measures Ensure that the controls detailedin the assessment are in placeand are effectiveCan mention that if the risk assessment says that fire blanket will be used to help contain sparks then ensue that it is in place properly not just thrown down in a heap and that it is containing the sparks.Stress that monitoring and auditing is a proactive way of determining if the controls are effective
25 STEP 5 Review The Risk Assessment Is the assessment still valid?Has there been any significant changes?Is the assessment generic?Make the point that an RA is a LIVE document and that condition can change at any time e.g.A scaffolding crew comes on the scene working above and is causing dust disturbanceIt has been raining overnight and there is a lot of water around the workfaceAre you reviewing a RA that was in place the last time the task was carried out then you must still visit the workface as the surrounding condition may have changed e.g. a plant modification that introduces high levels of noise
26 BUSINESS OPERATING PROCEDURE BOP OPHealth and Safety Risk AssessmentBring to the candidates attention that this is the front page of the official MB RA procedure and that all personnel carrying out RA’s must be aware of its contents
27 RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD All Operating Centres throughout the company will be using the same Risk Assessment proforma.That this is the official MB RA document and that it must be used at all sites. Give handout and talk the candidates through the form.
28 RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD All Operating Centres throughout the company will be using the same Risk Assessment proforma.As per last slide
29 RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD All Operating Centres throughout the company will be using the same Risk Assessment proforma.As per last slide
30 REGISTEREach operational centre must create a register for registering and controlling Risk AssessmentsSee later.As per slide
31 “RISK ASSESSMENT FOR INDUSTRY” VIDEO“RISK ASSESSMENT FOR INDUSTRY”Show video
32 PRACTICAL EXCERCISE DO A RISK ASSESSMENT Dependant on where the presentation is being carried out and what arrangements have been made will depend on how this part of the session will goScenario oneHave the candidates visit a workface with the intention of carrying out a task and do a risk assessmentScenario twoAsk candidates to study a workface photograph and carry out a risk assessment with regard to a chosen task.
33 PROCEDURE KEY RESPONSIBILITIES EACH OPERATING CENTRE AND FUNCTION WILL DESIGNATE A PERSON OR PERSONS WHO WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FOLLOWING:-ensuring that risk assessments are carried out for all work activities within their area of responsibilityestablishing and maintaining the ‘Risk Assessment Register’ N.B. for the Renfrew site this will be done by the Health ,Safety and Environment Adviser.As per slide
34 REQUIREMENTSEACH OPERATIONAL CENTRE WILL CARRY OUT THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS USING THE PRINCIPLES AND PROCESS OUTLINED IN 5.3 AND 5.4 OF OPRECORD THE RISK ASSESSMENT ON THE FORM DETAILED IN APPENDIX 3 OF THE PROCEDURE(N.B. guidance on completion of this form is in Appendix 2)COMPLETE ‘ REGISTER OF RISK ASSESSMENT’ AS PER APPENDIX 1.ENSURE THAT THE RELEVANT RISK ASSESSMENT IS MADE AVAILABLE TO ALL CONCERNED PARTIES AND THAT CONTROL MEASURES ARE FULLY UNDERSTOOD.As per slide
35 Radiation Risk Assessments If you put a cross on the RA form beside Ionising Radiation , then that should automatically trigger certain actions:Contact Ian LittleRead the Business Operating Procedure OP (copy from Ian Little at present)Refer to relevant Company Local Rules.(Dosimetry Request and Prior Risk Assessment.As per slide
36 Where to find and where to Archive Risk Assessments Risk Assessments can be found on the MB INTRANET.Technology Personnel can find Blank in Word TemplateSite Services can access Blank in their own directoryWelding Products can access Blank from own directorySave Completed Risk AssessmentTechnology and EngineeringT:/Technology /BC 256/ Safety/Risk Assessments/Tech & Eng Building/RA’s or RegisterSite ServicesT:/Technology/BC256/Safety/Risk Assessments/Main Office\Ra’s or RegisterWelding ProductsH:/Weldprod/Risk AssessmentsAs per slideEACH OPERATIONAL CENTRE MUST CREATE ITS OWN REGISTER
37 RISK ASSESSMENT MEMORY JOGGER Remember ERIC PDEliminate the hazardReduce the hazardIsolate the hazardControl the hazardAs per slidePersonal Protective EquipmentDiscipline
38 SUMMARY Risk assessment is required by law under HASAWA and MHASAW Regulations etcRisk assessment can help reduce accidents and nearmisses and can be done in 5 easy stepsRisk Assessments carried out by MB must record significant risks and the controls requiredAs per slideThose affected must be informed
39 ARE YOUR CONTROLS ADEQUATE? HazardSomething with the potential to cause harmRefer back to slide 11 as an example of a hazardBring in the cage as a controlBring in the “worker” with his head in the clouds asking, is the cage is enough?Bring in the barrier as a further controlBring in the child as a further hazard (someone with little or no experience of risk) is the barrier enough?Bring in the mesh as further control.The slogan basically says it all!A RISK ASSESSMENT IS YOUR BEST INVESTMENT
40 THANK YOU AND QUESTIONS END Take question and answer as required Any question that cannot be answered take note and give a timescale of when feed back will be givenAny issues arising can be fed back through the regional safety engineer.