# Learning Target: I can identify and explain the important parts of a map. Warm Up: List the 5 themes of geography and explain how each theme is represented.

## Presentation on theme: "Learning Target: I can identify and explain the important parts of a map. Warm Up: List the 5 themes of geography and explain how each theme is represented."— Presentation transcript:

Learning Target: I can identify and explain the important parts of a map.
Warm Up: List the 5 themes of geography and explain how each theme is represented by life in Louisville.

MAP BASICS LINES OF LONGITUDE - These are imaginary lines that run north and south around the earth, N S

MAP BASICS LINES OF LONGITUDE - These are imaginary lines that run north and south around the earth, but measure east and west. N E W but S

MAP BASICS LINES OF LONGITUDE - These are imaginary lines that run north and south around the earth, but measure east and west. They are called meridians and they touch at the poles. N S

MAP BASICS They are called meridians and they touch at the poles. The main meridian is the Prime Meridian that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole passing through Greenwich, England at Oº longitude. N N S S

MAP BASICS The main meridian is the Prime Meridian that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole passing through Greenwich, England at Oº longitude. On the other side of the earth it is known as the International Date Line. N S

MAP BASICS On the other side of the earth it is known as the International Date Line. Think of Meridians of Longitude as the orange below cut in wedges. N S

MAP BASICS

MAP BASICS These Meridians and Parallels work to divide the earth into HEMISPHERES.

MAP BASICS These Meridians and Parallels work to divide the earth into HEMISPHERES. A hemisphere means to be divided in halves or literally half a sphere or circle.

MAP BASICS The earth can be divided into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres by the Prime Meridian.

MAP BASICS The earth can also be divided into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres by the Equator.

MAP BASICS

MAP BASICS So which hemispheres would the United States be located in?

MAP BASICS The United States is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres.

MAP BASICS The United States is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. What do we call the earth’s largest land masses?

MAP BASICS The United States is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. What do we call the earth’s largest land masses? CONTINENTS!

MAP BASICS The United States is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. What do we call the earth’s largest land masses? CONTINENTS! How many continents are there?

MAP BASICS The United States is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. What do we call the earth’s largest land masses? CONTINENTS! How many continents are there? SEVEN!

MAP BASICS The United States is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. What do we call the earth’s largest land masses? CONTINENTS! How many continents are there? SEVEN! What are the seven continents?

MAP BASICS The United States is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. What do we call the earth’s largest land masses? CONTINENTS! How many continents are there? SEVEN! What are the seven continents? North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia and Antarctica.

MAP BASICS North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia and Antarctica.

MAP BASICS What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all of the land on earth?

MAP BASICS What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all of the land on earth? Oceans.

MAP BASICS What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all of the land on earth? Oceans. How many oceans are there?

MAP BASICS What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all of the land on earth? Oceans. How many oceans are there? Four.

MAP BASICS What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all of the land on earth? Oceans. How many oceans are there? Four. What are the names of these four oceans?

MAP BASICS What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all of the land on earth? Oceans. How many oceans are there? Four. What are the names of these four oceans? Atlantic, Pacific, Indian and Arctic.

MAP BASICS What are the names of these four oceans? Atlantic, Pacific, Indian and Arctic. 4 1 2 3

Requested Review: Place
The features that make a location unique Two components of Place Physical location: land features, mountains, plains, and plateaus, climate, bodies of water Human characteristics: people, culture, language, religion, buildings and landmarks, cities

Requested Review: Region
What Places Have in Common Political Regions Landform Regions Agricultural Regions Cultural Regions

What two factors are used to describe what a Place is like
What two factors are used to describe what a Place is like? EXPLAIN what each is like. (4) a) Physical Features:________________; ___________________________________  b) Human Characteristics- ____________;

Explain Louisville, Kentucky’s place using both factors. (2)
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Explain what Region is using all of its characteristics. (1)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Explain Louisville, Kentucky’s using the elements of region. (1)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 1 – THE WORLD BEFORE THE OPENING OF THE ATLANTIC Section One – The Earliest Americans
FIRST MIGRATION TO THE AMERICAS -First settlers probably came during the last Ice Age(known as the Pleistocene glacial epoch) that ended about 10,000 B.C. -

The Earth’s climate became very cold and many large glaciers were formed which caused ocean levels to drop by as much as 300 feet lower than they are today. -

These first people migrated here and it took a long time.
-Migration is the movement of people or animals from one place to another.

-They were hunters following after BIG GAME or very large animals.

-A strip of land between northeastern Asia(Russia) and present-day Alaska called the Bering Land Bridge or Beringia is where North Americas first inhabitants(Paleo-Indians) crossed the Bering Strait between 38,000 and 10,000 B.C.

-They were hunter-gatherers or people who hunted wild animals and gathered wild plants for food.

Over many years they spread south through current day Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America and all the way down to the southern tip of South America.

-As the temperature of the Earth began to climb around 8000 B. C
-As the temperature of the Earth began to climb around 8000 B.C. the glaciers began to melt raising the ocean levels and covering the land bridge with water. 55 Miles ALASKA RUSSIA

In class Review- create study guide
A primary source is… A secondary source is… Maps can be either type because… The five themes of geography are… The cardinal directions are … The intermediate directions are… Lines of longitude are _____and measure _ Lines of latitude are _____ and measure ___

Study guide, cont. The seven continents are The four oceans are
The western hemisphere is The eastern hemispher is MAKE SURE YOUR NOTEBOOK IS IN ORDER –QUIZ OVER CONTENTS.

Homework Finish Geography Worksheets and create study guide
Bring PAWS book tomorrow Read all of section 1

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