2 Two Types of Object Pronouns There are two types of object pronouns: Direct and indirectDirect Object Pronouns (DOPNs) answer the question “Who or what is receiving the action of the verb?”Indirect Object Pronouns (IDOPNs) answer the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed. It tells us where the DOPN is going.
3 Example The doctor writes me a prescription. What does he write? verbIndirect objectSubjectDirect objectWhat does he write?For whom does he write the prescription? Where is the prescription going?MeTo MeIn Spanish this sentence would be:El medico me escribe una receta
4 Indirect Object Pronouns answer the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" (to/ for) me = me (pronounced “may”)(to/ for) you = te(to/ for) him, her, it, you formal = le(to/ for) us = nos(to/ for) them, you all = lesLook familiar?
5 You have already used them! Me gustan los deportesIDOPNverbSubjectLiterally this sentence means:The sports are pleasing to me.SubjectverbIDOPN
6 You have already used them! le duele la gargantaIDOPNverbSubjectLiterally this sentence means:The throat hurts (give pain to) himverbSubjectIDOPN
7 Direct Object Pronouns “Who or what is receiving the action of the verb?” me = me (pronounced “may”)you = tehim, her, it, you formal = lo, laus = nosthem, you all = los, lasWe will only use me, te, and nos in this chapter.
8 Examples The doctors examine us. Los medicos nos examinan. SubjectverbDOPNLos medicos nos examinan.SubjectDOPNverbWho or what do they examine?us“Us” or “nos” is the direct object pronoun.
9 Examples Daddy, I adore you. -Papi, te adoro. Who or what do I adore? DOPNSubjectverb-Papi, te adoro.DOPNverbSubjectWho or what do I adore?you“You” or “te” is the direct object pronoun.
10 Did you notice? Both the DOPNs and IDOPNs come before the verb. Me, Te, and nos are the same for both sets of object pronounsThe verb matches the subject NOT the objects.
11 Look again El medico me escribe una receta The verb matches the SubjectThe IDOPN come before the verb
12 Practicamos ¿____ duele el estómago? Sí, me duele el estómago. ¿Me escribes una carta? Sí, ____ escribo.¿Por qué te da una receta el médico? Porque____ duele la garganta.Mi profesor de español ______ explica la lección porque no comprendo la lección.TETEMEME