Presentation on theme: "Egyptian Perspective On Prediabetes & Diabetes"— Presentation transcript:
1 Egyptian Perspective On Prediabetes & Diabetes Ibrahim El EbrashyProf. Of Internal Medicine & DiabetesFaculty Of Medicine-Cairo UniversityDeanNational Institute Of Diabetes & Endocrinology (NIDE )Cairo – MOHEgypt
2 Top 10 prevalence of diabetes (20-79 age groups) in 2007 (With 2025 prevalence) CountryNauruUAESaudi Arabia2007Bahrain2025KuwaitOmanTongaMauritiusEgyptMexicoPrevalence (%)510152025303540International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes Atlas. Brussels, Belgium: IDF; 2007
4 The burden and costs of chronic diseases in low-income and middle-income countries The Lancet , 5 December 2007
5 They estimated the burden and loss of economic output associated with chronic diseases in 23 selected countriesThese countries were selected as leading countries collectively accounting for around 80% of the total mortality burden attributable to chronic diseases in developing countries.
6 They aggregate estimates from coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, since these disorders represent the greatest burden of the entire group of chronic diseases.All estimates are projected between 2005 and 2015.
9 Global Burden Of Diabetes Prevalence and Projections 2010 and 2030 IDF, 2009.
10 Number of people with diabetes (20-79 years) 2010 and 2030 TOP 10
11 T2DM trends in Egypt- Prevalence 1525-3435-44Age Categories45-5410.455-65108.6Prevalence (%)8.8 %7.020.3 %42.6 %528.3 %MaleFemaleTotalEgyptian Ministry of Health (MOH ) Preventive Sector, Central Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance (ESU) 2006
12 T2DM trends in Egypt (%) OAD use Insulin use Prevalence Undiagnosed 25 Age Categories2525-3435-442045-5455-6515(%)Total105OADuseInsulinusePrevalenceUndiagnosedEgyptian Ministry of Health (MOH) Preventive Sector, Central Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance (ESU) 2006
23 MOH – Curative Care Sector Project: Early Detection of Diabetes Mellitus Salah El-Ghazaly Harb*, Ibrahim El-Ebrashy***,Mohamed Fahmy** and Madiha Said Abdel-Razik*Faculty of Medicine Cairo* and Ain Shams** Universities and the National Institute For Diabetes & Endocrinology***
24 The EDDP established "early detection of DM clinics (EDDMC) in 14 hospitals, in three phases. These hospitals are located in 12 governorates and distributed in the three Egypt Regions (Urban governorates, Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt).Throughout the period , more than at-risk ≥ 25 years of age individuals (hypertension, obesity, and positive family history of diabetes), but with negative history of DM had been examined.
27 EgyptCountry profilePercent with diabetes (20-79 years), 2010 (national)10.4Percent with diabetes (20-79 years), 2010 (comparative)11.4Percent with diabetes (20-79 years), 2030 (comparative)13.7Number of people with diabetes, 20104,787,100
28 Percent with impaired glucose tolerance (20-79 years), 2010 (national) 4.8Percent with impaired glucose tolerance (20-79 years), 2010 (comparative)5.1New cases of type 1 diabetes in children (under 14 years) 2010 (new cases per 100,000 population per year)8.0Deaths attributable to diabetes (20-79 years), 201058,116Mean health expenditure per person with diabetes (USD), R=2, 2010116
30 T2DM trends in Egypt- Current treatment practice Guidelines followedMajority follow ADA , EASD & IDF guidelineslocal clinical practice recommendation since 2009 MOH.Management PracticesAll oral anti-diabetic drugs availableMetformin remains the mainstay of treatment together with SUs.TZDs are prescribed after failure of Metformin and SUs.Newer agents like DPP-IV are launched in the market.All types of insulin and insulin analogues are available.National DPP is just launched