Download presentation

Published byAshley McElroy Modified over 4 years ago

1
**? Nuclear Reactions Categorization of Nuclear Reactions**

According to: bombarding particle, bombarding energy, target, reaction product, reaction mechanism. Bombarding particle: Charged particle reactions. [ (p,n) (p,) (,) heavy ion reactions ]. Neutron reactions. [ (n,) (n,p) ….. ]. Photonuclear reactions. [ (,n) (,p) … ]. Electron induced reactions…………. Bombarding energy: Thermal. Epithermal. Slow. Fast. Low energy charged particles. High energy charged particles. ? Neutrons. Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

2
**Nuclear Reactions Pickup Resonant Stripping Non-resonant Targets:**

Light nuclei (A < 40). Medium weight nuclei (40 < A < 150). Heavy nuclei (A > 150). Reaction products: Scattering. Elastic 14N(p,p)14N Inelastic 14N(p,p/)14N* Radiative capture. Fission and fusion. Spallation. ….. Reaction mechanism: Direct reactions. Compound nucleus reactions. More in what follows …. What is a transfer reaction….????? Pickup Resonant Stripping Non-resonant Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

3
**Reaction Cross Section(s) (Introduction)**

Probability. Projectile a will more probably hit target X if area is larger. Classically: = (Ra + RX)2. Classical = ??? (in b) 1H + 1H, 1H + 238U, 238U + 238U Quantum mechanically: = 2. Coulomb and centrifugal barriers energy dependence of . Nature of force: Strong: 15N(p,)12C = 0.5 b at Ep = 2 MeV. Electromagnetic: 3He(,)7Be = 10-6 b at E = 2 MeV. Weak: p(p,e+)D = b at Ep = 2 MeV. Experimental challenges to measure low X-sections.. HW 33 Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

4
**Reaction Cross Section(s) (Introduction)**

Detector for particle “b” d Ia “b” particles / s , cm2 “X“ target Nuclei / cm2 “a” particles / s Typical nucleus (R=6 fm): geometrical R2 1 b. Typical : <b to >106 b. Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

5
**Reaction Cross Section(s) (Introduction)**

Many different quantities are called “cross section”. Krane Table 11.1 Angular distribution Units … ! “Differential” cross section (,) or ( ) or “cross section” …!! Doubly differential t for all “b” particles. Energy state in “Y” Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

6
**Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester,**

Coulomb Scattering Elastic or inelastic. Elastic Rutherford scattering. At any distance: V = 0 Ta = ½mvo2 l = mvob vmin vo rmin b d Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh). No dependence on

7
Coulomb Scattering Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

8
**Coulomb Scattering b < b > db d HW 34**

n target nuclei / cm3 x target thickness (thin). nx target nuclei / cm2 HW 34 Show that and hence b Rutherford cross section Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

9
**Coulomb Scattering HW 35 Study Fig. 11.10 (a,b,c,d) in Krane**

See also Fig in Krane. HW 35 Show that the fraction of incident alpha particles scattered at backward angles from a 2 m gold foil is 7.48x10-5. Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

10
**Coulomb Scattering Elastic Rutherford scattering.**

Inelastic Coulomb excitation. See the corresponding alpha spectrum of Fig in Krane. Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

11
Coulomb Scattering Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

12
**Nuclear Scattering Elastic or inelastic. Analogous to diffraction.**

Alternating maxima and minima. First maximum at Minimum not at zero (sharp edge of the nucleus??) Clear for neutrons. Protons? High energy, large angles. Why? Inelastic Excited states, energy, X-section and spin-parity. Nuclear and Radiation Physics, BAU, Second Semester, (Saed Dababneh).

Similar presentations

OK

1 This lecture: What can we learn from scattering experiments? Summary from last time: - planetary model of the atom - isotopes and mass spectroscopy -

1 This lecture: What can we learn from scattering experiments? Summary from last time: - planetary model of the atom - isotopes and mass spectroscopy -

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

By using this website, you agree with our use of **cookies** to functioning of the site. More info in our Privacy Policy and Google Privacy & Terms.

Ads by Google

Ppt on earthquake resistant building construction Ppt on anticancer therapy Ppt on mohandas karamchand gandhi A ppt on spirit of unity Ppt on the road not taken interpretation Ppt on council of ministers government Ppt on the road not taken theme View my ppt online viewer Ppt on iso 9000 and 14000 Ppt on ms excel 2007 tutorial