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CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION PROGRAM FOR THE PACIFIC (CLIMAP) Presented by Edy Brotoisworo, Sr, Environment Specialist Pacific Department, Asian Development Bank
ADB’s Initial Response to Climate Change ADB’s initial activities on climate change were catalyzed by the coming into force of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). ADB’s earlier focus has been on climate mitigation, i.e, modalities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the transport, energy and industrial sectors,
CLIMATE ADAPTATION Climate Adaptation program in the Pacific (CLIMAP) is the first Technical Assistance on climate adaptation being piloted by the Asian Development Bank, in the Pacific Department
CLIMAP CLIMAP is a unique and first attempt at addressing climate adaptation mainstreaming as part of a multilateral lending institutions country strategy, programming, and project preparation processes
CLIMAP OVERVIEW A RETA grant funded by the Canadian Cooperation Fund for Climate Change – GHG abatement, carbon sequestration and adaptation, at US$800,000 Implementation: November 2002 – Sep 2004 Objectives: mainstreaming climate adaptation through risk reduction (AtRR) into development planning and management in selected PDMCs and ADB operations Activities: a. ADB Operations; b. Pilot activities - in two selected Pacific countries
CLIMAP OVERVIEW Two-phases Approach: Phase I (3 months) - a Stocktaking review of past and ongoing climate activities in the Pacific over the past decade Phase II (12 months) - the pilot activities undertaken at ADB Pacific Department level and at country level (FSM/Cook Islands) - underway
CLIMATE RISK ADAPTATION Evaluation and Monitoring Implementing Adaptation Mainstreaming Adaptation Undertaking Assessments Tools, Methods And Data Capacity Building Awareness Raising THE ADAPTATION THROUGH RISK REDUCTION FRAMEWORK AND PROCESS Mainstreaming Adaptation through Risk Reduction
Framework for Mainstreaming Climate Adaptation into Pacific Operations Guidelines for Adaptation Mainstreaming (GAM) Climate Profile CSP/CSPU Project Adaptation Brief (PAB) Climate Support Kit Monitoring and Evaluation Process
CLIMAP - ADB Level 1. Raise awareness for PARD staff on mainstreaming AtRR into ADB Operation 2. Provide inputs and recommendations to Country Strategy and Programming process 3. Identify projects that can incorporate AtRR 4. Identify and recommend steps toward incorporating AtRR into the project preparation process 5. Develop PARD adaptation mainstreaming guidelines
CLIMAP - ADB Level Climate Profile Pilot studies: Cook Isl., Micronesia, Fiji, Samoa, Kiribati, Tonga, Marshall Isl, Tuvalu General analysis of country climate sensitivity based on existing information in CSP/CSPU and supported by additional country climate information Identifies projects that may be potentially sensitive to expected climate impacts
CLIMAP - ADB Level PAB - Project Adaptation Brief Outlines climate risks at project level Describes the general project situation in the context of climate change and climate variability risks general adaptation measures and policies which may reduce these risks
CLIMAP - ADB Level PAB - Project Adaptation Brief Key result: A categorization of the level of climate risk of the project, either high or low The level determines the degree of climate risk assessment required during project feasibility study The assessments and evaluations are identified as draft TOR in the project proposal
The Mainstreaming Process CSP - CP Is Project sensitive to climate? YES PAB NO What is the level of climate risk? PAB with TORs PAA Project Feasibility studies LOW (PAB paper) HIGH
Climate Support Kit Comprises two sections: the information and awareness resources, and the technical advisory information and reference resources Can be used as a stand-alone reference or as part of the climate mainstreaming activities
CLIMAP -Country Level 1. Mainstreaming climate adaptation into national development planning, program, and sector policy 2. Assess an ADB funded project and one non- ADB funded project 3. Develop guidelines and manual for mainstreaming process 4. Undertake adaptive capacity development (awareness, training, and seminars) at technical and high policy making levels
CLIMAP -Country Level Six case studies (three in each of FSM and the Cook Islands) demonstrate AtRR: Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) “Climate proofing” a coastal community in Pohnpei “Climate proofing” a roading infrastructure project in Kosrae “Climate proofing” the infrastructure, human health and environment components of the National Strategic Development Plan Cook Islands “Climate proofing” the breakwater for the expanded Avatiu Harbour “Climate proofing” development inland from Avatiu Harbour, through appropriate strengthening of the Building Code, EIA regulations and procedures and health regulations “Climate proofing” the National Development Programme
Reflecting Climate Risks in Infrastructure Design and Local Level Decision Making Demonstrated by “Climate Proofing” a specific infrastructure development projects Reflecting Climate Risks in Land use Planning, Regulations and Permitting Demonstrated by “Climate Proofing” such instruments as the Building Code, EIA Regulations and Procedures, and Health Regulations Reflecting Climate Risks in National Development Planning Demonstrated by “Climate Proofing” National Strategic Development Plans Immediate, Project Level Long Term, National Level “Climate Proofed” Development Enabling Environment
CLIMAP -Country Level The Project considers the need that: all stakeholders participate in identifying and evaluating the risk-based adaptation options all information gathered are readily accessible to all relevant parties in-country capacity to replicate the risk-based approaches to adaptation in other locations adaptation to climate change is mainstreamed in development planning and other relevant activities.
EIA – CEA and Climate Adaptation CLIMAP recognizes the need to incorporate climate adaptation consideration in : ADB EIA process - in order to “climate proof” the current EIA guidelines Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) for each PDMC – to enhance adaptation mainstreaming process
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