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APES 1st Semester Jeopardy Review: Populations and Air

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1 APES 1st Semester Jeopardy Review: Populations and Air
A: Community Ecology B: Human Population C: Population Graphs & Formulas D: Climate & Biomes E: Air & Pollution F: Grab Bag 100 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 Final Jeopardy

2 Help (1) Save a duplicate of this template.
(2) Enter all answers and questions in the normal view. (view/normal) (3) Change the category headings in the normal view (view/normal) (4) View as a slideshow. (5) Use the home red button after each question. ©Norman Herr, 2003

3 A-100 ANSWER: The maximum number of individuals of a species that can be sustained indefinitely in an ecosystem QUESTION: What is carrying capacity?

4 A-200 ANSWER: pioneer species
QUESTION: What type of species initially become established where there is primary succession?

5 A-300 DAILY DOUBLE! ANSWER: forest fires, deforestation, mudslides
QUESTION: What are some conditions that would lead to secondary succession?

6 A-400 ANSWER: 3 causes of tropical deforestation
QUESTION: What are 3 of: Poverty, population growth near tropical forests, environmentally harmful govt. subsidies, agriculture (crops, animals), not valuing ecological services of forests, logging, mining, roads, fires, flooding from damming

7 B-100 ANSWER: freely available contraceptives, preferential employment, economic incentives QUESTION: What are some of the components of China’s population control program?

8 A-500 ANSWER: Commensalism, Mutualism, Keystone and Indicator
QUESTION: What are species interaction in which One specie benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefitted; Both species benefit; A species that is necessary for the well-being of an ecosystem and other species; and A species that can serve as an early warning sign of damage to the ecosystem

9 B-200 ANSWER: The most significant factor in contributing to rapid world human population growth in the last century QUESTION: What are declining death rates?

10 B-300 ANSWER: the names/descriptions of the 3 bands in age structure diagrams, and which band’s width that indicates the population growth for the near future QUESTION: What are pre-reproductive, reproductive and post-reproductive stages; and the bottom (pre-reproductive) stage?

11 B-400 ANSWER: the 2 most reliable/used indicators of overall health in a country QUESTION: What are life expectancy and infant mortality rate?

12 B-500 ANSWER: the 3 factors that best empower women to have fewer children QUESTION: What are education/literacy, a paying job outside the home, and not having their rights suppressed?

13 C-100 ANSWER: the population growth/change equation
QUESTION: What does this equation represent? (birth rate + immigration rate) – (death rate + emigration rate)

14 C-200 DAILY DOUBLE! ANSWER: The name for the equation and the equation that calculates how long it takes to double a percentage rate. QUESTION: What is the Rule of 70 and 70/% = doubling time?

15 C-300 ANSWER: the first produces a “J” curve and the second an “S” curve QUESTION: What do exponential and logistic growth curves/graphs look like?

16 C-400 ANSWER: a graphical representation population size and growth in a country QUESTION: What are age population structure diagrams (or population pyramids)?

17 C-500 ANSWER: The hypothesis/model that states as countries become industrialized, first their death rates and then their birth rates decline in four stages as their total populations increase QUESTION: What is the Demographic Transition model?

18 D-100 ANSWER: Primarily responsible for seasons on Earth
QUESTION: What is the tilt of the Earth’s axis?

19 D-200 ANSWER: upwellings QUESTION: What are cold, nutrient-rich ocean waters brought to the surface?

20 D-300 ANSWER: The 2 most important factors in determining climate of an area QUESTION: What are temperature and precipitation?

21 D-400 ANSWER: Large convection currents of air created by the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface and its rotation on its axis QUESTION: What are Hadley Cells?

22 D-500 ANSWER: El Niño QUESTION: What is the situation in which Pacific trade winds are reversed so they travel from west to east, causing a drop in the thermocline and upwelling, and a disruption of normal weather patterns worldwide?

23 E-100 ANSWER: It forms when NOx and VOCs react with sunlight
QUESTION: What is smog?

24 E-200 ANSWER: Cause of a thermal inversion
QUESTION: What is a layer (lid) of warm air on top of (trapping) a layer of cooler air below?

25 E-300 ANSWER: PM 2.5s QUESTION: What are suspended particulates small enough to be trapped in respiratory passages that they may contribute to respiratory diseases?

26 E-400 ANSWER: The main provision of the Clean Air Act
QUESTION: What Act requires the EPA to set national ambient air quality standards for air pollutants?

27 E-500 ANSWER: 2 devices used to remove particulate emissions
QUESTION: What are electrostatic precipitators and wet scrubbers?

28 F-100 ANSWER: The property that causes the atmosphere to be divided into layers QUESTION: What is temperature change?

29 F-200 DAILY DOUBLE! ANSWER: Mimicry, camouflage, flight/running away, hiding, chemicals/toxins QUESTION: What are examples of defense mechanisms some organisms use to avoid becoming prey?

30 F-300 ANSWER: Condition that creates flu-like symptoms after spending time in non-ventilated buildings QUESTION: What is sick building syndrome?

31 F-400 ANSWER: The term for buying and selling of air pollution rights (within specific limits) QUESTION: What is cap and trade (or emissions trading)?

32 F-500 ANSWER: debt-for-nature swap
QUESTION: What is payoff of a (country’s, usually) debt, not with money, but with ownership of land in that country by the entity (other country or organization) to which money is owed?

33 FINAL JEOPARDY ANSWER: 3 criticisms of the Clean Air Act
QUESTION: What are 3 of: Inadequate increases in vehicle fuel efficiency standards Inadequate measures to reduce GHG Relying on pollution cleanup rather than prevention Failure to regulate emissions from ships, airplanes, small engines, & indoor air pollutants Poor enforcement of existing regulations

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