2 DEBRIEF How did you feel at the start of the game? How did you feel when you ran out of kisses and had to quit the game? Explain.What tactics could you have used to get back into the game? Why didn’t you try those tactics?Do you think this game was fair? Why or why not? State your reasonsNow that the game is over, what action could the teacher take, if any, to make the game fair? Should the teacher take such action? Why or why not?
3 EQUAL DISTRIBUTION6. How do you feel now? Was this action fair?
10 Capitalism in the Industrial Revolution Capitalist Ideas:Progress results when people follow own self-interestBusinesses follow self-interest thru competition w/ other businesses for $$$Each producer provides goods that are better and cheaper than the competitionConsumers compete to purchase best goods at lowest pricesMarket economy aims to produce best products & lowest pricesGovernment should not interfere w/ the economyKARL MARX THOUGHT ALL OF THIS WAS VERY, VERY BAD!MARX BELIEVED THIS WAS THE CAUSE OF CLASS STRUGGLES…THE HAVES AGAINST THE HAVE-NOTSTHE BOURGEOISIE (FACTORY OWNERS/WEALTHY)VERSUSTHE PROLETARIAT(FACTORY WORKERS)
11 Three Goals of Socialism: MARX WAS A SOCIALIST…Three Goals of Socialism:1. To distribute wealth and economic opportunities equally among people2. Government controls all major decisions about production3. Public ownership of land, factories, etc.--meaning, the gov’t has a say in most economic aspects “for the good of the people.”
12 BUT TOOK IT A BIT FURTHER… Marxist Ideas:Great movements in history result from an economic class struggleThe “haves” (rich factory owners) take advantage of the “have-nots” (workers)The Industrial Revolution intensified the class struggleWorkers are exploited by ownersLabor of workers creates profits for employersThe capitalist system will eventually destroy itself. The state (gov’t) will wither away as a classless society develops
13 Communism: A Complete Form of Socialism Karl Marx:“Workers of the world, unite!”Class struggles b/t the “haves” & the “have-nots”Workers will overthrow capitalists (factory owners) in revolutionMarxism (same as communism)Communism is one class in society-- no rich or poor; communal ownership of property, no gov’tCommand economy: state owns land, natural resources, industry, banks, media, etc.Gov’t controls decisions about economyNo private property
14 Rock, Paper, Scissors Game Marxist TheoryCAPITALISMCAPITALISMTokens given out unequallyA few students had moretokens than the restCompetition in the form of the game itselfPrivate ownership of landFreedom of competitionResults in unequal economic classesCLASS STRUGGLECLASS STRUGGLEThose with few or no tokens have hard time acquiring moreOnly a few students were ableto prosper during the gameUpper class and working class struggle over wealth
15 Rock, Paper, Scissors Game Marxist TheoryRock, Paper, Scissors GameWORKERS REVOLTWORKERS REVOLTWorking class carries out plan to overtake upper classThose who did not succeed point out unfairness; want to change gameSOCIALISMSOCIALISMAlternative solutions suggested: equal distribution of tokensTeacher collects tokens and redistributes equallyGov’t owns industryGoal is to bring economic equalityAims for a classless society
16 Rock, Paper, Scissors Game Marxist TheoryRock, Paper, Scissors GameCOMMUNISMCOMMUNISMGoal of classless society achievedNo government neededInstead- Dictatorship of the ProletariatNo student had more token than anotherEveryone equally “wealthy”Teacher not needed– everyone equal
17 DISCUSS… What are some advantages of a Marxist, classless society? What are some disadvantages?What do you think peasants in Russia might have thought about Marx’s ideas?
18 CAPITALIST OR SOCIALIST? MARINA HIGH SCHOOL(socialist)A CHILD’S LEMONADE STAND(capitalist)A SOUP KITCHENGOVERNMENT HEALTH CARE FOR ALL CITIZENSSTARBUCKS