2 House of Representatives Term: 2 yearsQualifications25 years old7 years as a U.S. citizenResident of represented state
3 House of Representatives Number of representatives: 435Head of House of RepresentativesSpeaker of the HouseDecides the committees each member will serve onDecides the order in which bills will be heard
4 House of Representatives Special Powers of the House of RepresentativesAll money (appropriations) bills start hereSelect the President in an Electoral College tieWrite the article of impeachment against high ranking officials
5 Senate Term of office: 6 years Qualifications: 30 years old 9 years a citizen of the U.S.Resident of the represented state
6 Senate Number of Senators: 100 Head of the Senate: U.S. Vice President Day to day head of Senate: President Pro TemporePower: Decides committee members and order bill are debated.
7 Senate Special Powers Approves all treaties Approves all appointments Chooses the Vice President in an Electoral College tieActs as the jury in all trials of impeachment
8 Congress Both houses: Must keep a Journal: The Congressional RecordMust hold sessions at the same time:Sessions begin January 3rd each yearMust have a quorum to do business:51% of members present on the floor
9 Congress Both houses make their own rules for behavior and punishments Censure: formally reprimand, written in the recordFines and penalties may be set for some offensesExpulsion: members with gross misconduct may be thrown out of office
10 Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: Salary $147,000 per yearMedical and dental benefitsFree office, parking, and trips to home stateStaff budgetTax break on second homeFranking privilege- free postage on all mail to constituents
11 Privileges and Compensation of Congress members: Immunity or legal protection:Cannot be sued of anything they say or write while carrying out their dutiesCannot be arrested for minor offenses while Congress is in sessionMay not hold in other political office at the same time
12 Powers of Congress Raise and collect taxes Borrow money Regulate commerceSet laws for Naturalization and BankruptcyCoin MoneyPunish counterfeitingPost officeCopyrights and patentsSet up courtsDeclare warEstablish the military and National guardMake rules and allot funds for the military and National guardPunish piratesRun Washington D.C. and all federal propertyElastic clause- implied power
13 ELASTIC CLAUSEThe necessary and proper clause gives Congress the power to make laws “necessary and proper” to carry out the delegated dutiesAlso known as the ‘elastic clause’ it stretches the power given Congress
14 Powers denied Congress Congress cannot make laws concerning slave trade until 1808Cannot suspend the writ of Habeas Corpus- must show cause for holding a suspect except in wartimeNo ex post facto law- cannot punish a person for an act committed before there was a law against it.
15 Powers denied Congress No direct tax- the 16th amendment allows income taxNo tax on exportsAll states must be treated the sameCongress must approve all expenditures of the President through lawsNo titles of nobility
16 Powers denied the States Cannot coin moneyCannot have a state militia, troops, or navyCannot make treatiesNo ex post facto lawCannot suspend the Writ of Habeas CorpusNo import or export taxNo titles of nobilityCannot pass any law that the Federal government is not allowed to pass