2 UNITED PENTECOSTAL CHURCH a broad term denoting those following the “holiness” movement descended largley from the Methodist Church in the late 1800’2
3 UNITED PENTECOSTAL CHURCH "Pentecostals subscribe to a work of grace subsequent to conversion in which Spirit baptism is evidenced by glossolalia (that is, speaking in tongues)" "The occurrence of distinctively Pentecostal blessings and phenomena, baptism in the Holy Spirit with the spiritual gifts of I Corinthians 12:8-10, outside a denominational and/or confessional Pentecostal framework”(Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements)
4 THE PENTECOSTAL MOVEMENT Began in 1901 when Charles Parham a Methodist preacher in Kansas began preaching “glossolalia” or speaking in tongues as the only evidence of one having received the baptism with the Holy GhostIn 1906 William Seymour, a pupil of Charles Parham, began a massive weeks long revival in Azusa Street in Los Angeles.
5 ONENESS THEOLOGYOneness theology began to be preached by the Pentecostals in Frank Ewart stated of this message “the shot had been fired, and its sound was destined to be heard around the world, as Christendom would soon be shaken by this new doctrine”By 1916, 156 Pentecostal ministers were severed from the denomination for teaching this new doctrine from this the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World was formedBy 1945 the UPCI was formed as we have it today
6 ONENESS THEOLOGY“It is clear that the terms Father, Son, and Holy Ghost cannot imply three separate persons, personalities, wills, or beings. They can only denote different aspects or roles of one Spirit- being - the one God. They describe God's relationships to man, not persons in a Godhead. We use Father to emphasize God's roles as Creator, Father of spirits, Father of the born- again believers, and Father of the humanity of Jesus Christ. We use Son to mean both the humanity of Jesus Christ and God as He manifested Himself in the flesh for the purpose of man's salvation. We use Holy Ghost to emphasize God's active power in the world and among men, particularly His work in regeneration.”(DAVID K. BERNARD)
7 ONENESS THEOLOGY“The title of ‘Son’ sometimes focuses solely on the humanity of Christ, as in ‘the death of his Son’” (The Oneness View of Jesus Christ, p. 17 )
8 ONENESS THEOLOGY“We do not say the Father is the Son, but the Father is in the Son. For example (the Spirit) did not die, but the Son (the humanity) died.” (IBID)
9 ONENESS THEOLOGY“The Bible defines the Son of God as the child born of Mary, not as the eternal Spirit of God” (The Oneness of God, p. 98)
10 ONENESS THEOLOGY HEBREWS 1:1-13 The Son created the world (vs. 2,10; c.f. John 1:1-3)The Son is the exact representation of the nature of the Father (vs. 3, Jn 1:18; Jn 14:7,9- 10)The Son was called God by a separate and distinct entity (vs. 8)The Son, who is God, was anointed by another who is God (vs. 9; Acts 2:33-36)The person referred to as the Son is eternal (vs ; Jn 8:58)
11 ONENESS THEOLOGY HEBREWS 2:9-18 Jesus Himself - Made Lower Than The Angels (9)Jesus Himself – Suffered (9)Jesus Himself – Tasted Death (9)Jesus Himself – Is The Captain of Our Salvation (10), (cf. 1:2)Jesus Himself – Sanctifies – (11)Jesus Himself – Fully Partook Of Flesh & Blood (14)
12 ONENESS THEOLOGY HEBREWS 2:9-18 Jesus Himself – Delivered Us (15)Jesus Himself – Gives Aid to Mankind (16)Jesus Himself – Was Made Like His Brethren (17)Jesus Himself – Suffered Being Tempted (18)
13 ONENESS THEOLOGY PHILIPPIANS 2:5-9 equal - isos - to being equivalent in number, size, quality, equal (BDAG)It is a comparative term requiring two or more subjects to allow for comparisonPhil 2:7 - the one who was equal to God gave up the form of God and took on the form of a bond servantform - the attributes, prerogatives, privileges of GodWho laid aside this form? If there is only one person in the Godhead who was ruling for 33 years?
14 ONENESS THEOLOGYJOHN 16:13The Spirit was to reveal the truth of the Gospel but not by His own authority/initiativeIf He did not speak on His own initiative - whose words was He speaking??
15 BAPTISMAL FORMULA“Jesus commanded His disciples to "teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost" (Matthew 28:19). He did not command them to use these words as a formula, but He commanded them to baptize in "the name." The word name is used here in the singular, and it is the focal point of the baptismal command. The titles Father, Son, and Holy Ghost describe God's relationships to humanity and are not the supreme, saving name described here, which is Jesus. "Neither is there salvation in any other; for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved" (Acts 4:12).” ( leadership/83-why-we-baptize-in-jesus-name)
16 BAPTISMAL FORMULA“Whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him" (Colossians 3:17). Water baptism is done in both word and deed. We cannot afford to overlook this command to the church.” (UPCI – “Why We Baptize in Jesus' Name - - -The Formula for Baptism” - ula%20for%20Baptism )
17 BAPTISMAL FORMULA“When there is cause to invoke God’s name formally, such as at water baptism, which is both word and deed, this verse applies in a specific way, telling us to approach God in the name of the Lord Jesus. Just as we pray, lay hands on the sick, and cast out demons in the name of Jesus, so we should baptize in the name of Jesus.”(DAVID K. BERNARD)
18 BAPTISMAL FORMULASACRAMENTALISMIf the power is in the sacramental pronunciation of the name why were the sons of Sceva defeated? Acts 19:13-16Why didn’t Peter employ the name in raising the dead Acts 9:40What about every baptized believer before 1914?
19 BAPTISMAL FORMULALuke 24:47 - Is Jesus saying ….repentance and remission of sins should be preached in, (pronouncing) his name, (designation) among all nations,or...repentance and remission of sins should be preached in (by - epi epi) his name (authority) among all nations,and He said to them, “Thus it is written, that the Christ would suffer and rise again from the dead the third day, and that repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. (Luke 24:46–47)
20 BAPTISMAL FORMULABut “name” is singular“ … and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac” (Gen. 48:16).“ … called after the name of their brethren” (Gen. 48:6).“… make no mention of the name of other gods” (Ex. 23:13).“ … neither make mention of the name of their gods,” (Josh. 23:7).“Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, (Matthew 28:19)
21 BAPTISMAL FORMULARev., correctly, "into the name." Baptizing into the name has a twofold meaning. 1. Unto, denoting object or purpose, as εἰς μετάνοιαν, unto repentance (Matthew 3:11); εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν, for the remission of sins (Acts 2:38). 2. Into, denoting union or communion with, as Romans 6:3, "baptized into Christ Jesus; into his death;" i.e., we are brought by baptism into fellowship with his death. Baptizing into the name of the Holy Trinity implies a spiritual and mystical union with him. Eἰς, into, is the preposition commonly used with baptize. See Acts 8:16; 19:3, 5; 1 Corinthians 1:13, 15; 10:2; Galatians 3:27. (Vincent)“Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, (Matthew 28:19)
22 BAPTISMAL FORMULAIn Acts 2:38, however, Peter says, "Be baptized upon (ἐπὶ) the name of Jesus Christ; and in Acts 10:48, he commands Cornelius and his friends to be baptized in (ἐν) the name of the Lord The name, as in the Lord's Prayer ("Hallowed be thy name"), is the expression of the sum total of the divine Being: not his designation as God or Lord, but the formula in which all his attributes and characteristics are summed up. It is equivalent to his person When one is baptized into the name of the Trinity, he professes to acknowledge and appropriate God in all that he is and in all that he does for man . . .(Vincent)“Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, (Matthew 28:19)
23 BAPTISMAL FORMULAPeter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (Acts 2:38)and that repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. (Luke 24:47)“Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, (Matthew 28:19)
24 DENIES THE INCARNATION DESTROYING THE FAITHDENIES THE INCARNATION“Do the prayers of Christ indicate a distinction of persons between Jesus and the Father? No. On the contrary, His praying indicates a distinction between the Son of God and God. Jesus prayed in his humanity, not in His deity”(David K. Bernard)
25 DENIES THE INCARNATION DESTROYING THE FAITHDENIES THE INCARNATION“The death of Jesus is a particularly good example. His divine Spirit did not die, but His human body did. We cannot say that God died, so we cannot say ‘God, the Son died. On the other hand, we can say that the Son of God died because ‘Son’ refers to humanity”(David K. Bernard)
26 DENIES THE INCARNATION DESTROYING THE FAITHDENIES THE INCARNATIONThe appeal to a sacramental pronunciation places faith in a statement made by a preacher rather than in the Lord The failure to recognize the work of the Father and the Holy Spirit prevents faith in the working of GodFailing to accept the fact that Jesus (God) was truly incarnate (became flesh) denies the salvific aspect of the incarnation Failing to recognize that Jesus (God) died denies the redemptive aspect of the cross