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Feudalism Western Europe & Japan

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1 Feudalism Western Europe & Japan

2 4-5th C- Invasions and fall of Rome 6-7th C- constant warfare
Comparative Timeline Comparative Timeline EUROPE Early Middle Ages: 4-5th C- Invasions and fall of Rome 6-7th C- constant warfare 751- Pepin crowned king of Franks; 768- Charlemagne inherits Frank kingdom 804- Saxons convert to Christianity; 814: Charlemagne dies 843- Treaty of Verdun divides Frankish kingdom founds kingdoms of France & Germany Age of Feudalism (Chivalry): High to Late Middle Ages *1066-William the Conqueror enters England * Song of Roland Renaissance (1300s- 1500s) (Humanism & Advancements) Reformation & Counter Reformation Black Death *1347:plague spreads from Asia to Europe Age of Exploration *1492-Columbus sails *1549-St. Francis arrives in Japan *1616- Shakespeare dies *c1650-Mercantile economy dominates Europe Growth of monarchy Clashes between church and monarchs Crusades ( ) JAPAN Heian Period Golden Age of Lit. ( ) * Fujiwara family holds most important gov Positions *Tale of Genji Kamakura Period Early Feudalism ( ) Ashikaga or Muromachi Period ( ) Development of Haiku & No (Noh) Momoyama ( ) Tokugawa Period Late Feudalism ( ) Shogunate Period *1274 & Monguls invade Japan but fought off * Onin Civil War; Kyoto destroyed in fighting *1600s: Japan forbids teaching of Christianity, expels missionaries, executes converts *1603- Tokugawa Ieyasu named Shogun *early 1700s- Kabuki & puppet plays popular in urban settings Intellectual Revival

3 Comparison of Feudalism in Europe and Japan
Europe Japan Nobility king, lord, lesser lord emperor, shogun, daimyo Warriors knights samurai Code of conduct chivalry bushido Evolution Both practices developed in response to the need for security and stability everyone had well-defined social roles helped preserve law and order

4 European Feudal Structure
Monarch (King) Nobles (Lords) Vassals (Lesser Lords) Knights Serfs & Townspeople


6 Comparison of Warrior Classes
Japanese Samurai European Knights

7 Feudal Japan 1. Samurai 2. Loyalty 3. Bravery, honor 4
Feudal Japan 1. Samurai 2. Loyalty 3. Bravery, honor 4. Lord-vassal relationship 5. Family lineage important Feudal Europe 1. Knights 2. Loyalty 3. Bravery, honor 4. Lord-vassal relationship 5. Family lineage important Similarities between Warrior Classes

8 Differences Between Warrior Classes
Samurai: 1. Seppuku or hari-kari; stoic acceptance of death 2. Lord-vassal relationship based on moral code 3. Any son or adopted son was heir 4. Women should have a samurai attitude - be tough 5. Interest in the arts and learning Knights: 1. Survival, death as glory limited to the Crusades 2. Lord-vassal relationship based on legal code 3. Only firstborn son was heir 4. Cult of chivalry - women put on pedestal as fragile, inferior beings 5. Some contempt shown for arts and learning

9 Characteristics of Tokugawa 1600s
Strong centralized government under emperor-shogun Period of stability & peace Rigid social structure Closed country to westerners Economic prosperity Wealthy merchant class Cultural advancements in arts: kabuki, haiku, No(h) theater Tokugawa Ieyasu Founder of Tokugawa Shogunate

10 The Shogunate issued explicit orders which defined the proper conduct for each of the classes:
One was ideally expected to be born into and die in the same social position held by one's parents. Adherence to the doctrine of hierarchy was so strict that families were made to post their hereditary lineage outside their homes.

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