# Intermediate Robotics Getting to the Next Level Guiding Question: How might I move the robot consistently, accurately, and predictably? –Review basics.

## Presentation on theme: "Intermediate Robotics Getting to the Next Level Guiding Question: How might I move the robot consistently, accurately, and predictably? –Review basics."— Presentation transcript:

Intermediate Robotics Getting to the Next Level Guiding Question: How might I move the robot consistently, accurately, and predictably? –Review basics (consistent x-y movement) –Reference Points (mechanical stops, sensors) –Videos (examples) –Programming WAIT block (simple sensors) Loop/Switch blocks Advanced blocks (Motor/Sensor/Math/etc.) MY Blocks

Reminder KIDS DO THE WORK!!! Encourage kids to ask questions, do research, experiment, discuss observations, etc. Mentor with questions Use simple exercises to demo key concepts/programming skills Have fun!!!

BOT BASICS (NXT Curriculum) Bot calibration –5 rotation test n = D/C –360° test n = (A/360)(2πd/C) Initial Placement – X - Y position – angle Mission mapping

Reference Points Final position error depends upon: – initial placement (x, y, angle) – distance/angle measurements – bot calibration Problem: long distances, multiple turns lead to large final position errors

2011 FLL Table

Angle Errors 2 Degrees Left 2 Degrees Right Error = ± 1.5 @ 50

Positional Error Reduction Solution: identify intermediate reference points (keep MOVE distances short) Use: - mechanical stops (walls, other) - sensors

Demo Videos (identifying reference points) 2011 SRES FLL - Supai Youtube (253 pts) ASU BEST Mohave Robotics Club

Simple Sensors WAIT blocks (ultrasonic, light, sound, touch) Basic operation: move unlimited until sensor is triggered and stop SENSOR ISSUES: placement on bot limitations

Challenges/Exercises (WAIT Blocks) closest to the wall using ultrasonic – limitations??? find a line (find multiple lines) –light sensor needs calibration –color sensor (no calibration FLL challenges –FLL table (issues??) –FLL/Avnet challenges

Discussion Learning??

Moving with LOOP Block (vs WAIT Block) Sensors (ultrasonic) Logic

Moving with LOOP Block II Multiple Sensors (with COMPARE block)

Line Following (LOOP/SWITCH/SENSOR BLOCKS)

Challenges follow a line (or find a line and follow it) use touch sensor to square up to a wall FLL challenges (i.e. pill push) FLL table challenges

Discussion Learning??

11/13/2013 Advanced Programming - Tony Ayad 17 VARIABLE block The variable block is a bucket where you can store information and retrieve it at a later time. There are three types: Number, Text, and Logic MATH block The math block allows the addition, subtraction, division or multiplication of two numbers. COMPARE block The compare allows you to determine if one number is greater than, less than or equal to another number. Input Output Output (True or False) Input Advanced Blocks

VARIABLES – how to create your own variables To create your own variables 1. Select File Menu and "Define Variables" option 2. Type the name of the variable, then select its type. 11/13/2013 Advanced Programming - Tony Ayad 18

Data Hubs and Data Wires Data Hub is another way of providing input data into a Block. Most blocks have a tab at the bottom and when clicked the block expands to show its data "hubs" The MOVE block has are several data hubs that correspond to its input fields Data wires connect data hubs; you create a data wire by drawing it out of a blocks data hub. 11/13/2013 Advanced Programming - Tony Ayad 19 Power Direction Duration degrees Next Action (brake or coast) Steering Left Motor Right Motor Other Motor Data Wire

Move Input Distance I (Variable & Math Blocks, Wiring) Input distance Convert distance to degrees & Input to MOVE block

Distance-Power Example II (Variable & Math Blocks, Wiring)

MY Blocks Condenses multiple blocks to a single block (a sub-routine) multiple use of same coding sequence reduces memory needed

MY Block Example Select blocks

Create MY Block

Name Variables in MY Block Name Values

Before After

MY Block Use Use for repeated operations –find a line –line following –etc. Include variables into MY blocks (repeated operations with different parameters) Where ever

SCC Avnet Competition Tasks (located at trigger points): - raise flag - pill push - grab Trophy Complete course Issues: Line Geometry/Trigger Points are NOT predefined

SCC Avnet TechGames Show program build Show videos

Exercises Create a MY Block –follow line & find trigger points –design your own challenge Create MY block with 1 or more variables –follow line & use variable distance ultrasonic –design your own challenge

Reminder KIDS DO THE WORK!!! Encourage kids to ask questions, do research, experiment, discuss observations, etc. Mentor with questions Use simple exercises to demo key concepts/programming skills Have fun!!!

Info Sources http://engineering.asu.edu/k12outreach/fll/coaches –NXT Programs = Robot Building Instructions –Oregon FLL Video NXT Tutorial –Introductory Robotics Curriculum –Intermediate Robotics Instruction Youtube.com (NXT programming) books –Kelly, James LEGO MINDSTORMS NXT-G Programming Guide

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