4 B E E R & H E A L T HThis presentation covers some information about Beer and its Health benefits often not known about this beverage, despiteIt has nourished and comforted Homo sapiens for millenniums in a safe manner and has been part of the daily food intake.
5 B E E R & H E A L T HThis beverage - Beer - is best know to all for being a most enjoyable and fascinating drink of moderation, andMany people are not aware that while imbibing beer actually they benefit their health through some of the components present in beer.
6 Beer & Health B E E R & H E A L T H What is Beer?? Water, malted barley, hops, yeast, corn, etc…The ingredients used to brew beer:Beer is about 90-92% water.Malted barley is the soul of beerHops add spicy aroma and bitter flavorsYeast changes sugars into alcoholCorn and other adjuncts give beer a milder and lighter-bodied flavor
8 B E E R - Does it really make you fat?? You will not get fat from imbibing beer!!!Fast comparison 12 oz regular beer, skim milk, soft drink or 2 glasses of red wine:Beer: calSkim Milk: cal2% milk: calSoft drink: calRed wine: cal
9 B E E R & H E A L T H Product Type Carbohydrates: Beers Gram/355 mL ServingsAmerican LagerPremium American Lager13.3Light American LagerNon-Alcohol BeerAmber LagerAmerican Pale AleStoutBarley Wine24.6Other productsGramsCup of Cornflakes (28 G)24Slice of Bread (25 G)13Medium size Apple (138 G)19teaspoon of sugar (4.2 G)4.2
10 Is it time for a Beer - now?? B E E R & H E A L T HIs it time for a Beer - now??
11 B E E R & H E A L T H Why is Beer HEALTHY?? Let’s look at some of the research results documented pertaining to Beer & Health:Fiber:3 beers a day contains 20% of your daily requirementKidneys:1 beer a day can reduce the risk of kidney stone formation by 40%Protein:3 beers a day covers 10% of your daily needs
12 B Vitamins in Beer and Wine (in % of daily recommended intake/drink) B E E R & H E A L T HB Vitamins in Beer and Wine(in % of daily recommended intake/drink)Beverage Beer Red WineNiacin (B3) 16% 1%Riboflavin (B2) 17% 2%Pyrodoxine (B6) 17% 2%Folate (B9) % 0.5%Panthothen acid (B5) 8% 1%Biotin (B7 ) 17% 1%
13 Osteoporosis or low bone mineral density: B E E R & H E A L T HOsteoporosis or low bone mineral density:Beer is best source of Silicon in dietLink between beer consumption and healthy bones?SILICONNew research suggest Silicon is important for the formation of strong bone mineral densityAids in the prevention of Osteoporosis
14 Rank Food Source Contribution% ±% B E E R & H E A L T HMajor food sources of Silicon in the diet for men in theFarmington USA Offspring CohortRank Food Source Contribution% ±%1 Beer 17,2 Bananas3 White Bread4 Cold Cereal5 Coffee6 Beans & Lentils
15 FOLIC ACID (Vitamin B9) Equivalent Comparison B E E R & H E A L T HDid you know that Beer containsFOLIC ACID (Vitamin B9) Equivalent ComparisonFood Source AmountBeer 1LTomatoes 300 GPotatoes 150 GMilk 1LBroccoli 50G
16 B E E R & H E A L T HUnderlying factor against coronary heart-diseases by folic acid is homocysteineHigh contents of homocysteine is associated with an increased risk for coronary heart-diseasesBeer contributes about 10% to the daily folic acid assimilationModerate beer consumption is therefore promoted according to medical studies1 L (3 beers) a day had a very positive effect on the homocysteine contents in the blood
17 Antioxidative Properties of HOPS Assist against Oxidative processes B E E R & H E A L T HAntioxidative Properties of HOPSFlavanoidsChalconesPolyphenolsCathechinesAssist against Oxidative processesCancerArteriosclerosisAlzheimer’sParkinsons’s Disease
18 Antioxidative Properties of Beer B E E R & H E A L T HAntioxidative Properties of BeerWhat do they do?Reactive oxides constantly originates newChange cell structureDenature proteinsProvoke carcinogenic changes of the Nucleic AcidsFunction as a BufferIn Beers the Phenolic compounds arePhenol Carbon AcidsFlavonoidsTannoids
19 B E E R & H E A L T H HOPEIN: Mammary cancers Uterine cancer Beer is equivalent to wine as regards to wine in antioxidative capacityBioactive substance in beer is prelynated flavonoidsXanthohumol is the one of 20 compounds most active component known up to nowHopein - 8-prenylnaringenin is interesting candidate alsoChemopreventive effect of prenylated flavonoids is most distinct against hormone caused cancers such asMammary cancersUterine cancerProstate cancerContents in Beer: Between 0-21µ/L depending on Hopping
21 B E E R & H E A L T H Xanthohumol Prevent development of metastasesPreventive effect during all stages of cancer development from the state of emergence to proliferate increaseSuppressed development of cancer in mammary glandsCompared to resveratrol, known from red wine, with the Xanthohumol the effect could be multiplied about 200 times
22 B E E R & H E A L T HWhen totality of evidence is considered, today’s results are well in accordance with the idea that moderate alcohol consumption protects heart and increases longitivity
23 B E E R & H E A L T HAlcohol consumption is related to total mortality in a U-shaped manner, where moderate consumers have reduced mortality with total non-consumers and heavy consumersPositive results are seen by moderate and regular consumption of alcohol, that is 1-3 drinks per dayPeople with moderate alcohol consumption are healthier and live longer than people who are abstinent or people drinking excessivelyReduced risk of stroke, heart disease, high blood pressure, Alzheimer’s disease, and a reduction in the risk of kidney stone formationAbstainers are in the same risk group as people drinking 5-6 drinks a day
24 B E E R & H E A L T HA health promoting dose of beer is regarded as being 1 L/day for men and ½ L/day for women (resp. 40 and 20 G of alcohol)Increases longevity (reduction in mortality 10-20%)Improves quality of life by reducing cardiovascular risk factors:Lowering harmful LDL-Cholesterol levelsRaising the protective HDL-cholesterolLowering raised blood pressureNeutral in terms of weight (beer is low in calories)Reducing hyperhomocysteinemia risk factorFavorable effect on blood sugar levelsRegulating oestrogen deficiency in womenStress reduction (no spasms of coronary vessels)
25 B E E R & H E A L T H The above factors lead to a reduction in Coronary diseases of 30-60%Myocardial infractions of 20-40%Strokes on average 20%Apart from alcohol, Beer contains a whole series of components, valuable from a medical standpoint, which contributes to healthBeer is the only alcoholic beverage containing HOPS
26 B E E R & H E A L T HApart from an equilibrating effect on the psyche, hops also contributes many polyphenols (e.g. Xanthohumol), whichVasculoprotectiveAnti-inflammatoryAnti-allergicPromote resistance to infectionsProtect against cancer and free radicals (anti-oxidative effect)Augmented by important mineral substances (Magnesium, Potassium), trace elements, and vitamins (A,D,E,K) and B vitamims (“nerve food”) contained in BeerBeer is isoosmotic to blood, these components pass directly into blood streams
27 B E E R & H E A L T HWine contains twice the amount of alcohol compared to Beer so that the toxic dose is reached fasterIn addition to the moderate alcohol content Beer can be tolerated much better due to its favorable pH valueBioavailability of compounds present in Beer in a balanced quantity in terms of nutritional physiology, makes it more effective than other beverages (fruit juices, wines)
28 B E E R & H E A L T HBeer consumed with meals increases enjoyment and promotes digestion:Stimulates appetiteActivates digestive glandsStimulate acid productionReducing colonisation of the stomach with Helicobacter Pylori (“the Ulcer Bug”, which causes reflux, gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulcers and stomach cancer)Regulate gastro-intestinal movements, improving resorption, increase blood circulation, raisin bile secretion thus protecting from gall stonesBeer is low in Purine thus act as a prophylactic against kidney stones due to its diuretic effect
29 B E E R & H E A L T HBeer strengthen the immune system (bactericidal and virucidal characteristics) helps prevent infections and slows the ageing processIncrease in bone density protects against OsteoporosisBeers effect on Psyche are many, such asPreservation of mental freshnessIncrease in mental capabilitiesEnhanced creativity and fantasyEuphorising and anxiolyticImprovement of responsiveness and reaction to external stimulation through reduction of stress as well asAnti-depressive
30 B E E R & H E A L T H Did you know that: Athletes drink on average more beer than non-athletes.That 92% of top athletes who drink beer will drink beer the evening before an event and 52% after an event.Marathon runners claim that beer is the only drink they can tolerate after running
31 B E E R & H E A L T H The reasons: After sportive strain the blood sugar level decreases, the lactic acid content increases, the blood pH drops.Water:If drinking water after exercise the blood sugar levels stays low even after 25 min’s of recovery, lactic acid levels drops and pH increases.Blood can link a lot of Oxygen, but can only release a little.The bases buffer system goes up
32 B E E R & H E A L T H The reasons: After sportive strain the blood sugar level decreases, the lactic acid content increases, the blood pH drops.BEER:Beer (alcohol free or regular) in low amount ~25 cLBlood sugar level is elevated significantlyLactic acid level has droppedpH is less elevatedThe bases buffer system is less increasedOxygen transfer between blood and tissue is facilitatedAccelerate muscle regeneration after exercise recognizably
33 Research Confirming Beneficial Effect of Beer B E E R & H E A L T HResearch Confirming Beneficial Effect of BeerProfessor Hoffmeister has calculated, that if European beer drinkers stopped drinking there would be:an increase in cardiovascular diseasea decrease in life expectancy of about 2 yearsa decrease in general happiness
34 B E E R & H E A L T H Some of the Key Points Beer is the oldest beverage in the worldBeer has culture and traditionBeer has positive effects onPhysical wellbeingPsychological wellbeingSocial wellbeingIt is thus recommended for adults (18+) to enjoy Beer on a regularly (daily) basis.Due to its alcohol content it is not recommended for people addicted to alcohol, with intake of certain medicine, driving and operating machinery, etc.
35 B E E R & H E A L T H In Summary Beer is healthy Beer is good for you Beer adds value to your healthBeer is actually cheapBeer with deeper brown color and higher hop contents are healthierBeer is fun and with so many flavors (more than wine)
37 B E E R & H E A L T H Literature References (1 of 3): Bamforth, C.W., Beer Health and Nutrition Blackwell Science Ltd. ISBNWalker, C. and Baxter, E.D., Health-Promoting Ingredients in Beer. MBAA Tech. Quart. 2000, 37 (2),Schwartz, P. and Gordon, D. Carbohydrates in Beer- The Facts. The New Brewer 2004, 21 (2),Glaser, G., You’re better off with Beer. Beer and your health. All About Beer 2002, 23 (3),U.S. Brews & Wort Report. Lower your cholesterol … with BeerWalker, C., The Glycaemic Index of Beer. The Brewer & Distiller 2006, 2 (9),40-41.MolsonCoors., Our Brews – Nutrition.Dickie, K. and Walker, C., Beer and healthy bones. The Brewer International 2003, 3 (2), 56.Keukeleire, D.D., Beer, hops and health benefits. Scandinavian Brewers’ Review (2),Keukeleire, D.D., Milligan, S.R., Cooman, l.c. and Heyerick, A., Hop-derived phytoestrogens in Beer. Proceedings of the European Convention Congress, Maasricht, 1997,Walker, C.J, Is beer good for your heart? Brauwelt 2001, 19 (2),CMBC. The Benefits of Moderate Beer Consumption. The New Brewer 2003, 20 (6),European Brewers’ Organization CMBC. Recent findings on beer and health. Brauwelt International 2001, 19 (5),Fauber, J., Dark Beer nay be better for your hart, study finds.Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.The Danish Brewers’ Association. Health and Social Benefits of Beer in Moderation.. Seminar of the Nordic Brewing Industry, Copenhagen 2001, August.Walker, C., Beer, sweat and cheers in Austria. The Brewer International 2003, 3 (9),Bayerischer Brauerbund.Beer is healthy…. Brauwelt International 2004, 22 (6),Ricken, K.-H., Beer and Health. Brauwelt International 2003, 21 (2),The Danish Brewers’ Association Brochure Tal fra Bryggeriforeningen.Bottom Line’s/Daily Health News. Raise a Glass to Beer , January 20.
38 B E E R & H E A L T H Literature References ( 2 of 3): Probrewer, Beer News. Hoppier Beer Healthier , October 26Kondo, K. and Arimoto. Beer helps prevent Cancer. Pharmaceutical Society of JapanBiendl, M. and Walker, C., The Effects of Stout and Porter Brewing Technonlogy on Levels of the Hop Compund, Xanthohumol. Scandinavian Brewers’ Review (4),Walker, C. and Lence, C.F., Investigation into the high levels of xanthohumol found in Stout and Porter-style beers.Brauwelt International 2004, 22 (2),Biendl, M. Estrogenic activity of hop components. Brauwelt International, 2004, 22 (1),Donne, P., Educating the Customer – Take some responsibility! Beverage Analyst, 2004 April, 46-47Reference Carbodydrates. The New Brewer 2004, 21 (2),E-Malt.com News Article. The first gluten-free full malt beer in the world comes from Laitila.2005, October 04.Berge, A.. Cholesterol-lowering beer enters US market.NZ News 2005, January 03.Parker, D., Food and beer – a natural choice. The Brewer International 2004, 4 (10),Lewis, Michael J., Celiac Disease, Beer , and Brewing. MBAA Tech. Quart. 2005, 42 (1),Anheuser-Busch. Anheuser-Busch Refutes Diet Claim. NZ News 2004, April 23.Doreen, J.C., NIH Researcher: Moderate Alcohol Use Has Health Benefits. Dow Jones Newswires 2004., June 17.USA – Today. Heart Disease. USA Today 2004, May 28-30, p. 8.Pietschmann-Keck, M. and Gerstenberg, H., Hop testing in the context of food safety control. Brauwelt International, 2004, 22 (1),Luntz, P.. There’s more to a good Drink. The Health Benefits of Moderate Alcohol Consumption. Colorado Beverage Analyst. 2004, April, 20-22, 24.RealAge Tip of the Day, Cheers for Beer. RealAge Web site July 21, 2000.Szabo, L., What good is alcohol. USA Today, 2004, September 27.Moen, Alan., Driving to Drink- a Challenge for Brewers.The New Brewer 2003, 20 (6),Brooks, Jay R. Gluten-free Beer: The next Big little thing. The New Brewer 2007, 24 (1),
39 B E E R & H E A L T H Literature References ( 3 of 3): Rutherford, E. Beer to your Health. The New Brewer 2007, 24 (1),Beer and Health. The Benefits of Moderate Beer Consumption. The Brewers of Europe 2004The Effects of Moderate Beer Consumption. 4th Edition5th European Beer and Health Symposium,European Symposium. Reducing Alcohol Related HarmHoffmeister, H., Schelp, F-P, Mensick, GBM et al., The relationship between alcohol consumption, health indicators and mortality in the German population. International Journal of Epidemiology, 1999, 28 (6),Brændgaard Mikkelsen, Per. Øl og sundhed - en ernæringsfaglig rapport. The Danish Brewers’ Association - BryggeriforeningenCasey, T. and Bamforth, C., The Origin and Transfer of Silicon in Beer. MBAA Tech. Quart. 2008, 45 (2), 141.Sass, M., Measurable Health Concepts from Wild. Scandinavian Brewers’ Review (4), 36 – 39.Sung., Zen and the art of drinking beer. Blog posted onKonnopka, A.,Effects of Moderate Alcohol Consumption. Value in Health, 2009, 12 (2).Krofta, K., Mikyska, A. and Haskova, D., Antioxidant Characteristic of Hops and Hop Products. J. Inst. Brew 2008, 114 (2),Biendl, M., Hops and Health. MBAA Tech. Quart. 2008, 45 (2), 141.Mitchell, M., Beer and health: The latest facts. MBAA Tech. Quart. 2008, 45 (2), 135.Ogbonna, A.C., Beer and Health: A Review. MBAA Tech. Quart , TQ