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Enhancing Food Safety Culture to Reduce Rates of Foodborne Illness

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Presentation on theme: "Enhancing Food Safety Culture to Reduce Rates of Foodborne Illness"— Presentation transcript:

1 Enhancing Food Safety Culture to Reduce Rates of Foodborne Illness
Dr. Ben Chapman Food safety extension specialist Dept of 4-H Youth Dev and FCS North Carolina State University



4 Food safety culture The aggregation of the prevailing, relatively constant, learned, shared attitudes, values and beliefs contributing to the hygiene behaviors used within a particular food handling environment Griffith (2010)

5 Food safety culture It is a set of shared attitudes, values and beliefs around food safety Production/sources Handling/storage Preparation You can have a good food safety culture or a bad one

6 Impact of actions Travis Cudney 2010 Champion Child Blind since age 2
Complications from a pathogenic E. coli infection 6

7 Food safety culture Maintaining a food safety culture means:
Operators and staff know the risks associated with the products or meals they produce Know why managing the risks is important Can effectively manage those risks Demonstrable

8 Fat Duck norovirus, England, 2009
Run by celebrity chef Heston Blumenthal Voluntarily closed restaurant in Feb. 2009 Originally said it wasn’t food, but an airborne virus UK Health Protection Agency reported in Sept. 2009, 529 patrons ill with norovirus in January and February 2009 source was likely contaminated shellfish, including oysters that were served raw

9 Fat Duck Delayed response to the incident
Used inappropriate environmental cleaning products Staff working when ill up to 16 of the restaurant’s food handlers were reportedly working with norovirus symptoms before it was voluntarily closed

10 Food safety culture Yiannas (2009) Culture not program It is a choice
Leaders own the program Talk about consequences Provide consequences


12 Maple Leaf Foods, Canada 2008
Listeria monocytogenes-contaminated deli meats caused 57 illnesses and 23 deaths contamination source was commercial meat slicers that had meat residue trapped deep inside the slicing mechanisms textbook risk communication, lousy risk management delay in warning the public

13 Maple Leaf Listeria review
Focus on food safety was insufficient among senior management at company and government Insufficient planning for a potential outbreak; Those involved lacked a sense of urgency at the outset of the outbreak Weatherill (2009) specifically identified the need for cultures of food safety at food processing companies, calling for ”actions, not words”

14 Cultural factors influencing food safety performance
Griffith, Livesey & Clayton (2010) Leadership Food safety management systems and style Commitment to food safety Food safety environment Risk perception Communication

15 Maple Leaf – try harder Provide a chronological accounting of the outbreak Warning labels to packages of ready-to-eat meats for persons at high risk for listeriosis Testing results?


17 Marketing food safety culture
Production Distribution Retail/ foodservice Consumers Customer feedback

18 We know from the literature and our studies
Time is a factor in the kitchen Learning in the kitchen is visual Kitchen environment is based around a team Generic prescriptive information is lost Storytelling/current affairs in the environment is prevalent Recent story and rumors about local outbreaks can be a hot topic

19 Things to concentrate on
What are the barriers/roadblocks in your firm? Provide tools/resources Asking questions from vendors about their practices have a system to know what the right answers are. Share the food safety values are with all staff And when you get good at it (or if you already are), market it

20 Know the risks What products do you serve have been historically linked to foodborne illness outbreaks? Know what factors led to the illnesses

21 Food safety culture Relatively easy (or should be) to define poor food safety culture More difficult to enact a good one Griffith; Yiannas; Powell and Chapman More will come

22 External and internal Demonstrate to their staff and customers that:
they are aware of current food safety issues learn from others’ mistakes food safety is important within the organization

23 Dr. Ben Chapman Follow me on

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