# Objective Apply the formula for midpoint.

## Presentation on theme: "Objective Apply the formula for midpoint."— Presentation transcript:

Objective Apply the formula for midpoint.
Use the distance formula to find the distance between two points.

Vocabulary midpoint

In Lesson 5-4, you used the coordinates of points to determine the slope of lines. You can also use coordinates to determine the midpoint of a line segment on the coordinate plane. The midpoint of a line segment is the point that divides the segment into two congruent segments. Congruent segments are segments that have the same length. You can find the midpoint of a segment by using the coordinates of its endpoints. Calculate the average of the x-coordinates and the average of the y-coordinates of the endpoints.

Additional Example 1: Finding the Coordinates of a Midpoint
Find the coordinates of the midpoint of GH with endpoints G(–4, 3) and H(6, –2). Write the formula. G(–4, 3) Substitute. H(6, -2) Simplify.

Check It Out! Example 1 Find the coordinates of the midpoint of EF with endpoints E(–2, 3) and F(5, –3). Write the formula. E(–2, 3) Substitute. F(5, –3) Simplify.

Additional Example 2: Finding the Coordinates of an Endpoint
P is the midpoint of NQ. N has coordinates (–5, 4), and P has coordinates (–1, 3). Find the coordinates of Q. Step 1 Let the coordinates of P equal (x, y). Step 2 Use the Midpoint Formula.

Step 3 Find the x-coordinate. Find the y-coordinate. Set the coordinates equal. Multiply both sides by 2. –2 = –5 + x Simplify. 6 = 4 + y Isolate the variables. −4 −4 3 = x Simplify. 2 = y

The coordinates of Q are (3, 2). Check Graph points Q and N and midpoint P. N (–5, 4) P(–1, 3) Q (3, 2)

Check It Out! Example 2 S is the midpoint of RT. R has coordinates (–6, –1), and S has coordinates (–1, 1) . Find the coordinates of T. Step 1 Let the coordinates of T equal (x, y) . Step 2 Use the Midpoint Formula.

Check It Out! Example 2 Continued
Step 3 Find the x-coordinate. Find the y-coordinate. Set the coordinates equal. Multiply both sides by 2. –2 = –6 + x Simplify. 2 = –1 + y Isolate the variables. 4 = x Simplify. 3 = y

Check It Out! Example 2 Continued
The coordinates of T are (4, 3) Check Graph points R and S and midpoint T. T(4, 3) S(–1, 1) R(–6, –1)

You can also use coordinates to find the distance between two points or the length of a line segment. To find the length of segment PQ, draw a horizontal segment from P and a vertical segment from Q to form a right triangle.

The Pythagorean Theorem states that if a right triangle has legs of lengths a and b and a hypotenuse of length c, then a2 + b2 = c2. Remember!

Additional Example 3: Finding Distance in the Coordinate Plane
Use the Distance Formula to find the distance, to the nearest hundredth, from A(–2, –2) to B(4, 3). Distance Formula Substitute (4, –2) for (x1, y1) and (3, –2) for (x2, y2). Subtract. Simplify powers. Add. Find the square root to the nearest hundredth.

Use the Distance Formula to find the distance, to the nearest hundredth, from A(–2, –2) to B(4, 3). 6 B (4, 3) 5 A (–2, –2)

Check It Out! Example 3 Use the Distance Formula to find the distance, to the nearest tenth, from R(3, 2) to S(–3, –1). Distance Formula Substitute (3, 2) for (x1, y1) and (-3, -1) for (x2, y2). Add. Simplify powers. Add. Find the square root to the nearest hundredth.

Check It Out! Example 3 Continued
Use the Distance Formula to find the distance, to the nearest tenth, from R(3, 2) to S(–3, –1). R(3, 2) 6 3 S(–3, –1)