Presentation on theme: "Reading Body Language Skip Intro Next Quit Site Map."— Presentation transcript:
Reading Body Language Skip Intro Next Quit Site Map
Intro B y a man's fingernails, by his coat-sleeve, by his boots, by his trouser-knees, by the calluses of his forefinger and thumb, by his expression, by his shirt-cuffs, by his movements- by each of these things a man's calling is plainly revealed. That all united should fail to enlighten the competent enquirer in any case is almost inconceivable. SHERLOCK HOLMES, 1892 E very day people around you people are communicating their true thoughts and feelings without ever saying a word. The ability to work out what is really happening with a person is simple - not easy, but simple. It's about matching what you see and hear in the environment in which it all happens and drawing probable conclusions. Most people, however, only see the things they think they are seeing. This is contrary to the fact that non-verbal communication makes up 55% of what our words convey every day. The remaining percentages are 7% vocabulary and 38% vocal (tone of voice, inflection, and other sounds). This is why it is difficult to tell when non- familiar strangers are being dishonest with us when we cannot see their body language. The human body reveals what peoples real thoughts are even when their words say otherwise! Quit IntroMain MenuNextSite Map Back
Commercialization of Body Language S ilent movie actors like Charlie Chaplin were the pioneers of body language skills, as this was the only means of communication available on the screen. Each actor's skill was classed as good or bad by the extent to which he could use gestures and body signals to communicate to the audience. When talking films became popular and less emphasis was placed on the non-verbal aspects of acting, many silent movie actors faded into obscurity and only those with good verbal and non-verbal skills survived. A s far as the academic study of body language goes, perhaps the most influential pre-twentieth-century work was Charles Darwin's The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, published in 1872, but this work tended to be read mainly by academics. However, it spawned the modern studies of facial expressions and body language, and many of Darwin's ideas and observations have since been validated by researchers around the world. Since that time, researchers have noted and recorded almost a million non-verbal cues and signals. B y studying the language of the body, individuals are able to decipher what others are not telling them which could change the world! Quit IntroMain MenuSite MapNext Back
Menu Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map Back Upper Limbs Head Greetings Lower Limbs Main Menu
Quit IntroMain Menu Site Map T itle Screen I ntro One I ntro Two U pper Limbs H ead G reetings M ain Menu L ower Limbs A rms E yes M outh K issing H ands L inks
Head S miling and laughing are universally considered to be signals that show a person is happy. We cry at birth, begin smiling at five weeks and laughing starts between the fourth and fifth months. Babies quickly learn that crying gets our attention -and that smiling keeps us there. In humans, smiling tells another person you are non-threatening and asks them to accept you on a personal level. Lack of smiling explains why many dominant individuals, such as Vladimir Putin, James Cagney, Clint Eastwood, Margaret Thatcher and Charles Bronson, always seem to look grumpy or aggressive and are rarely seen smiling - they simply don't want to appear in any way submissive. And research in courtrooms shows that an apology offered with a smile incurs a lesser penalty than an apology without one. Click below for more information on how others cannot fool you any longer. Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map The Eyes Have It Those Lips Drive Me WildA kiss is a lovely trick
Eyes Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map E xasperation: A familiar sign of exasperation, the eyes are turned heavenward, as though invoking divine assistance. A nxiety: Eyebrows raised and furrowed is an instinctive response to extreme anxiety. It is a natural expression, common to all cultures. W inking: A wink has various meanings, from sexual approval by a potential partner, to collusion between two people in the know. S kepticism: Raising just one eyebrow is a common gesture of disbelief. The two sides of the face are at odds, registering a state of confusion. Head Menu
Mouth R aspberry: Children the world over stick their tongue out as a rude gestureperhaps their first insult. I Dont Know: This gesture involves pulling down the corners of the mouth–a facial equivalent to shrugging the shoulders. B e Quiet: An easily recognized symbol of silence, the lips are sealed. A nger: Biting ones lower lip while shaking ones head from side to side shows barely contained anger. Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map Head Menu
Kissing C heek Kiss: This is a friendly gesture practiced in the West, in which both people kiss each other on both cheeks. F oot Kiss: A gesture symbolizing humility and respect, performed by the Pope during Holy Week. H and Kiss: This gesture is a symbol of respect, and was once commonly performed by a man when greeting a woman. B lowing A Kiss: A symbol of love, often from a mother to a child, or to a friend too distant to embrace. Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map Head Menu
Upper Limbs T he hands have been the most important tools in human evolution and there are more connections between the brain and the hands than between any other body parts. Few people ever consider how their hands behave or the way they shake hands when they meet someone. Yet those first five to seven pumps establish whether dominance, submission or power plays will take place. Throughout history, the open palm has been associated with truth, honesty, allegiance and submission. Many oaths are still taken with the palm of the hand over the heart, and the palm is held in the air when somebody is giving evidence in a court of law; the Bible is held in the left hand and the right palm held up for the members of the court to view. One of the most valuable clues to discovering whether someone is being open and honest - or not - is to watch for palm displays. Just as a dog will expose its throat to show submission or surrender to the victor, humans use their palms to display in a similar way to show that they are unarmed and therefore not a threat. Quit IntroMain MenuSite MapNext
Arms Quit IntroMain MenuSite MapNext Back R ejoicing: This gesture which combines jumping in the air with the slapping of hands, is a spontaneous display of joy. It is common in the field of sports. T riumph: Arms straight in the air are a sign of success: the person feels this big. P raise: in this gesture, palms and head are turned heavenwward. H ail: Depending on the stiffness of the arm, this is a friendly gesture or a Fascist salute. S urrender: A recognized gesture of submission, this arms-raised pose shows that the person is not reaching for a weapon.
Hands Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map Back J ealousy: This gesture has various meanings and is generally an insult. In Mediterranean countries, it represents the horns of a cuckold; in Japan, it means an angry or jealous wife. T hinking: People adopt this posture unconsciously. It is a modified prayer with a reassuring touch of the lips. Mockery: Thumbing ones nose is a playful insult, familiar to all ages and nationalities. Often the fingers are wiggled to emphasize mockery. S tupidity: Common in Saudi Arabia, this implies, I can see clearly that you are a fool. L oose screw: This gesture indicates that someone is crazy, that (s)he needs to tighten a loose screw in the head. T eeth flick: This gesture, flicking a thumb-nail against the teeth, is common in Mediterranean countries, where it denotes anger.
Greetings B owing: This form of greeting is practiced mainly in Asian and is a common sign of respect. Performers also bow to their audience to acknowledge applause. In the West bowing still sometimes accompanies the handshake, suggesting humility, the person bowing being symbolically smaller than the other. Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map W aving: This gesture is often made on meeting or parting. The hand raised with the palm upward is a classic way of drawing attention to oneself. N ose Rubbing: Although rare in the West, the rubbing of nose is still practiced in other cultures, notably among Polynesians. H andshake: The clasping of hands is a common gesture both on meeting and parting. It signifies a certain equality of status.
Lower Limbs Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map T he farther away from the brain a body part is positioned, the less awareness we have of what it is doing. This means that the legs and feet are an important source of information about someone's attitude because most people are unaware of what they are doing with them and never consider faking gestures with them in the way that they would with their face. A person can look composed and in control while their foot is repetitively tapping or making short jabs in the air, revealing their frustration at not being able to escape. These results were verified by psychologist Paul Ekman, who discovered that people also increase their lower body movements when they lie but observers also have greater success exposing a person's lies when they can see the liar's entire body. This explains why many business executives feel comfortable only when sitting behind a desk with a solid front, where their lower body is hidden.
Legs Links Quit IntroMain MenuSite Map L ee, Mark. (2006). Three elements of communicationand the so called 7%-38%-55% Rule. Retrieved on October 19, 2009, at http://www.ecademy.com/node.php?id=78144 http://www.ecademy.com/node.php?id=78144 P ease, B. and Allan Pease. (2006). The Definitive Book of Body Language. Bantam: New York. Available for purchase at http://www.amazon.com/Definitive-Book- Body-Language/dp/0553804723 http://www.amazon.com/Definitive-Book- Body-Language/dp/0553804723 M organ, N. (2002). The Truth Behind the Smile and Other Myths– When Body Language Lies. Retrieved on October 19, 2009 @ http://hbswk.hbs.edu/archive/3123.htmlhttp://hbswk.hbs.edu/archive/3123.html