6 BE ON YOUR TOES Unconscious Individuals Tape over vents, doors, and windowsSuicide NotePosted Warning to First Responders of Present DangerChemical containers in and around the vehicle or roomSmell of Rotten Eggs
7 H2S Common Name: HYDROGEN SULFIDE DOT Number: UN 1053 NAERG Code: 117 CAS Number:Hazard rating: NJDHSS NFPAFLAMMABILITY: - 4REACTIVITY: - 0FLAMMABLE -EXPLOSIVEHydrogen Sulfide is a colorless gasSoluble in water
8 Chemicals Used Bonide Sulfur Spray- Insecticide Include but NOT limited to:Bonide Sulfur Spray- InsecticideHydrochloric (Muriatic) Acid (Pool Chemical)Toilet Bowl CleanerLaundry Detergent
9 Mechanism of Action How it works Naturally Produced in the BodyActs as an irritant and chemical asphyxiantActs as a relaxant of smooth muscle---VasodilatorMitochondrial Poison (Similar to Cyanide)Prevents oxygen transport by binding with hemoglobin in red blood cellsOnce in the body it is rapidly distributed to various organsCNS, Lungs, Liver, etc.High values present in people who have:Alzheimer’s DiseaseDown SyndromeType 1 DiabetesMost Dangerous aspect of hydrogen sulfide is the result of Olfactory AccommodationThis means that the individual can accommodate the odor and is not able to detect the presence of the chemical after a short period of timeHappens to people exposed to 150 ppm or greaterLungs show “hydrogen sulfide intoxication” and major prolonged lung damageLungs are from a 45 year old male found unconscious in a storage tank of salted radish and rice
10 IDLH 100 ppm Interventions Set Parameters EMS 700 ppm 1 breath = DEATH Establish a HOT zone100 meters minimumEmergency Decon?EMSHigh Flow 02H2S acts like Cyanide poisoning and binds with hemoglobinUnconscious and death has been recorded following prolonged exposure of 50 ppmIDLH 100 ppm700 ppm 1 breath = DEATH
11 What’s that Smell? 0.13 ppm Plant and Animal Breakdown Swamps / Bogs Hot SpringsWaste DisposalSewersPaper Manufacturers0.13 ppmThese smells are noticeable at 0.13 ppm or less.
12 Sugar Creek, MO Dec. 22, 2009A man used hydrogen cyanide chemicals to kill himself in a confined pickup truck.Four responders and a family member were exposed to the toxic gases from inside the vehicle.All five were just taken to the hospital as a precaution.No warning note was found on the truck.The man worked in a lab and had access to cyanide.Two containers were found in the truckClose to Home