Presentation on theme: "Putting the Common Good Before Personal Interests."— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 1, Lesson 2 What Ideas About Civic Life Informed the Founding Generation?
2 Putting the Common Good Before Personal Interests. Civic VirtuePutting the Common Good Before Personal Interests.
3 Classical Republicanism The ideals & practices of ancient Greek or Roman city-statesemphasized civic participation
4 Lessons from RomeRoman republic was stable as long as it remained small & uniformBy 44 BC it had control over vast territories and huge diverse populations.It fell due to self-interest = civil war = rise of dictatorship to bring stability.
5 How can Classical Republicanism work in large diverse communities? Break them up into smaller communities (provinces, states).The govt. could inspire civic virtue through citizenship & moral education.
6 17th Century Europe… Experienced wars & rebellions Philosophers challenged theory of Divine Rightthat monarchs get authority from God.They looked at humanity within a State of Nature
7 State of Nature Abstract: before government Allows philosophers to analyze…What is human nature?What should be the purpose of Government?Where should government receive its authority?
8 Natural Rights Philosophy Thomas Hobbes & John LockeInspired by English Civil War & RevolutionIdea that in a state of nature, people have basic rights to life, liberty, and property.People create governments to protect those rights.
9 Thomas Hobbes Humans are naturally violent! They enter into a social contract and give up rights to an absolute ruler (Leviathan) who maintains peace.
10 John Locke Humans are naturally free, equal, and rational. All people possess unalienable rights!They enter a social contract with a government to protects those rights
11 If a government fails to protect those rights, then the people have a right to overthrow it. This is the Right of Revolution.