Presentation on theme: "We Helped Win The War Too!"— Presentation transcript:
1 We Helped Win The War Too! A Look at Minority Groups in WWII
2 Women At the HomefrontBy million women working (up 57% from 1940)Men $54.65/weekWomen $31.21/week
3 Rosie the Riveter Nickname for women working in Factories Jobs: welders, riveters, making munitions, machinists, etc
4 Women in the MilitaryLaw by May 1942 (at 1st Congress against it-it took a year to pass)Jobs: Secretaries, radio operators, truck drivers, and airplane mechanicsNO COMBAT!
5 Women in The Military WACS: Army WAVES: Navy (fashion designer helped design uniforms to keep feminine)SPARS: Coast Guard
6 Women in the Military WASPS: Women’s Air Force Service Pilots Ferried training aircraft and supplies38 died during WWII
7 WASPS AFTER WAR Returned home with no military benefits or recognition July 1, 2009 Obama awarded them the Congressional Gold MedalCeremony March 10, 2010
8 Civilian Women Overseas Red Cross: nurses, nurses aidesSalvation Army: Donut Dollies, Entertainment
9 African Americans on The Homefront Women migrate north to work in factoriesDouble V Campaign: victory over fascism in Europe & victory over racism at home
10 African Americans in the Military Start of WWII Segregated, No Combat depending on branch2.5 million African Americans registered for the draft-For better pay & to fight racism
11 African Americans in the Military Army: Two all black units92nd Division761st Tank Division (Black Panthers)-Fought in combat-Battle of the Bulge-Medal of Honor winner
12 761st Tank Unit“Men, you're the first Negro tankers to ever fight in the American Army. I would never have asked for you if you weren't good. I have nothing but the best in my Army. I don't care what color you are as long as you go up there and kill those Kraut sons of b*****. Everyone has their eyes on you and is expecting great things from you. Most of all your race is looking forward to your success. Don't let them down and d*** you, don't let me down!” -Patton
13 African Americans in the Military Tuskegee Airmen:Trained at Tuskegee University & Howard University-1st had to train as civilians-445 Tuskegee airmen in WWII-150 killed in WWII-Highly Decorated
14 After the War Troops become Desegregated by the end of WWII Return to discrimination and segregation in the southJackie Robinson: 1st African American to play for the Major Leagues in Baseball April 15, 1947*He was in the 761st!
15 Mexican Americans Bracero Programs: US recruits Mexican farmers -told to return after WWIIZoot Suit Riots: white sailors started a fight with Mexican Americans & it led to riots in Los Angeles that spread across the countryAlso targeted African Americans, other Latinos, & FilipinosNicknamed for suits Mexicans wore