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1 PowerPoint Presentation Henry PhinazeeAverett UniversityInstruction via Media (ED 509)Instructor: Dr. Jane QuennevilleFebruary 15, 2008
2 Second Semester Imperialism to WWI Unit 7VUS.9a-bUS History 06-07
3 ImperialismThe policy and practice of forming and maintaining an empire in seeking to control raw materials and world markets by conquest of other countries and/or establishing colonies.
4 American ImperialismMany 20th century American foreign policy issues have their origins in America’s emergence as a world power at the end of the 19th century.America’s intervention in WW I ensured her role as a world power for the rest of the century.
5 American ImperialismThe growing role of the US in international trade displayed the American urge to build, innovate, and explore new markets.Growth of international trade occurred from the late 1800s until WW I.The first era of a true “GLOBAL ECONOMY”Expansionism.asx
6 Creation of International Markets Open Door PolicySecretary of State John Hay proposed a policy that would give all nations equal access and trading rights with ChinaHe did not want any one country to take over China
15 Asia and the Pacific Hawaii US businessmen will overthrow the Queen Political leaders asked to be annexed by the US
16 Philippines Open Door Policy annexed after the Spanish-American WarOpen Door PolicyUrged all foreigners to obey Chinese lawObserve fair trade competition
17 World War I / The Great War Causes of the Great WarNationalismArms race (militarism)ImperialismEntangling Alliancescauses of WWI Slide 19.asx
18 Events in Europe War in Europe begins in 1914 A Serbian nationalist will assassinate the Archduke of Austria-Hungary.Serbia has a treaty with Russia, Austria-Hungary has a treaty with Germany, Russia has a treaty with France etc. etc. etc
25 Woodrow Wilson’s Policy/Stance Wilson said we were going to war “ to make the world safe for democracy” and to protect the principle of freedom of the seas.Why We Entered WWI Lusitania and Zimmermann Slide 28.asx
26 The US will join the Allies The PlayersAllied PowersGreat BritainFranceRussiaSerbiaItalyCentral PowersGermanyAustria-HungaryOttoman Empire (Turkey)BulgariaThe US will join the Allies
27 WWI the Early Years The war has become a stalemate. Russia will drop out and America will enter just as Germany is making one last attempt to break through.America’s military resources of men and materials will tip the balance in favor of the Allies.
29 World War Technological Advances Causalities of warTrenches/Barbed WireMachine GunsNo Man’s LandNew CannonsPoison Gas/Chemical WeaponsTanksFame ThrowersBalloons/AirplanesTrench Warfare.asx
30 World War II EndsGermany will ask for an armistice (cease fire)It will go into effect on November 11th, 1918(11-11 at 11:00am)The war is over, now for the peace treaty
31 Fourteen PointsTo guarantee no other wars like this one, President Wilson will create a peace plan named the Fourteen Points.He will take his plan to the peace conference in ParisHe hoped to eliminate the causes of war
32 Wilson had several key points Self determination for all groupsFreedom of the seas for all nationsA Mandate system for all former colonies of GermanyA League of Nations
33 Self-DeterminationSelf determination-the idea that all ethnic groups should decide which country they belonged inIdea accepted at the Peace ConferenceLeads to new nations being created after World War I (Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia)
34 The European MandatesMandate system set up former colonies on a “learn to be a nation” program with a sponsor nation showing them how(Palestine, India and several others)
35 League of NationsThe League of Nations was an international forum or peacekeeping organization set up to settle disputes before they caused a war
36 Treaty of Versailles (ver sigh) Wilson’s ideas were only partially successfulGreat Britain and France wanted to punish GermanyNational Boundaries across Europe will be redrawnA League of Nations will be created
37 The Impact of the War on Germany Germany forced to pay huge reparations payments. (Billions of dollars)Germany stripped of its colonies, army and navy, and many of its factoriesReparations – payment for damages caused by the war.
40 Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles in the US Many Americans objected to the Treaty because it contained the League of Nations.We very much wanted to return to isolationism.They did not want to have our foreign policy dependent on an outside international organization.
41 President Wilson’s Legacy After months of debates and a speaking tour of the US by Wilson, the Senate will vote against the treaty three times (this kills it).Wilson has a stroke during the tour and will become ineffective and stubbornThe US will sign a separate agreement with Germany declaring the War over in the 1920s