Presentation on theme: "Unit 2 Reading English and its history WenShu high school Liu Jing."— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit2ReadingEnglish and its historyWenShu high school Liu Jing
2 How many parts can we divide the text into? IntroductionOld EnglishMiddle English快速浏览课文的小标题，实际是一种阅读策略的输入。“授人以鱼不如授人以渔”，因此让学生掌握方法、技能、策略也是教学应当关注的课题。在阅读过程中，教师有意识地加入策略培训，有助于学生实现更为有效的阅读。Modern English
3 SkimmingSkim over the text in 2 minutes and answer the 3 questions on page 22,excerise A.通过基于问题任务的快速文本浏览，掌握文本的主体大意，为进一步阅读建立框架。让学生带着问题听，避免了盲目，同时也对个别细节更为关注。
4 It’s about English and its history. 1 What is the article about ?2 What are the three kinds of English discussed in the article?3 In what way is English still changing?It’s about English and its history.Old English, Middle English and Modern English.English is still changing in many ways, such as in vocabulary and pronunciation.
5 introduction and Old English detail readingintroduction and Old English1 Why does English have so many rules that confuse people?2 Where did the word “English” come from?3 Why can words with similar meanings be found in the English language? Please give us an exampleRead part 1 and find answer to the question “Why English has so many difficult rules?”Because people from many different countries have lived together in Britain and they brought with them the rules and vocabulary into the English language.
6 1 Why does English have so many rules that confuse people?Because it is made up of the grammar and vocabulary that people from different countries and cultures brought with them to Britain.
7 It came from the word “Engle”, as it was spelt in Old English. 2 Where did the word “English”come from?It came from the word “Engle”, as it was spelt in Old English.
8 3 Why can words with similar meanings be found in the Englishlanguage?Please give us an exampleBecause each word came from a different language.E.g. sick----- used by the Angles and the Saxonsill used by the Norwegians
9 Why puzzled? Old English before mid-5th Celtic then 2G tribes (A, S) languagesthen2G tribes(A, S)Old EnglishlanguagesVikingsend 9thDenmarkNorway“Today we have learned the development of Old English. And let me tell you something about it. Before the middle of the 5th century, people spoke Celtic. Then 2 Germanic tribes the Angles, the Saxons occupied Britain. Their language mixed with Celtic and became the base of Old English. At the end of the 9th century, the Vikings, people from countries including Denmark and Norway moved to Britain. And their language mixed with Anglo-Saxon and became what we now call Old English. By the 10th century, Old English was the official language of England.”Ask Ss to think about “Why we feel puzzled about which words or phrases to use?”official language10th
10 Middle English 1 What is middle English? 2 Who made the greatest contribution to the development from Old English to Middle English?3 Why are many of the words for animals different from those for meat in English?4 What’s the differences between the Old English’s way of making plural and Middle English way? Please give some examples.
11 The French-speaking Normans, who took control of England in 1066. 1 What is middle English?2 Who made the greatest contribution to the development from Old English to Middle English?Middle English is the name given to the English used from around the 12th to the 15th centuriesThe French-speaking Normans, who took control of England in 1066.
12 3 Why are many of the words for animals different from those for meat in English?The words for the animals came from Old English, while the words for the meat came from Old French.
13 What are the words for their meat? muttonpork/ baconbeef
14 4 What’s the differences between the Old English’s way of making plural and Middle English way? Please give some examples.In Old English, the Germanic way of making words plural was used. For example, they said housen instead of houses, and shoen instead of shoes.After the Normans took control, they began using the French way of making plural, adding an –s to house and shoe.
15 words for animals & food French What are the factors that contributed to the development of middle English?similar wordswords for animals & foodFrench※Read part 3 and discuss the answer to the question “What are the factors that contributed to the development of Middle English?”French, German and Henry IV.Have a further discussion within groups about the influence resulting from the factors and make a summary of the factors and the effects.
16 words for animals & food plurals Middle EnglishWhat are the factors that contributed to the development of middle English?similar wordsFrench※words for animals & foodplurals※Henry IVofficial occasions
17 When did Modern English appear? During the Renaissance in the 16th century.What new factors are included in Modern English?Latin and Greek words, pronunciations and new words and new ways being invented.Students are asked to finish reading the last part and find answers to the following two questions:When did Modern English appear?During the Renaissance in the 16th century. (If possible, the teacher could also inform students of some basic information of Renaissance.)What new factors are included in modern English?Latin and Greek words, pronunciations and new words and new ways being invented.
18 conclusion fill in the blanks Time Events At the end of 9th century Before the middle of the 5th centuryThenAt the end of 9th centuryBy the 10th centuryIn 1066By the latter half of the 14th centuryIn 1399During the Renaissance in the 16th centuryPeople in Britain all spoke a language called CelticThe Angles and the Saxons occupied BritainThe Vikings began to move to BritainOld English had become the official language of EnglandThe Normans defeated England and took control of the countryEnglish was used by all classes in EnglandHenry IV became King of England and used English for all official eventsModern English appeared
19 HomeworkWrite a short summary of English and its history according to what we have learned today.通过课后的写作，一方面巩固所学知识，另一方面弥补写的技能训练。