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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct uses and are not inter- changeable. The choice between these two tenses depends on the context and on the point of view of the speaker.
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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-5 The passato prossimo and the imperfetto are often used together for narrative purposes. Ieri il tempo era bello e la neve mi sembrava perfetta. Ho deciso di andare a sciare in montagna e sono uscito di casa. Non cera nessuno in giro quando sono salito in cima. Improvvisamente, ho sentito un rumore che veniva dal bosco. Santo cielo, era lo Yeti! Yesterday the weather was beautiful and the snow seemed perfect to me. I decided to go skiing in the mountains and I left the house. There was no one around when I climbed to the summit. Suddenly, I heard a sound that was coming from the woods. Good heavens, it was the Abominable Snowman!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-6 Certain verbs have different meanings in the imperfetto and the passato prossimo. Compare the use of conoscere and sapere in these examples. Il chirurgo conosceva Anna. The surgeon knew Anna. Ho conosciuto il chirurgo. I met the surgeon (for the first time). Luisa sapeva cosa fare per guarire. Luisa knew what to do to get better. Carlo ha saputo che Luisa era malata. Carlo found out that Luisa was sick.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-7 Dovere, potere, and volere have slightly different meanings in the imperfetto as well. The imperfetto describes intention or capability but doesnt specify the outcome, whereas the passato prossimo indicates that an action was carried out.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-8 Anna doveva andare dal medico. Anna was supposed to go to the doctor. Anna è dovuta andare dal medico. Anna had to (and did) go to the doctor. Il dottore poteva curarlo. The doctor could (had the ability to) heal him. Il dottore ha potuto curarlo. The doctor was able to (and did) heal him. Rosa non voleva fare esercizio, ma è andata in palestra lo stesso. Rosa did not want to exercise, but she went to the gym anyway. Rosa non ha voluto fare esercizio, e allora è restata a casa. Rosa did not want to exercise, so she stayed home.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-9 passato prossimo 1. cominciare (lui) _____________ 2. andare (tu) ________________ 3. bere (noi) _________________ 4. fare (loro) _________________ 5. nascere (io) _______________ imperfetto 6. giocare (noi) _____________ 7. essere (tu) _______________ 8. dire (lei) _________________ 9. avere (voi) _______________ 10. leggere (io) ______________ Scrivi la forma corretta del verbo indicato. ha cominciato giocavamo
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
Point de départ Although the passé composé and the imparfait are both past tenses, they have very distinct uses and are not interchangeable. The choice.
Surprise : ) 5 Cultura 4 I verbi 3 Vocabolario 2 Parliamo
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn.
Passato Remoto historic past remote past narrative past.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il treno parte dal binario 9. The present tense: regular verbs.
The trapassato prossimo and the trapassato remoto
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere and sapere both mean to know, but they are used in different contexts.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned that the present tense in Italian can be used to describe what.
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