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Legal Issues in Special Education:

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Presentation on theme: "Legal Issues in Special Education:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Legal Issues in Special Education:
Selected Laws

2 IDEA P.L. 94: 142 – (1975) Education for all Handicapped Act
Reauthorized and expanded as IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act in 1990) Reauthorized in 1997

3 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) (Public Law 94-142, Part B
Known as the Mainstreaming Law Requires states to provide a free and appropriate public education for children with disabilities (ages 5 to 18) Requires individualized education programs (IEP) First defined “least restrictive environment”

4 94-142 (continued) Zero reject Nondiscriminatory evaluation
Due process Parent participation

5 IDEA – New components in 1990
Autism Renames and replaces P.L (EAHCA) Establishes “people first” language for referring people with disabilities Extends special education services to include social work, assistive technology, and rehabilitation services Extends provisions for due process and confidentiality for students and parents Adds two new categories of disability: autism and traumatic brain injury TBI

6 continued Requires states to provide bilingual educational programs for students with disabilities Requires states to educate students with disabilities for transition to employment, and to provide transition services Requires the development of individualized transition programs for students with disabilities by the time they reach the age of 16

7 1997 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (Public Law 105-17)
Requires that all students with disabilities must continue to receive services, even if they have been expelled from school Allows states to extend their use of the developmental delay category for students through age 9 Requires schools to assume greater responsibility for ensuring that students with disabilities have access to the general education curriculum Allows special education staff who are working in general education to assist general education students when needed

8 continued Requires a general education teacher to be a member of the IEP team Requires students with disabilities to take part in state-wide and district-wide assessments Requires states to offer medication as a voluntary option to parents and educators to resolve differences Requires a proactive behavior management plan to be included in the student’s IEP if a student with disabilities has behavior problems Limits the conditions under which attorneys can collect fees under the IDEA

9 Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments
Provide services to infants and toddlers birth 3 3 6 Home based or center based programs IFSP (Individualized Family Service Plan) Support Given to family and child Emphasizes frequent evaluations (every 6 months)

10 Vocational Rehabilitation Act 1973
Comes from: Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Applies to all institutions receiving federal financial assistance Monitored by the Office of Civil Rights Overlaps with IDEA with regards to FAPE, evaluation procedures, procedural safeguards, and rules of assessment Mandates an accommodation plan for deserving individuals

11 Vocational Rehabilitation Act (VRA) 1973 (Public Law 93-112, Section 504)
Defines “handicapped person” Defines “appropriate education” Prohibits discrimination against students with disabilities in federally funded programs

12 Section 504 Qualifications
“person who has a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment” Ask: 1. Does the student have a physical or mental impairment? Does the impairment affect a major life activity? If yes to 1 & 2 the child may be entitled to an accommodation plan under Section 504

13 Section 504 Eligible Individuals
ADD Communicable Diseases Medical Conditions Temporary conditions due to illness or accident Arthritis Cancer Special health care needs AIDS, AIDS related complex, HIV

14 continued Drug and alcohol addictions Asthma Diabetes Epilepsy
Hepatitis B Obesity Tourette’s Syndrome

15 Major Life Activities Caring for oneself Performing manual tasks
Walking Seeing Hearing Breathing Learning Speaking

16 Americans With Disabilities Act
Signed into law by President Bush in 1990 Civil Rights law for all individuals with disabilities Based on Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973, but it further extends the rights of individuals with disabilities Major areas include: employment, transportation, public places, and communication systems

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