Presentation on theme: "Land Transport of Dangerous Goods"— Presentation transcript:
1 Land Transport of Dangerous Goods Cairo, 23 October 2011As a member of the Royal Belgian Federation of Carriers and Logistics Service Providers, which is also a member of the International road transport union (IRU), and in my quality of President of the IRU Group of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, I am pleased to take part in this important seminar.My presentation will focus on the Land Transport of Dangerous Goods and will be followed by two other specific presentations by the IRU representative and the UNECE WP.15 Secretary.Paul Wauters, President of the IRU Group of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
2 General Structure of the Global Transport of Dangerous Goods Land Transport of Dangerous GoodsEuropean Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)
3 I. General Structure of the Global Transport of Dangerous Goods Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods – UN Model Regulations (“Orange Book”)Modal RegulationsThe basis of the Regulations for the transport of dangerous goods in the world are the model regulations, better known as Orange book. The modal regulations is the transcription of these recommendations into legal requirements per mode.
4 The recommendations are: Presented as “UN Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods” or “Orange Book”Developed by the UN Economic and Social Council’s Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous GoodsRegularly updated in the light ofTechnical progressAdvent of new substances and new materialsThe requirements of modern transport systemsAdressed to governments and international organisations concerned with the regulation of transport of dangerous goodsThe recommendations:Presented as “Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods” or “Orange Book” – as already explained in the previous slide…
5 The Orange Book is the basis for: Development of the modal regulations IMDG (sea)IATA and ICAO (air)ADR ( road Europe)RID (rail)ADN (inland waterways Europe)Other international or national regulations (US DOT, Chinese national regulations,…)Allowing harmonisation between the different modal regulationsThis means that the transport of dangerous goods operated by different modes through the world should be covered by uniform regulations.
6 The aim of the regulations are: To ensure the safety and security ofPeoplePropertyThe EnvironmentTo ensure fair competition in a free market with the same conditions for all involved parties and modes
7 II. Land Transport of Dangerous Goods …is regulated by:European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID)European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN)The 3 regulations are quite identical except for all rules concerning the technical requirements for the transport equipments. A barge is not the same as a truck or a train! I shall limit my presentation to the transport of dangerous goods by road (ADR).
8 III. Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)“European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road”47 contracting parties, including non-European countries such as Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Kazakhstan…Compulsory in international transport between these countriesCompulsory in national transport in the EU countries and some non-EU countries
9 The structure is consistent with that of the other regulations. The conditions for transport of dangerous goods by road are laid down in:Annex A for the goods in question, in particular regarding their packaging and labellingAnnex B as regards the construction, equipment and operation of carrying the goods in questionThe structure is consistent with that of the other regulations.The Annex A is harmonised with IATA, IMDG, RID and ADN.Annex A is harmonised with IATA , IMDG , RID and ADN (very important for intermodal transport)
10 General provisions (definitions, training, security, DGSA,…) Annex A: General provisions and provisions concerning dangerous substances and articlesGeneral provisions (definitions, training, security, DGSA,…)Classification of the dangerous goods*Dangerous goods list, special provisions and exemptions related to LQ and EQPacking and tank provisions*Consignement proceduresRequirements for the construction and testing of packaging, IBC’s, large packaging and tanksProvisions concerning the conditions of carriage, loading, unloading and handlingADR – Table of Contents
11 The classification of the dangerous goods: Identifies the hazard of the goods in questionTakes into account Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) (CLP)Is the same for all transport regulationsCLP = Classification and Labelling of Packaging in Europe
12 Packagings (boxes, drums, jerricans, IBCs, etc.) The packing and tank provisions identify the receptacles meant for the carriage of dangerous goods.Packagings (boxes, drums, jerricans, IBCs, etc.)Tanks (fixed tanks, tank-containers, portable tanks, MEGCs, etc.)The packagings are built according to a prototype approved by the competent authorities.
13 Requirements for vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation Annex B: Provisions concerning transport equipment and transport operationsRequirements for vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentationRequirements concerning the construction and approval of vehiclesADR – Table of ContentsThis will be handled by the next speaker
14 The participants involved in the transport of dangerous goods are: Main participantsConsignorCarrierConsigneeOther participantsLoaderPackerFillerTank-container / portable tank operatorUnloaderIt is important to note that the transport of dangerous goods is not only the concern of transport companies. The consignor has the very important responsibility to classify the goods and to determine if they are dangerous or not.Page 14
15 to comply with the regulations of ADR in their respective fields The participants are:to comply with the regulations of ADR in their respective fieldsco-responsible with the other participants in case of non-conformityobliged to nominate a Dangerous Goods Safety AdviserCo-responsibility: in case of non-conformity with the regulations, all the involved parties may be prosecuted (it is not only the transport company, which will be fined).DGSA is compulsory if the company is physically involved in the transport of dangerous goods (loading, filling, transport)
16 ADR Implications for road transport companies: Driver:Training in regulations, safety and securityPPE (Personal Protective Equipment)Safety awarenessEquipment:TruckTrailerTankPlacarding and Marking
17 ADR and all other dangerous goods transport regulations: are key to ensure harmonised, standardised and safe operationsare meant to protect people and the environment without penalising economic activitesRegulations are meant for protecting people and environment without penalising the economical activites, especially those of the chemical industry, which play an important role in daily lives.