Presentation on theme: "6 Types of Simple Machines"— Presentation transcript:
1 6 Types of Simple Machines Inclined PlaneWedgeScrewLeverWheel & AxlePulley
2 Inclined plane – flat, slanted surface. When an object is moved up an inclined plane, less effort is needed than if you were to lift it straight up, but, you must move the object over a greater distance.
4 Ideal Mechanical Advantage Ideal Mechanical Advantage = length of inclineheight of incline
5 What is the Ideal Mechanical Advantage? 6 meters2 meters
6 Wedge- Device that is thick at one end and tapers at the other Wedge- Device that is thick at one end and tapers at the other. Most wedges (but not all) are combinations of two inclined planes.A knife, axe, razor blade, and teeth are all good examples of wedges. Generally it can be anything that splits, cuts, or divides another object including air and water.
7 In each example identify what is being split or wedged apart by each wedge in the above pictures. a rocket....a fan...a boat...teeth...AirAirWaterFood
9 Screws Screw- an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder. -changes the distance that you apply a force over-the closer the threads are together, the greater the Mechanical Advantage.
10 LeversLever- rigid bar that is free to rotate (pivot) about a fixed point.Examples- crow bar, door (hinge), sea-sawFulcrum- the fixed point that a lever pivots around.
11 4. Three Classes of Levers Open Textbook to p. 391 1st Class Lever: fulcrum in center positionExample: Sea-saw, scissors2nd Class Lever: output force in center positionExample: Door3rd Class Lever: Input force in center position.Baseball bat, rake
12 Lever Activity:Objective- to compare the three types (classes) of levers. Open textbook to p. 391.Create a First Class LeverPlace your index finger on the desk and balance the spoon on it.Place bean in spoon bowl to represent output force.Create a Second Class LeverPlace the spoon bowl on the table and one finger at end towards handle.Where would bean go to represent output force?Create a Third Class LeverWhere would your finger and bean go?
13 Mechanical Advantage of a Lever MA = Distance from fulcrum to input forceDistance from fulcrum to output force
16 Wheel and AxelSimple machine made of circular or cylindrical objects, fastened together and rotate together.The object(s) with the larger circumference (size) is the wheel.The object with the smaller circumference (size) is the axel.
18 Distance of force is increased. Mechanical advantage is usually greater than 1.
19 Mechanical Advantage of a Wheel MA = Radius of WheelRadius of Axel
20 Gears Wheel with interlocking teeth. Form a compound machine when more than one gear is used.
21 Pulley A grooved wheel with a rope, cable, or chain wrapped around it. Direction of input force is changed.
22 Types of Pulleys Fixed Pulley- attached to a structure Ideal Mechanical Advantage = 1Movable Pulley- attached to the object you want movedIdeal Mechanical Advantage = 2Pulley System- combination of fixed and movable pulleysIdeal Mechanical Advantage = 2 or moreThe ideal MA of a pulley system is equal to the number of sections of the rope that support the object.