2 5.1 Starting the Engine Automatic Transmission Selector Lever PositionsShift Indicator shows the gear positionPark (P)Reverse (R)Neutral (N)Drive (D)Low (L1 and L2 or 1 and 2)Starting the EngineMake sure parking brake is setMake sure car is in ParkIf car has Fuel Injection, keep foot off the acceleratorTurn ignition switch to ON, continue turning the key to start the engine, release the key as soon as the engine startsCheck gauges, warning lights, and fuel supply
3 Starting the Engine Manual Transmission Stickshift Gears Neutral (N) – Used for Standing still or starting the engineFirst (1) – Used to start the vehicle moving to a forward speed of mphSecond (2) – Used to accelerate to a speed of mphThird (3) – Used for speeds of mphFourth (4) – Used for highway driving. Speeds above 35 mphFifth (5) – Used for highway driving at speeds above 45 mphReverse (R) – This gear is used for backing
4 Manual Transmission Friction Point Point at which the engine engages the transmissionDownshifting – Shifting from a higher gear to a lower gear. Used to gain added control or gain extra power.Riding the Clutch – Habit of resting your foot on the clutch pedal while driving. This cause clutch wear and can lead to expensive repairs.
5 5.2 Steering Steering Hand Position Tracking To control a vehicle’s direction of travelHand Position9 o’clock & 3 o’clockTwo hands at all times gives you optimum control of the vehicleTrackingA method of steering that allows you to keep your vehicle on the intended path of travel.Look toward the center of the lane ahead and make slight movements with the steering wheel
12 Backing Left and RightBacking left - visual search pattern is over left shoulderBacking Right - visual search pattern is over right shoulderSteps to follow:Before backing, check trafficBack into your laneBegin to unwind the steering wheel back to a straight position
13 Steering Straight Backwards Hold brake and shift to ReverseTurn body to the right and look backwards.Put Left hand on the top of the wheel. 12:00 o’clock positionRelease pressure from the brake just enough to creep back slowly.Turn the wheel in the direction you want to goKeep foot over the brake at all times checking trafficSteering Straight BackwardsHold brake and shift to Reverse2. Turn body to the right and look backwards.3. Put Left hand on the top of the wheel. 12:00 o’clock position4. Release pressure from the brake just enough to creep back slowly.5. Turn the wheel in the direction you want to go6. Keep foot over the brake at all times checking traffic
14 Backing up Things to remember The front wheels have a greater turn radius than the back wheelsThe front will swing out farther than the backBacking up to the left or right, turn steering wheel in the direction you are backingBacking left, turn wheel leftBacking right, turn wheel right
15 Backing up Driving Test You will have to: Back up within your lane Stay in laneBack up smoothlyLook out rear windshieldBack around a corner (Turnabout)
17 5.4 Parking Four Basic types of Parking CurbParallelPerpendicularAngleEntering and Exiting Parking SpotsAlways check traffic ahead of you and behind youCheck mirrors and blind spotsSignal!Other drivers need to know your intentions
18 5.4 Parking Curb Parking Easiest to perform Parking alongside a curb with no surrounding vehiclesMore room to maneuverDon’t have to back up to exit your parking spacePark close to the curb so other vehicles don’t hit you
19 5.4 Parking Parallel Parking Parking alongside a curb between two already- parked vehiclesExtremely difficultGood steering and speed controls are essential
20 Parallel Parking How to parallel park Pull up alongside the vehicle Rear bumper to rear bumperTurn wheel sharply to the right and begin to back upAim car to the rear right corner of the parking spaceWhen your steering wheel is even with the front vehicle’s rear bumper, straighten out.Keep looking behind you but make repeated glances to make sure you front bumper is clearTurn wheel sharply to the left when your front bumper meets the rear bumper of the car in frontSlowly back up until you are parallel to the curbMake sure you are in the center of the parking space
21 Parking Parallel How to Parallel Park Practice with no obstacles first, then with plenty of space between vehicles. Take it slowly and you'll develop the skill and confidence to parallel park. Steps:1. Use your turn signal to indicate the direction of the parking spot.2.If the space is not yet vacant but the car in it is about to leave, wait behind the spot. 3.When the space is vacant, pull ahead of it until you have pulled up beside the car parked in front of the space. Your rear bumper should be even with that car's rear bumper with about 2 feet of road between you.4.Put the car in reverse. Begin to back up slowly; as soon as the car starts moving, turn the wheel as far as it will go toward the curb. 5. Back slowly into the space.6.When the back of your car's front door is even with the rear bumper of the car beside you, begin turning the wheel away from the curb.7.Continue turning the wheel away from the curb and backing slowly into the space. 8.Straighten out the wheel, then pull forward or back in the space as needed to center yourself between the cars in front of and behind you. Your car should be 6 to 8 inches from the curb when you are parked. Tips: Go slowly. If you aren't sure whether you'll fit in the space, pull up beside it and size it up first. If it's a tight fit, get a passenger or a passing pedestrian to guide you. Warnings: Many cities will issue a citation for vehicles parked more than 18 inches from the curbThe Drive Right book offers these tips: 1. Select a space that is at least six feet longer than your car.2. Flash your brake lights and put on your turn signal before you pull in.3. Always look back to check traffic.4. Take it slow and ease into the spot.
22 Parking Pullout Exiting a parallel parking space 1. Back-up straight as far as you can go without touching the car behind.2. Turn your wheels all the way to the left (in the U.S.) Then make sure that you put your car in drive. (When I took the driver's test, the person before me parallel parked their car fine, but forgot this important step when pulling out of the space--and failed their test.)3. Put on your turn signal.4. Check traffic, including your blind spot.5. Make sure your right fender has enough room to clear the car in front of you.6. Turn wheels slowly to the right when you are half-way out of the parking space
23 5.4 Parking Perpendicular & Angle Parking Most often found in parking lots and garages, and on some wide streetsChoose a space with as much room as possible between other vehicles
24 Parking on hills Parking on hills Parking on a Hill Facing Up Hill When parking up hill turn your wheels toward the centerline of the road. Why? If the vehicle would slip out of gear the car would roll backward and stop against the curb. If there is no curb turn the wheels toward the side of the road.Parking on hillsParking on a Hill Facing Up HillWhen parking up hill turn your wheels toward the centerline of the road. Why? If the vehicle would slip out of gear the car would roll backward and stop against the curb. If there is no curb turn the wheels toward the side of the road.
25 Parking on hills Parking on hills If there is no curb turn the wheels toward the side of the road.Why? If the vehicle would slip out of gear the car would roll backward swinging outward and roll out of the street. Parking on hillsIf there is no curb turn the wheels toward the side of the road.Why? If the vehicle would slip out of gear the car would roll backward swinging outward and roll out of the street.