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Published byJaylen Patchen Modified over 9 years ago
Presentation Outline What is a Healthy Neighborhood? Planning Trends and Impacts on Health Planning Tools for Healthy Communities
Healthy Community: A Definition A healthy community is one that strives to meet the basic needs of all residents; it is guided by health equity principles in the decision-making process; it empowers organizations and individuals through collaboration, civic and cultural engagement for the creation of safe and sustainable environments. Vibrant, livable and inclusive communities provide ample choices and opportunities to thrive economically, environmentally and culturally, but must begin with health. - California Planning Roundtable
Components of a Healthy Neighborhood Healthy Neighborhood Housing Nutritious Foods Health Care Opportunities for Physical Activity Educational Opportunities Social Equity Safety Supportive and Respectful Social Relationships Transportation Options Safety Soil, Air, Water, Noise Employment Sense of Place
How Can Urban Planning Support Healthy Neighborhoods? Promote Goods Provide for active transportation - bikeways, sidewalks, linkages to transit, supportive land uses Provide access to fresh food outlets - grocery stores, community gardens, farmers markets, urban agriculture Provide access to parks and recreation facilities Provide opportunities for community interaction and support development of social networks Provide sense of place Protect from Bads Reduce oversaturation of fast food restaurants, liquor stores and tobacco shops Reduce exposure to air and noise pollution
Planning Trends and Impacts on Community Health
Traditional Town Gridded street layout Housing in close proximity to civic and commercial uses Range of housing types Neighborhoods often centered around school, park or other community use
Suburban Model Mission Viejo Curvilinear streets and cul-de-sacs Separation of housing from job centers Low density Neighborhoods sometimes centered around school or park
Suburban Model v. Traditional Town
Suburban Model v Traditional Grid Credit: Ryan Snyder & Associates Connectivity & Linkages ¼ mile = typical distance person is willing to walk to park, school, store, etc. ½ mile – ¾ mile = typical distance person willing to bike to park, school, store, etc.
Planning Tools for Healthy Communities
The Planners Traditional Toolbox General/comprehensive plan polices Development standards/zoning Neighborhood plans Corridor plans Design guidelines Bicycle & pedestrian master plans Joint use agreements
Suburban Model v Smart Growth Credit: Ryan Snyder & Associates
Ways to Support Active Transportation Bicycle facilities- bike lanes, paths, bike parking Safe Routes to School - education and encouragement Convenient transit access Comfort, aesthetics and amenities Landscaping Shade Benches Trash Receptacles Signage Water Architecture
Ways to Increase Healthy Food Access Community & school gardens Community Supported Agriculture Farmers markets Market makeovers/corner store conversions Mobile food retailers
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