Presentation on theme: "IBM’s Transformation to a Services Company and the Growth of Digital Trade Michael DiPaula-Coyle IBM Governmental Programs."— Presentation transcript:
1 IBM’s Transformation to a Services Company and the Growth of Digital Trade Michael DiPaula-CoyleIBM Governmental Programs
2 IBM: A Globally Integrated Technology and Consulting Company Founded in 1911 and now operating in 170 countries, IBM develops and sells software and systems hardware and a broad range of infrastructure, cloud and consulting services.IBM serves clients in sectors as diverse as manufacturing, banking and financial services, insurance, telecommunications, retail, utilities, and express delivery.While still a major manufacturer of ICT hardware, IBM has repositioned itself as the world’s largest, IT services company.
3 IBM Business, IT and Outsourcing Services and Solutions Application lifecycle managementAsset managementApplication infrastructureBig data and analyticsBusiness process managementBusiness AnalyticsCloud computingCommerceComplex and embedded systemsConnectivity and integrationData managementData warehousingEnergy and EnvironmentEnterprise content managementEnterprise marketing managementEnterprise modernization Enterprise resource planningExpert integrated systemsIT Infrastructure servicesProcurementProduct lifecycle managementSecurityService oriented architecture (SOA)Smarter computingSocial collaborationUnified communicationsVirtualizationWeb experience
4 IBM’s Transformation – Services & Software 64%Services & software now account for 80% of IBM’s revenueHardware56%Software revenue exceeded hardware revenue in 2008ServicesServices revenue exceeded hardware revenue in 200124%16%Software17%14%3%Other6%Source: IBM Financial Reports
5 IBM’s Transformation – Services & Software 80%64%Services & SoftwareServices and software revenue exceeded hardware revenue in 199831%Hardware17%Other6%3%Source: IBM Financial Reports
6 Manufacturing and Construction Wider Global Trends: Economic and Labor Changes: U.S. Employment (2010)Manufacturing and Construction12.4%Agriculture: 1.5%78.8%Services
7 IBM is a Microcosm of the Global IT industry IBM’s transformation reflects wider trends in the global IT industry over the past two decades.IT companies are moving away for traditional hardware to focus on IT software and services.The most competitive IT companies are able to provide integrated, end-to-end solutions across all industry sectors.Hardware, software and services are more integrated now than ever before.
8 This Transformation is Driving the Growth of Digital Trade Services increasingly being delivered electronically via the internet and other networks: fueling the growth of “Digital Trade”.16 million internet users in 1995; Today there are more than 2.4 billion.McKinsey Global Institute calculated that 75% of economic benefits of the Internet accrue to traditional industries.In majority of OECD countries, more than 95% of companies already use the Internet: “As the Internet evolves to become basic infrastructure and adoption saturates, the Internet economy will become increasingly indistinguishable from the overall economy.”
9 Evidence of Growing Role of the Internet in the Global Economy Electronically Delivered Services: Knowledge- or content-based services are increasingly digitized and delivered electronically via the Internet or other networks (e.g. ICT services, professional services, video services, online gaming, music streaming).Digital Products: Content can be digitized for online delivery (software, music, movies, books, video programming, financial analysis, architectural schematics).E-Commerce in Physical Goods: Trade in physical goods facilitated by the Internet or private networks.Operations of Global Companies: Global ICT Networks are now critical to operations of global companies across all sectors.
10 Potential Barriers to Digital Trade Cross-Border data restrictionsLocal Server requirementsMarket Access Restrictions for hardware, software and servicesRegulations (behind-the-border barriers)Technical Barriers to Trade in ICT Products and Services
11 21st Century Trade Agreements Must Reflect New Trade Realities The WTO’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) was negotiated before the Internet was commercialized and does not adequately address digital trade.New Agreements are now focusing on this critical area:Non-BindingU.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement: Both parties will “endeavor to refrain from imposing or maintaining unnecessary barriers to electronic information flows across borders.”U.S.-EU and U.S.-Japan Trade Principles for ICT ServicesOECD Principles for Internet Policy-MakingSeeking Binding CommitmentsTrans-Pacific Partnership: Negotiators are seeking to include binding trade obligations related to digital trade and cross-border data flows.TISA: TISA will be a critical benchmark for protecting and fostering the growth of digital trade.TTIP: Will a U.S.-EU Agreement adequately protect and foster the growth of Transatlantic Digital Trade?