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Global trends in telecom development CTO Annual Council, Gaborone,

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Presentation on theme: "Global trends in telecom development CTO Annual Council, Gaborone,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Global trends in telecom development CTO Annual Council, Gaborone,
Tim Kelly (ITU) CTO Annual Council, Gaborone, 20 September 1999 The views expressed in this presentation are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the ITU or its membership. Tim Kelly can be contacted by at: 1

2 Global trends in telecom development
The state of the industry Fixed-lines Mobile The Internet The state of the market Increasing competition Private sector participation Independent regulation The shape of things to come The changing telecom development gap The industry in 2005 Key policy issues

3 Projection of growth trends, fixed and cellular subscribers and int’l traffic, 1995-2005
1'500 300 Fixed main lines 1'250 250 Mobile subscribers Total int'l traffic 1'000 200 Subscribers (million) 750 Billions of minutes of int’l traffic 150 500 100 250 50 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Source: ITU.

4 The changing pie: Global telecom service revenue, 1998
Domestic fixed- Other (incl. Internet, leased lines, telex), 10.6% line revenues, 59.2% Mobile service revenues, 21.2% International revenues, 8.8% 1998 Telecom service revenue. Total = US$724b Source: ITU “World Telecommunication Development Report 1999: Mobile cellular” (forthcoming)

5 Projection of revenue growth (US$bn)
1000 Actual Projected 900 800 Other: Data, Internet, Leased lines, telex, etc 700 600 Mobile 500 Int'l Service revenue (US$ bn) 400 300 200 Domestic Telephone/fax 100 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 Source: ITU.

6 Internet hosts (million) July 1993-July 1999
Compound Annual Growth Rate = 61.8% 56.2 36.7 26.1 16.7 8.2 3.2 1.8 Jul-93 Jul-94 Jul-95 Jul-96 Jul-97 Jul-98 Jul-99 Source: ITU “Challenges to the Network: Internet for Development, 1999”, Network Wizards.

7 Distribution of Internet hosts, January 1998
Australia, Japan & New Zealand 7.0% Developing Canada & Asia-Pacific US Other 2.9% 64.1% 4.6% Europe, 24.3% LAC* 1.2% Africa 0.5% Source: ITU “Challenges to the Network: Internet for development, 1999”.

8 The state of the market Increasing competition
Around two-thirds of telecom subscribers now have a choice of operator More than 99 per cent of mobile and Internet subscribers now have a choice of operator Dominantly private-ownership 19 out of top 20 top public telecom operators are partially or fully private-owned Of the top 20 mobile operators, 16 are fully-private, 3 are partially private, 1 is state-owned Independent regulators There are currently 84 independent regulators (only 12 in 1990)

9 Degree of competition by service, 1999 (ITU Member States)
Monopoly Duopoly Competition 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Basic Cellular Cable TV ISPs services Source: ITU Telecommunication Regulatory Database.

10 Degree of competition in basic services, 1999, by region
90% Monopoly Duopoly Competition 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Africa Americas Asia- Arab Europe Pacific States Source: ITU Telecommunication Regulatory Database.

11 Increasing competition: By no. of countries, by service, 1995-2005
100 Local 90 Long distance 80 International 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 Source: ITU Telecommunication Regulatory Database.

12 Percentage of outgoing international traffic open to competition
Mono- poly Compe- 85% 74% tition 46% 35% Number of countries permitting more than one operator for international telephony The two most important landmarks along the road to competition were arguably the European Union’s single market for telecommunication services, which was implemented on January 1st of this year, and the World Trade Organisation’s basic telecommunications agreement, implemented on February 5th, also this year. Some three-quarters of all outgoing international telecommunications traffic now originates in markets that permit at least two international carriers. Taking just the commitments made at the time that the WTO agreement was implemented, the percentage of the market exposed to competition should rise to 85 per cent early in the next decade. This projected percentage will almost certainly be higher as countries make improved commitments, or join the agreement for the first time. Competition, which was once the exception in international telecommunications, is now the norm. Competition is in full bloom, or so it would seem. 4 14 29 48 1990 1995 1998 2005 Note: Analysis is based on WTO Basic Telecommunications Commitments and thus presents a minimum level of traffic likely to be open to competitive service provision. Source: ITU, WTO.

13 Recent privatisation transactions
Source: ITU Telecommunication Regulatory Database. Note: Some countries made sales in several tranches (e.g., Spain)

14 Telecom Privatisations in Africa
Source: ITU Telecommunication Regulatory Database.

15 Ownership status of the incumbent
Private State-owned Countries 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 1991 1993 1995 1999 Source: ITU Telecommunication Regulatory Database.

16 Separate regulatory bodies, worldwide, 1998
Source: ITU Telecom Regulatory Database.

17 The development gap is shrinking but also shifting
The share of the telecom market of Low & Lower-middle income countries: Fixed-lines: 1984 = 13%; 1998 = 27% Mobile: = 1.4%; = 12% Internet hosts: 1993 = 0.1%; July 1999 = 1.7% Some LDCs and CIS Republics are falling further behind in fixed-line networks No growth or decline between in Afghanistan, Armenia, Burundi, DPR Congo, Haiti, Kazakhstan, DPR Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Zambia

18 “The future is here, it’s just not evenly distributed” William Gibson
Teledensity 1996 27 .8 to 68 .3 (46) 8 .6 to 27 .8 (45) 1 .4 to 8 .6 (47) to 1 .4 (48) Source: ITU World Telecommunication Indicators Database.

19 Forecasting to 2005 Projecting forward current trends
By 2005, there could be: 1.4 billion telephone lines 1.1 billion cellular telephone subscribers million Internet users These could account for: 250 billion minutes of int’l voice/fax traffic 2.5 trillion minutes of total voice/fax traffic 1’000’000 Gigabits (1 Petabit) per second of Internet traffic Services market of around US$1.1 trillion Equipment market of around US$400 billion

20 Forecasting to 2005 Identifying discontinuities
By 2001, less than 10% of int’l traffic will use accounting rate system Domestic interconnect fees will be dominant mode Major price cuts in international calls after 2002/2003 Availability of new infrastructures Impact of Internet pricing model (distance and duration independent) Mobiles exceed fixed-line phones in most OECD countries by 2004/2005 Introduction of “third generation” mobiles after 2001 Generational shift, as new users reject fixed-lines

21 The int’l telecoms market in 2005: Some educated guesses
The premium of an international call over a domestic call (currently >300%) will be <20% Internet-like pricing structure Traffic flows will be dictated by a small number of hubs connected to multiple fat pipes Major hubs in New York, London and Hong Kong? Major alliances will own a smaller share of the market as infrastructure owners resell capacity Market significantly bigger by volume, but only slightly bigger by revenue Telecom development gap will shift Gap between middle income countries and LDCs

22 Key policy issues to be tackled
Interconnection How to manage the transition to a multi-player environment? Internet Who really sets the rules? Who really gets benefits? International settlements How to transition to a cost-oriented system while providing a “soft-landing” for developing countries? International infrastructures How to ensure equal access at competitive rates? Investment How to increase investment, esp in LDCs?

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