 # Complex fractions.

## Presentation on theme: "Complex fractions."— Presentation transcript:

Complex fractions

Objective Simplify complex fractions
Lets Review fraction rules first…………..

Multiplying Fractions
- 5 21 3 4 1 - 5 21 3 4 = - 5 21 3 4 - 5 7 1 4 = - 5 28 7

Multiplying Rational Expressions
Factor all numerators and denominators completely. Divide out common factors. Multiply numerators together and multiply denominators together. Multiply

Dividing Two Fractions
Divide - 2 9 5 1 = - 2 9 5 - 2 9 5 = - 2 9 5 - 2 5 = 1

Dividing Rational Expressions
Invert the divisor (the second fraction) and multiply Divide

5 12 2 + 7 12 = 5 2 +

Common Denominators Subtract Add or subtract the numerators.
Place the sum or difference of the numerators found in step 1 over the common denominator. Simplify the fraction if possible. Subtract

Common Denominators Example: b.) Subtract

Unlike Denominators Determine the LCD.
Rewrite each fraction as an equivalent fraction with the LCD. Add or subtract the numerators while maintaining the LCD. When possible, factor the remaining numerator and simplify the fraction.

Unlike Denominators Example: a.) The LCD is w(w+2).

This cannot be factored any further.
Unlike Denominators Example: b.) The LCD is 12x(x – 1). This cannot be factored any further.

Complex Fractions

Simplifying Complex Fractions
A complex fraction is one that has a fraction in its numerator or its denominator or in both the numerator and denominator. Example:

So how can we simplify them?
Remember, fractions are just division problems. We can rewrite the complex fraction as a division problem with two fractions. This division problem then changes to multiplication by the reciprocal.

Simplifying Complex Fractions Rule
Any complex fraction Where b ≠ 0, c ≠ 0, and d ≠ 0, may be expressed as:

What if we have mixed numbers in the complex fraction?
If we have mixed numbers, we treat it as an addition problem with unlike denominators. We want to be working with two fractions, so make sure the numerator is one fraction, and the denominator is one fraction Now we can rewrite the complex fraction as a division of two fractions

Example

Treat the complex rational expression as a division problem Add any rational expressions to form rational expressions in the numerator and denominator Factor Simplify “Bad” values

Ex. 2: Simplify ← The LCD is xy for both the numerator and the denominator. ← Add to simplify the numerator and subtract to simplify the denominator. ← Multiply the numerator by the reciprocal of the denominator.

Ex. 2: Simplify ← Eliminate common factors.

Example

Example

One more for you

Ex. 3: Simplify ← The LCD of the numerator is x + 4, and the LCD of the denominator is x – 3.

Ex. 3: Simplify ← FOIL the top and don’t forget to subtract the 1 and add the 48 on the bottom.

Ex. 3: Simplify ← Simplify by subtracting the 1 in the numerator and adding the 48 in the denominator.

Ex. 3: Simplify ← Multiply by the reciprocal.
x2 + 8x +15 is a common factor that can be eliminated.

Ex. 3: Simplify ← Simplify

Model Problems

Homework Practice Sheet