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Genesis Series Cable Product Training

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Presentation on theme: "Genesis Series Cable Product Training"— Presentation transcript:

1 Genesis Series Cable Product Training

2 Basic Cable Construction
Insulation Drain Jacket Rip Cord Shield Conductor

3 Conductor Solid Stranded Bare copper is less expensive Tinned copper
Reduces Corrosion Soldering Stranded More Flexible Increase surface/frequency response Bare copper is less expensive Tinned copper Need when soldering connector to the wire or in a corrosive environment (where temps over 100 degrees C or near salt water) See this in Belden’s line, can convert if not installing in the above environment Solid Bare Copper Solid Tinned Copper Stranded Bare Copper Stranded Tinned Copper

4 Cable Jacket

5 Gauge Size can have an impact on performance Factors: Length of Run
Conductor Gauge Size can have an impact on performance Factors: Length of Run System Manufacturer’s requirements Remember: the larger the number, the smaller the gauge 24 AWG is the smallest gauge we carry

6 Straight Lay or Cabled Straight Lay Cabled
Cost effective in installations where interference is not a concern. Cabled Assists in reducing EMI and RFI interference EMI - Electro Magnetic Interference May be caused by electric motors, ballast, etc RFI - Radio Frequency Interference

7 Straight Lay

8 Conductors Cabled

9 Shielding The addition of a shield offers increased resistance to EMI and RFI Shield Types Aluminum Backed Mylar Tape All Aluminum/Mylar shielded cables include a drain wire Bare Copper Braid and Tinned Copper Braid We currently only carry this in coax

10 Overall Shielded Cables

11 Each Pair Shielded

12 Wire Types Shielded vs. Unshielded Stranded vs. Solid
There are a variety of overall shielded (OAS) products Offers increased resistance to EMI & RFI interference and added protection against cross talk Stranded vs. Solid Though cost is slightly higher, stranded cables afford greater flexibility and ease of installation Multi-Pair Cables Variety of cables available typically per preference of residential or commercial installer Helpful Hint: Look at similarities in Part #’s #1204 = 22/4 STR Non-Plenum OAS #2204 = 22/4 STR Riser OAS #3204 = 22/4 STR Plenum OAS

13 Wire Types Plenum (CMP, FPLP) Riser (CMR, FPLR) Non-Plenum (CM, FPL)
Cables used in air space (plenum ducts / ceilings; is the space that can facilitate air circulation for heating and air conditioning systems) must have fire-resistant, low smoke producing characteristics Plenum constructions are very similar to non-plenum but more expensive Much of plenum cable products used in commercial applications Riser (CMR, FPLR) Suitable for use in a vertical run (floor to floor) Fire resistant characteristics preventing fire from traveling from floor to floor Non-Plenum (CM, FPL) General Purpose Listing excludes installation in risers & plenums Bulk of what we manufacture & sell Helpful Hint: Look at similarities in Part #’s #1104 = 22/4 STR Non-Plenum #2104 = 22/4 STR Riser #3104 = 22/4 STR Plenum

14 Plenum Cable Installation
Floor Structural support Plenum Cables Plenum Air Handling Space Air Supply Duct Suspended Ceiling Air Return Riser (or Plenum) Cable Access Shaft

15 More commonly used in commercial installations
Plenum Cable More commonly used in commercial installations Low flame spread Low smoke producing characteristics.

16 What makes a good speaker wire?
Stranded conductors More strands = more flexible Promotes “Skin Effect” The signal travels on the outside of the conductor, like the skin is on the outside of your finger. The more strands, the more “outsides” or surface area for the signal to travel across…so the better it travels Oxygen Free Oxygen is a natural impurity in copper Copper can be annealed to remove that oxygen Just like these pennies, speaker wire can oxidize Oxidized strands will impede the signal Oxygen-Free speaker wire will not oxidize over time

17 What makes good speaker wire
Zip Construction vs. Cabled Construction Subject To Interference Reduces Interference Easy to strip Home Theater Sound, Home Theater Sound Plus & Audacious Genelene Insulated Conductor + Semi-Loose Tubed PVC Jacket Jacket won’t stick to the insulation like PVC + PVC constructions Crystal Series Genelene Insulated Conductor + Pressure Extruded TPE Jacket Most flexible, easy to use speaker wire Easy to label Speaker, Room & Zone Code on Legend L= Left LR= Left Rear C= Center RR= Right Rear R= Right Speaker Code Room Code Zone Code

18 Speaker Wire…Power Loss
Analog Transmission of a signal degrades as the length of the run increases. Your speaker requires a maximum amount of loss. Use this chart to decide what gauge speaker wire you need For 0.5 dB loss (or 11%) 16 AWG 0’ ’ ’ ’ ’ 4 Ω 4 Ω = 4 Ω Speaker 8 Ω 8 Ω = 8 Ω Speaker 14 AWG 4 Ω 8 Ω

19 Coaxial Review Conductor Dielectric Solid or Stranded
Bare Copper Tinned Copper Copper Clad Steel Dielectric Foamed Polyethylene Solid Polyethylene Foamed FEP Solid FEP Gas Injected Shields Aluminum Foil Aluminum Braid Bare Copper Braid Tin Copper Braid Jacket PVC Polyethylene (PE) FEP

20 Coaxial Cable Copper Shield CCTV
Dielectric Core Braid Shield Typical CCTV construction BC braid shield. Center Conductor Jacket

21 Coax Foil & Braid Shield CATV & MATV
Tape Shield Dielectric Core Typical CATV construction Alum foil and braid shield Center Conductor Braid Shield

22 Coax Quad Shield Tape Shield Dielectric Core Tape Shield Center Braid
Conductor Quad shield construction foil-braid-foil-braid Jacket Shield Shield

23 Attenuation Comparison (Signal loss over distance)
The lower the dB/100ft at 1000MHz and 3000MHz the better the cable

24 Coax RG6 CATV RG59 CCTV See handout for coax run lengths
Do not pull with more than 35lbs Max. bend radius is 3 inches RG59 CCTV Max. pull strength of 25lbs Max bend radius of approx. 2.5 inches See handout for coax run lengths

25 Applications for Category Cable
Voice only networks 10/100 Mbs No future-proofing Cat 5e Voice and Data networks Gigabit Ethernet Cat 6 Data Networks 10 Gigabit Ethernet Commonly used in hospitals, schools, large offices, etc.

26 Category Rating System (What you hear about)
(ENHANCED) Cat 6 Standard Frequency (MHz) 16 20 100 350* 250 Genesis Frequency 32 40 200 350 500 Network Throughput 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 1 Gbps 1 Gbps 10 Gbps *Cat5 350 (aka ENHANCED or Cat5E) is not regulated by the TIA Category Rating system, therefore users should not assume Cat5e compliance on all electrical values. Consult factory for complete test results.

27 What’s really important?
Although Frequency is the electrical characteristic most often discussed with category cable it is not the best indicator of network performance. When a manufacturer says their cable is tested at a certain level, ask for the test results. Most ‘low end’ manufactures that claim a high frequency rating do not meet the TIA specifications for all electrical values. Better indicators of network performance are: Near End Cross Talk How much adjacent pairs “accidentally share information” Reflection How much interference there is based on signal accidentally reflecting (changing direction) due to cable imperfections ACR Attenuation to Crosstalk Ratio is the amount of signal relative to the amount of noise. (The higher the better)

28 What’s really important? (cont.)
Near End Cross Talk – how does it go bad? Category cable has four pairs that are each twisted in a slightly different way. Those four pairs are also cabled together in a specific ways too. This twisting scheme is like the lane lines on a highway. The Category Rating System specifies a certain type of twisting scheme that allows the signals to travel optimally. The signal travels with peaks and valleys that, when on a quality category cable, work well together. If there are any imperfections in the way that cable is designed or manufactured those twists can fall out of place, and the peaks and valleys begin to interfere with each other. Improper installation is also a major cause of those twists falling out of place. Imagine a highway where the lane lines were to run together, cars would be cutting each other off, and the traffic would slow down.

29 When am I going to notice a problem?
Before Cat 5e the best networks were transmitting 10 or 100 Megabytes per second. They are often referred to as 10/100 networks and are still the most popular today among small networks. Cat 5e was designed for Gigabit Ethernet (1,000,000 bytes of information per second) Gigabit Ethernet is available on many computers and network devices purchased in the last few years. Cat 6 was designed for 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10,000,000 bytes of information per second)

30 When am I going to notice a problem?
Gigabit and 10 Gigabit Ethernets transmit data in a new way. Before Cat 5e: 2 pairs were used for sending information & 2 pairs were used for receiving information With Cat 5e and beyond: All 4 pairs send and receive information Imagine both sides of the highway Since each pair is transmitting and receiving a signal on Cat 5e and Cat 6, interference due to reflection becomes much more disruptive.

31 When am I going to notice a problem?
Little problems within a network build up until a point at which the network fails. Too many users on a network: More bandwidth is used up More errors will occur Network will slow down Cable runs too long within a network: Cable runs are not to exceed 100 meters (328 feet) 90 meters (295 feet) from distribution device to outlet. Maximum 10 meters (33 feet) for Equipment Cords and Patch cords Maximum Demarcation to furthest outlet can’t exceed 150 meters (492 feet) Cable improperly installed Cable daisy chained Cable pulled with more than 25 lbs. of pulling tension. Pairs untwisted more than ½” when terminating Cable bent beyond 1” bend radius

32 Genesis Part Numbers

33 Catalog Your wire & cable lifeline Sections Security & Control
Thermostat Fire Crystal Series (HDMI & Interconnects) Home Theater Multimedia Networking (Voice & Data) COAX

34 Part Numbers All Genesis Series products come with an 8 digit part # The first 4 digits represent the product The next 2 digits represent the put-up The last 2 digits represent the color code For Example: #1103 1103 = 22/4 SOL 55 = 500’ Pull Out Box 09 = Gray # Code Color 00 Clear 01 White 02 Yellow 03 Orange 04 Red 05 Green 06 Blue 07 Brown 08 Black 09 Gray 10 Purple 11 Pink 12 Natural / Beige 40 Violet 41 Fluorescent Pink Code Put-Up 00 100’ Pack 02 250’ Reel 10 1000’ Reel 11 1000’ Box 18 1000’ Speedbag 21 1000’ Reel-In-Box 50 500’ Reel 55 500’ Box 58 500’ Speedbag 61 500’ Reel-In-Box

35 Part Number (18/4 FPLP) Put Up (1000’ Pull Box) Color (Red)

36 Tools & Resources Genesis Website (
SPECS Product literature & cut-sheets More training Genesis Outside Sales Randy Lee-- Director of Electrical Distribution Brian Stock– Regional Sales Manager Don Straka– Regional Sales Manager Genesis Factory PH: Tiffany Cram—Inside Sales Nicole Ricard—Inside Sales Leann Meachum—Inside Sales Manager/Marketing

37 This is the closing slide that should appear at the end of all presentations. If you are using an existing presentation, you should copy this slide and insert it at the end. The old Honeywell closing slide, with the red background and tagline “Helping You Control Your World” should not be used. This slide should not be altered in anyway. Do not add any additional elements to the slide, alter the web address, add additional copy, etc. Use it as it appears here. 18 4 4

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