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Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development

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Presentation on theme: "Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development
Assessment of drought impact on rice production in Indonesia by satellite remote sensing and dissemination with web-GIS Rizatus Shofiyati, Wataru Takeuchi, Soni Darmawan, and Parwati Sofan Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development Presented at Workshop on Crop Monitoring and Food Security, the 34th ACRS 2013, Bali-Indonesia, 22 October 2013 1 1

2 Background Presented by Lapan (2011) National Disaster Management
Berau of Indonesia (BNPB) : Floods and droughts are common disaster in Indonesia Flood occured 1,548 Drought occured 960 1,548 960 1,624,260 Agricultural area that suffered disasters : Drought : 1,624,260 Flood : 1,019,123 Landslides : 323,658 323,658 1,019,123 Presented by Lapan (2011) Source:

3 Drought Effects on Rice Crop Damage in Indonesia
Area damage (ha) Source : data processed from the Directorate General of Food Crops Protection

4 Decreasing of Crop Production
Drought Year (El nino) -0.33% -5.85% 45.0 47.5 50.0 52.5 Paddy Crop production (x 106 tons) Year Average 49.5 million tons 0.0 2.5 5.0 7.5 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Maize Cassava

5 Special attention to monitor the condition of crops growth during the season is encouraged to reduce the damage. An early warning of climate change impact would be very useful in the planning stage of agricultural development settings. Sufficient data and information to anticipate various situations caused by climate change is critical, as it would affect agricultural development policy.

6 Activities of IAARD / MoA’s with Related Agencies
Frequency Institutions Activities / Output Utility 2x / Year BMKG release prospect of season type season type IAHRI (under coordination IAARD) have discussions and issue weather zone and prediction weather zone and prediction 3x / Year IAARD issues recommendation / guidance of cropping calendar, supported by rainfall data of BMKG. The information would be used by : farmer to plan planting time, and local government to determine regional planning especially in agricultural field. Weather condition potentially influence agriculture areas that could influence national rice production and decisions on importing/ exporting rice. BPS invites BMKG, MoA, LAPAN to discuss the current and future climate condition, vegetation condition, and their impacts on the agriculture production (mainly Java island) for releasing of so-called “predictive rice production numbers”.

7 SAFE Prototype 2012/13 – 2013/14 Objective:
to asses the use of satellite data to monitor the drought condition of rice field in a near real time; to validate the satellite based model on drought with ground observation data; to develop a system based on Web-GIS integrating satellite based system with existing crop calendar; to disseminate the drought information to decision makers, and the farmer through extension worker;

8 Expected Output Nation wide drought condition data of rice field at sub district level; Satellite based model of drought validated using ground truth data in Subang and Karawang District, West Java, Klaten, Central Java, Pasuruan and Ngawi, East Java, South Sulawesi, and South Kalimantan; A Web based system to disseminate drought information to end users;

9 Collaboration with Agencies
Executing Agency Activities Excuting Agencies ICALRD – IAARD of MoA Developing the prediction/early warning models of the potential drought over the agriculture area in Java island. Examining the uncertainties of drought indices and their ability to detect drought events in Indonesia and selecting the best drought indices to use in monitoring. Integrating drought analysis by satellite data and cropping calendar for determining planting time Conducting field checking Conducting workshop & training Supporting Agencies JAXA Univ. Of Tokyo LAPAN Satellite data provision (ALOS AVNIR-2 and PALSAR, ALOS-2) Training, workshop, and seminar are matters to be considered during the activity Technical supporter, Model development Assist the automatic data processing needed for the continuous monitoring. End Users extension officers, local government unit farmers Conducting field surveys for validation of model Conducting workshop & seminar

10 Overview of the Activities
LAPAN ICALRD - IAARD 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 Implementating model for operational use Operational Dissemination Developing Web-GIS Workshop Applying Model Product Technology / Prototype Model Validation Developing Drought Model (Research Activities) R & D

11 Integration of Cropping Patterns, Seasonal Rainfall and Satellite Image Analysis

12 Drought Information System
Rainfall Data Satellite Data Drought Information Cropping Calendar by IAARD Season Prediction by BMG updating integrated cropping calendar Drought Information System Local Government RECOMMENDATIONS : Information of drought vulnerability Planting time Extension Officer Farmer

13 Method & Data Used Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) associates with moisture condition of vegetation: Thermal Condition Index (TCI) associates with thermal condition of vegetation: Vegetation Health Index (VHI) represents overall vegetation health: Kogan, 1990 Kogan, 1990 Kogan, 1990

14 Classes of Agricultural drought-based VHI

15 Vulnerability Level of Drought Year 2012 (Source: IAARD, 2012)

16 Model Development & Application In 2012

17 VCI & LSWC to Identify Crop Pattern and Intensity
Source: Takeuchi et al, 2012

18 KBDI & LSWC to Identify Drought in Indramayu
Source: Takeuchi et al., 2012

19 Crop Pattern and Intensity in Java Island by MODIS

20 Existing Crop Calendar
The growing seasons detailed below are existing crop calendar in Karawang and Subang. They are based on the cultivar planted in the area which has 90 to 110 days growing period (i.e. Ciherang, IR42, Cidenok, Mekongga, etc.) # Sowing Month Harvest Month Notes 1 October February Northern coast of West Java (Karawang, Subang, Indramayu) 2 March June 3 July October*) *) Secondary crops (maize, soybean, longbean), the harvest time is around August

21 Guidance of Crop Calender 2012-2013 (IAARD 2012)



24 Rainfall, KBDI, NDVI, LSWC (2009 - 2012) – West Java

25 VCI, TCI, & VHI of MODIS for Drought of Java

26 Field Visit for Model Validation

27 Ground survey for drought
based on ground survey KBDI value 500 – 600  early indication of drought for paddy filed Drought systems have high accuracy In the some area that have good irrigation and have water resource, although indicated drought but paddy field still growth.

28 3. Ground survey for drought
Kerawang & Bandung West Java

29 3. Ground survey for drought
Yogyakarta, Central Java

30 3. Ground survey for drought
Makasar, South Sulawesi

31 Harvested area since 1993 - 2012 Ten provinces of central areas of
paddy production in Indonesia: West Java Central Java East Java South Sulawesi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam North Sumatra West Sumatra South Sumatra Lampung Bali & West Nusa Tenggara Source: BPS, 2013

32 Indonesia Rice Productivity (1993 – 2012)
Source: BPS, 2013

33 Web-GIS Development (on going)

34 Transfer Data Connection Fasility

35 Website Crop Monitoring

36 Web-GIS for Search Available Information


38 Feed Back From User Some Workshops held in 2012: Pariticpants :
LAPAN, BPPT, BMKG, BPS, IPB, BB Padi, BIG, etc Some area need to be verified, It does nor meet with area condition, such as East Nusa Tenggara, South Kalimantan More Interactive and integrated : Searching menu Can show the result analysis by using coordinate / cursor In Indonesian version → the user is local people.

39 End user meeting in 2013 From BB. Padi :
a. is it possible for variety of paddy field mapping using remote sensing ? And how ? b. how to predict the drought ? c. How about accuration and validation the drought system ? From coordinator of farmer : a. They expect given computer facilities and internet access b. How to access the systems ? And they hope implemented training/workshop for them

40 On Going & Next Activities in 2013/14
Continue processing and analysing all indices (SPI, VCI, TCI, VHI), LSWC, and KBDI Using MODIS, MTSAT, and AMSER-E for 2013. Developing a system based on Web-GIS integrating satellite based system. Correlated KBDI with Crop Calendar Disseminating the drought information through workshop for end user (decision makers, and the farmer through extension worker). Implementing the model for operational use.

41 Framework of operational use after this prototyping
Satellite data processing : digital analysis of satellite imagery, identifying drought affected area Analysing drought impact to paddy production by identifying planted harvested area Data Provider: LAPAN JAXA Satellite data preparation : Inventory and selection of basic analytical methods ICALRD – IAARD – MoA LAPAN Univ. of Tokyo Preparation of information (spatial & tabular): Agriculture affected area by drought, drought impact to paddy planted area, harvested area, and paddy production. Data & Information Updating IAARD, LAPAN, BPS, PUSDATIN of MoA Web-GIS based Information : Area affected of drought Recommendation : planting time, crop, etc feedback User: Farmer via extension officer, Agric. Local Office for Food Crop

42 Closing Remarks Model development:
NDVI, VHI, LSWC, KBDI (value 500 – 600) can represent precipitation anomaly and well capture a drought onset day. VCI of MODIS, LSWC of AMSER-E, KBDI of MTSAT can be used to identify crop pattern → the Indices can be used to estimate yield. Validation have been done in West Java (Indramayu District), DI Yogyakarta, South Kalimantan, and South Sulawesi shown same condition with result derived from satellite data. Web based system to disseminate drought information is still developing: More Interactive and integrated In Indonesian version → the user is local people Conducting Training/Workshop Provide Computer and Internet facility

43 THANK YOU ICALRD Jalan Tentara Pelajar No. 12, Cimanggu, Bogor, INDONESIA Tel Fax

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