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Ryan Mahoney USA Track and Field Level 1 Instructor

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1 Ryan Mahoney USA Track and Field Level 1 Instructor
Hurdle Events Ryan Mahoney USA Track and Field Level 1 Instructor

2 Introduction and Philosophy
Hurdling is sprinting with rhythm ! Our focus, first, last and always must be establishing and maintaining SPEED between and over the hurdles! While this may sound over simplistic, to often we all see novice hurdlers and novice coaches as well wasting a great deal of training time trying to learn or teach hurdling techniques when the time could be spent much more wisely on running and sprinting technique. To simplify again If they can’t sprint with some kind of efficiency they will NEVER be able to hurdle with any.

3 Rules For Competition Start - same as sprint Placement of hurdles
Intentionally knocking down a hurdle results in disqualification Trailing the leg or foot alongside the hurdle results in disqualification Type of Race Height of Hurdles Distance of Race Distance to First Hurdle Distance Between Hurdles Distance From Last Hurdle to Finish Men’s High Hurdles 39” 110 Meters 15 Yards 10 Yards 14.02 Meters Women’s High Hurdles 33” 100 Meters 13 Meters 8.5 Meters 10.5 Meters Men’s Intermediate 36” 300/400 Meters 45 Meters 35 Meters 10m - 300 40m - 400 Women’s Low 30”

4 Full and Complete Warm-up Prior to Hurdling
Safety in Hurdling Hurdle Construction Hurdle Placement Training Surface Full and Complete Warm-up Prior to Hurdling

5 Eight Factors in coaching hurdlers
Speed Rhythm Technique Flexibility - includes range of motion Strength Stamina to maintain proper technique Mental toughness Body Type (only factor we can’t improve) The only factor that we are not able to improve upon or enhance is body type!

6 Teaching Progression For The Hurdles (Stage 1)
Sprint Mechanics proper running form Static Half Hurdling - Lead Leg wall drill Static Half Hurdling - Trail Leg Full Hurdling Action Walkovers *Master these drills first using full height or near to it hurdles

7 Teaching Progression For The Hurdles (Stage 2)
Start to first hurdle Must be FULL SPEED! 8 Steps Dynamic Half Hurdle Drills 3 and/or 5 Step Rhythm over the top 3 and/or 5 step 1 Step Drills Half hurdling Over the top 3 Step Drills Keep hurdles in

8 Teaching Hurdle Technique - Fundamental Mechanics
Sprint over the hurdles Accelerate into takeoff Lean forward at takeoff Eyes up, focused on next hurdle Lead with knee to hurdle Don’t allow the beginner to jump, lower the hurdles and even have them run over turned hurdles or use training hurdles until they become accustomed to sprinting and not jumping Always have them look ahead to the next hurdle rather than down Emphasize good sprinting technique this will keep arms in and the body in a good lean to the hurdle The lead leg should not be forced to straighten but will do so naturally as the hurdler clears the hurdle

9 Technique Checklist Head and Chest Lead Leg Trail Leg Lead Arm
Between Hurdles As coach you should try to observe from the side at a diagonal angle this gives you an excellent spot to see any errors in technique. If you just watch from the side you might miss a slinging lead leg and from head on you might not be able to see if the forward lean is enough.

10 Head and Chest Chest on thigh / chin ahead of knee (men only)
Head in normal sprinting position Eyes focused on next hurdle Shoulders level and parallel to hurdle Maintain forward lean until foot makes contact Hurdling is really only sprinting with an exaggerated step every so many strides. The more we have the athletes work on sprint mechanics the better they will be able to hurdle

11 Lead Leg Drive knee to the hurdle Toe pulled back
Snap leg down when heel reaches hurdle Leg straight to hurdle - over and down Drive off ball of foot

12 Pull knee over hurdle, push foot to track
Trail Leg Knee under armpit Heel close to hip Toe pointed forward Pull knee over hurdle, push foot to track

13 Lead Arm Eye level at takeoff Elbow parallel to lead knee
Arm bent at 120 degrees during reach, and pull back Hand sweeps back below trailing knee

14 Between Hurdles Vigorous drive off hurdle into long first stride
Good high-knee sprint action on balls of feet Slightly shortened last stride to hurdle Full extension of take off leg

15 Start to First Hurdle Use a normal sprint start from blocks
Highs 7 to 9 strides to first hurdle Intermediates Boys 21 to 23 strides to first hurdle, girls 22 to 25 Even number of strides to first hurdle - lead leg in back block Odd number of strides to first hurdle - lead leg in forward block

16 Strides Between Hurdles
Highs - 3 strides Intermediates - generally 14 to 17 strides for boys, 15 to 19 strides for girls As fitness improves athlete will be better able to hold stride pattern to the finish Make sure your athletes learn to alternate lead legs! Do all drills using both legs as the lead!

17 Curve and Finish Hurdling the Curve Left leg preferable
Clear in the center of hurdle Run-in to the Finish Accelerate into the last two hurdles and through the finish Maintain poise Talk with your athletes often about staying in the center of the lane on the curve and also about maintaining their poisethrough the finish we have all seen races both won and lost in that final 10 meters!

18 Hurdling Drills Single Hurdle Timed First Hurdle Wall Drill
Stride Drill Quick Hurdles Timed 200’s 400 Halves 300 Sprint Odd Distances

19 Hurdling Drills (continued)
One Step between Hurdles Pace Stride Consistency Alternate Sprints Curve Running Alternate Lead Leg Endurance Hurdles Hurdle Ladders

20 Major Hurdling Faults Inconsistent Approach Slinging Lead leg
Off balance on top of and coming off of the hurdle Floating over the hurdle Loss of speed between hurdles Lack of endurance Chopping steps

21 Inconsistent Approach
Single Hurdle Drill Timed First Hurdle Drill Pace Drill using the Touch-Down Time Chart Stride Consistency Drill

22 Slinging Lead Leg Single Hurdle Drill Quick Hurdle Drill Wall Drill
One Step Drill Line Drill

23 Off Balance Lead Leg Drill Trail Leg Drill Quick Hurdle Drill
One Step Drill Wall Drill Line Drill

24 Floating Lead Leg Drill Trail Leg Drill Single Hurdle Drill
Quick Hurdle Drill One Step Drill Wall Drill

25 Loss of Speed Pace Drill using two, three and four hurdles
Stride Drill decreasing the number of strides between hurdles

26 Lack of Endurance Timed 200’s 400 halves 300 sprint Endurance Hurdles
Hurdle Ladders

27 Chopping Steps Odd Distance Drill Stride Consistency Drill
Alternate Lead Leg Drill

28 Training Summary Pre-season emphasis on building endurance, increasing strength, and enhancing rhythmic skills Early season emphasis on sprinting and hurdling drills Mid-season emphasis hurdle and sprint stamina, drills at full speed Late season emphasis technique, low volume, recovery, and racing

29 Typical Workout Warm-up should be at least 20 minutes up to 45 minutes
slow jog of at least 800 meters dynamic stretches (range of motion stretches) leg swings, arm swings etc.. partner assisted/isometric stretches hurdle and sprint drills limit static stretching in warm-up Workout - depending on where you are in season bounding and plyometrics hurdle drills sprint and/or hurdle repetitions or intervals Weight training weight, reps and exercises depend on where you are in season circuits Olympic lifts Warm-down jog at least 800 meters slow gentle static stretching

30 Pre-Season Workouts General Adaptation Phase
Monday - over distance and circuit training Tuesday - Lead Leg, Trail Leg drills, Bounding Wednesday - Endurance, First hurdle and Alternate hurdle drills and circuit training Thursday - Lead leg, Trail leg, wall, and Stride Consistency drills Friday - Over distance and circuit training Saturday - hills Sunday - rest

31 Early Season Workouts Specific Adaptation Phase
Monday - Endurance hurdles and weights Tuesday - Single hurdle, Timed First hurdle, Line hurdling and Quick hurdle drills Wednesday - 2, 3, and 4 hurdles, Curve running and weights Thursday - Lead leg, Trail leg, Sprint drills and bounding Friday - Hurdle ladders Saturday - hills Sunday - rest

32 Mid-Season Workouts Competition Phase
Monday - 2,3 and 4 hurdles plus 15 meters, First hurdle and Alternate lead leg drills and weights Tuesday - Quick hurdles, one step, lead leg and trail leg drills Wednesday - Hurdle ladders and weights Thursday - extensive warm-up or rest Friday - competition or over distance Saturday - competition or over distance Sunday - rest

33 Late Season Workouts Peaking or Specific Competition Phase
Monday - Pace, First hurdle drills and weights Tuesday - Quick hurdles, lead leg and trail leg Wednesday - Alternate lead leg and curve running drills Thursday - One hurdle, Timed First hurdle drills Friday - competition Saturday - competition or rest Sunday - rest

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