Established on June 16, 1891 Formally established on September 4, 1893 17 active judges Chief judge: Carl E. Stewart
Born January 2, 1950 in Shreveport Louisiana. Appointed in 1994 by Bill Clinton Began term as chief judge in October of 2012 First African American to serve as the 5 th Circuit Chief Judge.
Texas court of criminal appeal 5 th amendment was violated by using evidence from his silence. Salinas convicted of murder by evidence Silence can be admissible in trial if non coercive environment was recieved.