Presentation on theme: "Here is one example: Good Eats Diet"— Presentation transcript:
1 Here is one example: Good Eats Diet To keep a healthy weight, you must determine the weight that is right for you, and make smart choices to maintain it.A diet is a way of life.Here is one example: Good Eats Diet1
2 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary body mass index (BMI) minimize overweightobesebody fat percentagebehavior modificationemotional eatingaerobic exerciseanaerobic exercisefad dietminimizechronic
3 The Ideal Body Myth Media images dictate unrealistic body ideals. Ideal female is tall & ultra-thinIdeal male is tall, slender, muscularMost female fashion models are taller & weigh 25% lessBody type is determined by genes, not diet.Health risks increase when people try extreme diets.
4 The Ideal Body Myth Can we trust the media with body images? Watch this:Evolution videoWhat do you think this says about our obsession with “thin” and “body image” in our culture?
5 The Ideal Body Myth Health Risks of trying to attain “perfection” Dieting until underweightDepletes the body of muscle and fatCan lead to fatigue and injuryCan’t store fat-soluble nutrientsCalcium lossImmune system weakensHormones that regulate growth and mood are out of balance
6 The Overweight Epidemic In America, more than half of adults are overweight or obese.Consequences:Hard on bones, muscles & organsWalking & breathing take more effortHeat & humidity increase stressHPB, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, etcoverweightHaving a Body Mass Index ofbetween 25 and 29.9.6
7 The Overweight Epidemic Why are people gaining weight?Junk foods and fast foods are cheaper and more convenient than healthful foods.Portion sizes have become larger.People eat out morePeople are leading less active lives.Genetic tendencies7
8 What Is a Healthy Weight? Use body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage to determine your healthy weight.BMI = weight in pounds X 702 ∕ height in inches, squaredWebsite for BMIbody mass indexA measurement of body fat that uses a ratio of weight to height.body fat percentageA comparison of the amount of fat and muscle in a person’s body.
9 BMI Chart for Female Teens Some people make the mistake of comparing their weight to the weights of their peers.How can two women of the same age have vastly different weights and both be healthy?
10 BMI Chart for Male Teens Men naturally have less body fat than women, but can still become overweight and obese.What BMI puts a 15-year-old male at risk for becoming overweight?
11 BMI Cautions BMI is not foolproof Teens are still growing and have a different calculation method (see chart on page 152)Athletes and others with high muscle mass may have a high BMI and not be overweightMuscle density can affect calculationsBody Fat PercentageWater displacement methodElectrical impulse speed
12 Managing WeightHealthy weight may be a challenge to determine for teensTeens grow at an uneven rateMay be heavier just before growth spurtDifferent parts of the body may grow at different ratesTeen females develop some fat storesTalk to a dietitian or health care providerDo not compare yourself to friends or to media images
13 Managing WeightWeight gain occurs when more energy (calories) is taken in than is burned.Weight loss occurs when more energy (calories) is burned than is taken in.
14 Managing Weight 1 pound body fat = 3500 calories To lose weight healthfully:Avoid fad diets.Make gradual, positive changes in eating and exercise habits.To gain weight healthfully:Add extra, healthful calories to foods.Stay active.Develop muscle groups
15 A Healthy Weight Loss Plan 1 pound body fat = 3500 caloriesBehavior modificationMake gradual, permanent changes in eating habits(everyone is on a diet!)Set reasonable goals (talk to your doctor)Plan for gradual weight loss (about 1-2 pounds/week)Change eating habits (see tips pg 154)Manage emotional eatingIdentify your “triggers”
16 Managing Weight Increase physical activity Teens need both aerobic exercise (walking or swimming) and anaerobic exercise (dash running or strength training).Aerobic helps metabolize fatAnaerobic burns glycogen & builds musclesanaerobic exerciseInvolving short, intense bursts of activity “without oxygen.”aerobic exerciseAn activity that increases the heart and breathing rate for at least 20 minutes.
17 Managing WeightCalories Used in Common Activities
18 Managing Weight Enjoy the activity habit Choose something that you enjoyLook for ways to add activity to your dayCommercial Weight-Loss plansFad diets are popular diets not based on factsLearn to evaluate weight-loss plansDeveloped by qualified health professional?Does it fit with healthy eating plans?Reasonable claims?
19 Managing Weight Gaining Needed Weight Check with a health care professionalChoose the higher number of recommended servingsInclude healthful snacksAdd extra calories to the foods you eatAvoid skipping meals
20 Chapter SummaryThe ideal body myth does not reflect how most people look.Many people risk their health to attain the kind of body they see in the media, rather than embrace their natural overall shape and height, which are shaped by genetics.The overweight epidemic is a serious problem with many consequences and causes.
21 Chapter SummaryTo maintain a healthy weight, you should determine the weight that is right for you.Setting reasonable goals, managing emotions, and evaluating weight-loss plans are part of achieving a healthy weight.It is possible to lose, gain, and maintain weight through effort, discipline, and healthful eating and activities.
22 Chapter Summary, Additional The ideal body is a media myth.Overall shape and height are shaped by genetics.Many people risk their health to attain an unrealistic ideal.Lose, gain, and maintain weight through effort, discipline, and healthful eating and activities.
23 Chapter Summary, Additional To achieve and maintain a healthy weight:determine the weight that is right for you.set reasonable goals.manage emotions.evaluate weight-loss plans.
24 ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
25 índice de masa corporal body mass index (BMI)índice de masa corporalA measurement of body fat that uses a ratio of weight toheight.Una medida de la grasa corporal que usa la relación entre el peso y la altura.Show Definition
26 Having a Body Mass Index of between 25 and 29.9. overweightsobrepesoHaving a Body Mass Index of between 25 and 29.9.Tener un índice de masa corporal de entre 25 y 29.9.Show Definition
27 Having a Body Mass Index of over 30. obeseobesoHaving a Body Mass Index of over 30.Que tiene un índice de masa corporal por encima de 30.Show Definition
28 porcentaje de grasa corporal body fat percentageporcentaje de grasa corporalA comparison of theamount of fat and muscle in a person’sbody.Comparación entre la cantidad de grasa y músculo en el cuerpo de una persona.Show Definition
29 behavior modification modificación de comportamiento Making gradual, permanent changes in eating and activityhabits.Hacer cambios graduales y permanentes en los hábitos alimentarios y de actividad.Show Definition
30 alimentación emocional emotional eating Using food to relievenegative feelings.Usar alimentos para aliviar sentimientos negativos.Show Definition
31 aerobic exercise ejercicio aeróbico An activity that increases the heart and breathing rate for at least 20 minutes.Una actividad que incrementa el ritmo cardiaco y respiratorio por lo menos durante 20 minutos.Show Definition
32 Involving short, intense bursts of activity “without anaerobic exerciseejercicio anaeróbicoInvolving short, intense bursts of activity “withoutoxygen.”Involucra periodos de actividad cortos e intensos “sin oxígeno”.Show Definition
33 fad dietdieta de modaA popular weight-loss method that is not based on sound nutrition principles.Un método popular para perder peso que no está basado en principios de nutrición fundamentados.Show Definition