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Healthy Eating & Neutropenic Diet

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Presentation on theme: "Healthy Eating & Neutropenic Diet"— Presentation transcript:

1 Healthy Eating & Neutropenic Diet
Natasha Jones Specialist Dietitian – Haematology & Palliative Care

2 Healthy Eating Fruit and Vegetables Regular carbohydrates Low fat
Low Sugar Limited alcohol

3 Alcohol Linked with increase of developing certain cancers – as little as 1 unit per day Sensible drinking guidelines: - Men drink less than 3 units alcohol per day or 21 per week Women drink less than 2 units per day, or 14 per week Alcohol- 1 unit Half pint standard strength (3-4%) beer, lager or cider A single measure (25ml) of spirits A standard 175ml glass wine – 2 units A large glass of wine – 3 units Increase risk of mouth, oespho, breast and bowel.

4 Weight Maintain healthy weight
Being overweight increases risk of many cancers Try to keep weight within normal range (normal BMI) If aiming for weight loss – 1kg (2lbs) per week Only eat as much as you need Eat a balanced diet with lots of fruit and vegetables Eat less sugar and fat Be more physically active Overweight – bowel, kidney womb and oesph and breast in post menopausal women.

5 Background In Sept 2005 The BDA produced a professional consensus statement for the use of clean diets This arose due to the inconsistencies of practice amongst trusts and a lack of published evidence. BDA Haematology Subgroup – currently update

6 Neutropenia Following chemotherapy there is a risk of infection from bacteria or fungus in foods. This is due to: The white blood cells that would usually fight food poisoning bacteria are at a low level (neutropenia) The gut lining acts as a barrier between bacteria and the blood stream. Chemo and RT damage the gut lining making it easier

7 Neutropenia Neutropenia is defined as a neutrophil count below 1.0x109/L in patients undergoing conditioning pre transplant and below 0.5x109/L but increasing post transplant Limited evidence based on RCT therefore recommendation vary between institutes London Haematology Dietitians reviewed literature in conjunction with recent consensus – published by Leukaemia Research (EBMT, 2008) Due to the high dose chemotherapy patients receive when undergoing stem cell transplants, they experience significant immune suppression and infection remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality especially if they have undergone an allogeneic transplant (1). An increased vulnerability to pathogenic bacteria from food and gut derived pathogens has been suggested in the presence of low neutropil count exacerbated by potential mucosal damage from the conditioning regime (chemo/ radiotherapy or combination of both). Recently the London Haematology Dietitians Group has reviewed the literature in conjunction with a recent consensus statement and has provided guidelines that have been published by Leukaemia Research 7

8 Food Safety Shopping – avoid damaged/broken packaging, food from over packed fridges or freezers Check best before dates Storage – fridge & freezer temps, shelf positions Food preparation Cooking Eating out

9 Neutropenic Diet Foods to avoid: -
Soft ripened cheese (Brie, Camembert, goats cheese) Blue veined cheese Raw or lightly cooked shellfish Raw/undercooked meat, sushi, smoked items Raw eggs or undercooked egg Probiotic, live or bio products Paté All unpasteurised products Raw unpeeled fruit or vegetables including salad Uncooked herbs, spices and pepper Non-drinking water, bottle mineral or spring water

10 Any questions?

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