Presentation on theme: "The Impact of Careers Work: making the case Dr. Deirdre Hughes, OBE Commissioner, UKCES Chair, National Careers Council Associate Fellow, Warwick Institute."— Presentation transcript:
The Impact of Careers Work: making the case Dr. Deirdre Hughes, OBE Commissioner, UKCES Chair, National Careers Council Associate Fellow, Warwick Institute for Employment Research Director, DMH Associates
Overview Careers and labour market policies: individuals, jobs, skills and growth Challenges: young peoples participation in learning and work Careers impact: current prospects and future possibilities Careers intelligence: practical approaches
Public Policy Learning goals Labour market goals Social equity goals -Reframed to support policies for sustained jobs, growth and skills
5 Shifting paradigm in England From this…To this…
There is an urgent need to raise UK Skills levels to help drive productivity, growth and jobs. The skills and capabilities of our People are ultimately the basis for our long-term competitiveness. Vince Cable, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills Charlie Mayfield, Chairman, UK Commission for Employment and Skills
UK, compared to OECD competitors, in low, intermediate and higher level skills Low Skills Intermediate Skills High Skills Source: Bosworth, 2012
Training in the UK There are 2.3 million businesses of 1+ across the UK. 59% train (1.3 million) 41% do not train (0.9 million) 26% 15% Said they had no training need Of those who do not train: Perceived need but met barriers* *Also includes small proportion that said dont know or no reason, or that people learnt as they went Time Lack of information about what is available Barriers cited include: £ Cost Of which...
Major categories of public sector workers Category000s Civil servants 522 Teachers (England & Wales)476 Nurses (England) 408 Police285 HM Forces 193 Doctors134 Teaching assistants (England)125 Others 3,635 Total 5,778 Source: IFS Presentation not to be distributed without prior consent fromDr Deirdre Hughes
Creative & Digital £17m Service £18.4m Investment by Sector e-skills Skillset People 1st Manufacturing £19.5m Semta Cogent EU Skills Renewable UK Improve IMI Skills for Logistics FSP CC Skills Asset Skills Construction Skills Public Services £12.3m Justice ERSA Skills Active SfCD Skills for Health Skillsmart Summit Skills Built Environment £4.4m Agriculture £3.3m Lantra UKCES £75m
Key labour market challenges for youth (and adults) Source: ILO, 2010a, p.54
Youth Unemployment (Under 25) in 2012 Turbulent economies and fast changing political and social structures Careers work viewed as a lubricant that supports individuals, businesses and educational institutions Moves from learning to earning more problematic Fewer jobs and less decent work available Skills of young people are generally not in high demand from employers Not simply a case of mismatch or shortfall in skills Youth transitions are reportedly easier and safer in Austria, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands
The changing landscape Tougher policy measures New responsibilities: balance between individuals, state and markets Policy levers: –Continuing vocational training –Curriculum specific reforms –Communication between and across institutions and VET programmes –Co-financed measures –Co-training arrangements
Careers Learning Programme(s) What does good look like? A Practical Guide to Using the ACEG Framework for Careers and Work-Related Learning http://www.aceg.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/The-ACEG- Framework.pdf Why do it? Will it really make a difference? How will you know?
The evidence-base The research evidence has been largely hidden! Key facts We Know for Sure Links have to be made to added-value benefits, cost savings and extreme collaboration Following the brick dust rather than setting the vision Presentation not to be distributed without prior consent from Dr Deirdre Hughes
10 Key Facts We Know for Sure Childhood socialisation influences adult work performance and job satisfaction. The transition from school to work can be smoothed. Knowing how the world-of work is organised eases vocational decision making and job transitions. Individuals who have a high level of decision-making capability and a low level of life complexity generally experience less difficulty in making choices. Contacts also matter! Career learning supports occupational choice and enhance transitions into learning and work. (Hughes & Savickas, 2009) Presentation not to be distributed without prior consent from Dr Deirdre Hughes
Key Fact No 2 Morris et al. (1999) examined the impact of careers education and guidance provision on young peoples transition post-16. A key finding was that young people with more highly developed career exploration skills were more positive and confident about the choices they made post-16 and were more likely to make a successful transition. The key factor that seemed to underpin successful transition at 16 was the level of young peoples career exploration skills. Morris (2004) explored findings from large-scale research studies on careers education and guidance conducted over the previous decade. It is possible to identify the skills that promote successful transition and to trace links between successful transition and programmes of careers education and guidance. In particular, the importance of career exploration skills were highlighted; for example, the skills that young people need in order to use computerised systems, paper sources and people, to enable them to find out about their career options and/or the courses available to them. Presentation not to be distributed without prior consent from Dr Deirdre Hughes
10 Key Facts We Know for Sure Congruence between the worker and the job improves performance. Workers can learn to cope more effectively with occupational stress. Conflicts between career aspirations, work responsibilities and family obligations can cause personal tensions and can result in lower productivity in the workplace. Occupational segregation and skill shortages are major inhibitors to individual and workforce development Part-time and temporary work affects the socialisation and development of adolescents. (Hughes & Savickas, 2009) Presentation not to be distributed without prior consent from Dr Deirdre Hughes
Practical Approaches Database spreadsheets for systematically comparing inputs and outputs linked to progression and achievement rates Tailored reports for school principals and governors Differing survey questionnaires and approaches used for gaining feedback to feed back into curriculum / service design and curriculum delivery Reflective journals / CPD module for recording impact and assessment of careers and guidance-related interventions Where are the jobs? – Powerpoint template for adaptation Visit: http://deirdrehughes.org/publications/http://deirdrehughes.org/publications/ Inspiring others as we too operate in a climate of changing fiscal policy and labour market uncertainty. Presentation not to be distributed without prior consent from Dr Deirdre Hughes
Whats your vision? The storyboard on careers Measuring activities: impact on learners aspirations, achievements and attainment Making effective use of hard & soft data Motivating individuals: decision-making engagement & resilience Managing expectations: career adaptability Meaning and relevance to different individuals & groups: students, staff, parents, governors, Ofsted, quality assessors etc. Getting started: http://www.inspiringthefuture.org/employers.aspx
A call for solution-focussed approaches The symbol in Chinese for crisis is made up of two ideographs: one means danger, the other means opportunity. This symbol is a reminder that we can choose to turn a crisis into an opportunity or into a negative experience. The difference between try and triumph is a little umph
Thank You! For further information Deirdre Hughes, DMH Associates Greenfields, 116 Heanor Road, Smalley Derbyshire DE7 6DX ENGLAND tel: 07533 545057 email: email@example.com@btinternet.com http://deirdrehughes.org/ Skype: deirdre.hughes3 Careers policy, research, training and consultancy services at a local, national, European and international level.