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Dr. M. Alper KUTAY, TÜBİTAK Vice-President

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. M. Alper KUTAY, TÜBİTAK Vice-President"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Current Situation of the Academic Research in Turkey: 2023 Vision and Internationalization
Dr. M. Alper KUTAY, TÜBİTAK Vice-President TACHE Conference, April 26th, 2014

2 Drastic Increase in Resources Allocated to RDI
0.92 R&D expenditures reached to 11 billion $ with an annual growth rate of 16% Since 2006, Turkey has passed Israel, Austria, Belgium, Finland and Mexico in R&D expenditures 0.53 FTE Researchers (2012) 3.5 times since 2002 82 Turkey continues to increase its R&D investments since the turn of the new century. In 2011, Turkey’s GERD/GDP was 0.86%. As you see from the figure there is a drastic increase in business sector R&D investments. R&D expenditures reached to 11 billion PPP $ with an annual growth rate of 16% Since 2006, Turkey has passed Israel, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium, Finland and Mexico in R&D expenditures TUBITAK is like a catalyst in this advancement, where we provide more than $ 400 mio R&D grants per year. This money is directly injected to universities and private sector. All the funds that are created will have a more positive impact if they match up with increasing numbers of researchers as well. Turkey has gained a good momentum in this area as you can see and FTE researcher is now around 24

3 Patents and Publications are also Increasing
6 times increase ( ) Scientific Publications: 3 times increase ( ) A measure of scientific performance and capacity to transfer and/or exchange the produced knowledge, international publication is an intermediary output in the innovation system that may lead to new products and processes. The number of publications is also increasing. Again an area of constant progress, but we are fully aware that there is still a lot to do to move these numbers up. It is equally important to enhance quality of these papers. Lastly the patent applications which again has been shifting upwards in the last 6-7 years. Of course, these are nice developments but we know that they are not enough. We not only need to keep this pace but also come with innovative ways to feed the qualitative features.

4 Turkish Government’s Philosophy on RDI
Every six months R&D policy of Turkey is reviewed in Supreme Council of Science and Technology chaired by the Prime Minister himself National Targets for the 100th Anniversary of Turkey The government understands the challenges the middle-income trap poses and it sees the solution in these three words: R&D, innovation, and entrepreneurship. Turkish officials put great interest to discuss about the future R&D priorities of the country. For example the Turkish research system is led by the Supreme Council of Science and Technology . The SCST is chaired by the prime minister and is composed of the related ministers and high level representatives of government bodies, universities and NGOs. That’s why the government set the R&D target to 3 percent of the GDP by the year 2023, and 2/3s of this allocation should come from the private sector. In the last 10 years, Turkey ranked the second in the pace of increase in R&D spending. The R&D spending is increasing not by percentages, but by multiples. For example, number of researchers increased 3 folds, GERD 3,5 folds, BERD 5 folds, patents 5,5 folds since 2002. Government has all the intentions to be at the top in the pace of R&D budget increase. R&D expenditures/ GDP : 3% Private sector R&D expenditures / GDP : 2% Researchers: 300 thousand (FTE) Private sector researchers : 180 thousand (FTE)

5 Fostering Innovation Ecosystem
Universities are one of the main pillars of a strong innovation ecosystem and realising 2023 Vision . University Main actors Academicians Researcher/Students . University Public Sector Private Sector Initiatives Support Programs Scholarships

6 Innovation and Education System at SCST Meetings
Many of the decrees adopted in SCST meetings involve universities R&D Start-ups Enhancing TTOs Mini Entrepreneurship MBA Education Let me speak about major decisions of the last three meetings of the SCST. The meeting which was held at the end of 2011 was mainly focused on innovation and entrepreneurship system of Turkey. So far, what I say is built on the decisions of the 23th meeting of the Supreme Council. For example, it has been decided to develop policies to provide R&D intense start-ups ready to access finance and complementary mentorship supports at all stages of the life cycle of start-ups embracing a tailor-made approach, and to establish an adequate innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem to increase the number of R&D intense start-ups in Turkey. Furthermore, this resolution involves another decision that will enable governmental organizations to take part in venture capital funds in order to increase their effectiveness, especially in the seed funding and start-up capital phases, and to invigorate venture capital funds in total in Turkey. Thus, it is expected to activate and enhance the commercialization process of research results. Another example can be given by the decree aiming at developing policy tools to trigger innovation and entrepreneurship in the universities by 1) developing proper mechanisms to support technology transfer offices with an aim to trigger the commercialization of research conducted at universities 2) developing proper mechanisms to support technology incubators with an aim to provide a gate between universities and technoparks 3) developing an index to measure the entrepreneurship and innovativeness performances of universities with an aim to increase the entrepreneurship and innovation oriented competition between the universities 4) redesigning academic promotion criteria to foster entrepreneurship and innovative activities of academicians University Entrepreneurship Index Structuring of Scholarships Video Courses

7 ARDEB - Support for Academy
Number of project proposal has increased more than1.5 folds in the last 2 years, with 355 million TRY total budget in 2013 Average Annual Project Proposal 5.017 Average Annual Project Proposal 6.998 Fundemental Research 1001, 3501, 3001(N) Research 1001, 1002, 1003(N), 1011, 3001(N) Development 1002, 1005 (N), 1007, 1011 PTİ, PPÖ (N), UBYT

8 1003 – University Driven Mission Oriented R&D Funding
Target: Middle and large scale projects Increase in public-private sector- university collaboration Systematic determination of annual calls First Time Who can apply? Support Properties University PhD Degree Private/ Public Institutions Bachelor Degree Support Duration Up to months Support Amount Up to 2,5 million TL Application Period 2 staged application İndigenious Pharmaceutical and Vaccines 4G Mobile Communication Technologies 2.308 applications in 42 calls Examples NEW

9 1005 – Supporting National New Ideas and Products Research
National Production National Technology For increasing national independence Incresing competitivenes s To asist projects that have a wide impact value and will be developed with national technology via Developement of national know-how For increasing national independence Direct technology transfer First Time Examples Chip design and prodution for LCDs Developmet of medical implants NEW

10 3001 – Start-Up R&D Projects Support Program
Special support to the researchers that will conduct R&D project for the first time First Time Up to 60k TL 3001 Start-Up R&D Projects Support Program For increasing the knowledge of conducting R&D projects We want to open the way for more researchers to prepare R&D projects. One of the new support programs that we have launched is the 3001 program that allows researchers who will conduct R&D projects for the first time to compete in a separate pool from the more advanced researchers. This program provides up to 60 k TL and in the first 3 months of this year we have received 373 project applications. 2014 373 project applications in 3 months NEW

11 1601.1 - Entrepreneurship Certificate Program in Universities
First Time More entrepreneur university gradutes... One of the unique programs in the world Creative Thinking Project Development Culture Mentorship Developing awereness of innovativeness and entrepreneurship within university students Supporting accomplishing successful businss ideas in early stage NEW

12 1001 – Support Program for S&T Research Projects
Bottom up support program for science in Turkey Generating new information Interpreting scientific findings Solving technological problems on a scientific basis Who can apply? Support Properties Duration Up to 36 months Fund Up to 360 k TL Application Period March-September University PhD Degree Private/ Public Institutions Bachelor Degree Sabbatical İzinler için en az 3 ay en çok 12 ay maksimum dolar Normal Destek: En az 1 hafta en çok 12 ay maksimum dolar During last year supported projects increased 40% 2012: 535, 2013: 746

13 Successful Projects Performance Award
Award according to project performance First Time Up to 100k TL award for successfully completed projects Indicators Article Patent Conference paper Product / Model / Firm Book Diffusion Award Educating researchers Sub-indicators Number of Articles Indexed Number of Other Refereed Articles NEW

14 Incentive Program for International Scientific Publications
Incentives for quality-oriented article Up to 5000 TL article support for researchers First Time Quality is growing exponentially when incentives increase! Each journal is graded using objective criteria Turkish scientiest are active contributors to the international stock of knowledge. Through our incentive program for international scientific publications, we reward researchers who publish in recognized journals. Each journal is grated using objective criteria and researchers will receive a higher incentive for publishing in a better journal. The impact of this program is noteworthy. We see that quality grows exponentially when the incentives increase. NEW

15 Project Overhead Increases According To Performance
from 10 %  to 50% Project overhead will vary from university to university More performance more project overhead Calculations will be based on objective criteria REVISION

16 1512 - More R&D Based Start-Ups
Individual Entrepreneurship Support Programme IDEA Phase 1 Submission of the idea and Business plan preparation Entrepreneurship training and mentorship support Evaluation Entrepreneurship Activities Phase 2 Technological affirmation and Seed-Funding Techno-entrepreneurship Capital Support (55 Thousand $; grant) INCORPORATION Mentorship Support Evaluation Product Development Phase 3 TÜBİTAK 1507 Support Programme (310 Thousand $; %75 Grant) The companies which have successfully completed MoSIT Techno-Entrepreneurship Support Programme PROTOTYPE We have made also efforts to develop a system that will trigger the number of young people with entrepreneurial spirit, innovative ideas. With this aim we have launched a multistage programme aiming to support individual entrepreneurs to transform their technology and innovation focused business ideas into enterprises. Beside providing grants for young entrepreneurs 1512 program, also has a guidance/mentorship foot. We hope that in the future this program will be the flagship for innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem. We expect that it will play the same role what SBIR is doing now in US. Evaluation Enterance to Market Phase 4 Commercialization, Project Brokarage, Venture Capital Companies MARKET

17 1513 - More Commercialization of R&D
A new insight into technology transfer First Time Up to 10 million TL support for each universities TTO concept was introduced into universities New TTOs were established, current TTOs were renewed Call result of 2012 Call result of 2013 Boğaziçi, Ege, Gazi, Hacettepe, Koç, Ortadoğu Teknik, Özyeğin, Sabancı, Selçuk ve Yıldız ISO_Sunum_v9_videolu NEW

18 Entrepreneurial and Innovative Universities
Entrepreneurial and Innovative University Index is developed in cooperation with 168 universities and 10 public institutions Entrepreneurship and innovation culture Scientific and technological competence Sample Indicators Number of firms established by academicians Number of firms established by students/graduated students Employment in those firms Patents Licences R&D and innovation projects Entrepreneurship, innovation lessons/trainings Intellectual property pool Economic contribution and commercialization Entrepreneur and Innovative University In order to boost entrepreneurial and innovative activities in universities we have developed special index which ranks the universities in Turkey. This index is prepared for the first time in Turkey and will be renewed and announced each year. The index is composed of 5 dimensions as; scientific and technological research competence, intellectual property pool, cooperation and interaction, enterpreneurship and innovation culture and economic contribution and commercialization; which covers 23 indicators overall. Beginning from the next year, this ranking will be announced to public before the university eliminations are made. This ranking does not have an educational theme but ultimately aims to promote entrepreneurial and innovative activities  in the universities according to their third mission; beside education and research. Cooperation and Interaction Note: MoSIT, Ministry of Development, TurkStat, Ministry of Finance ,The Council of Higher Education, TUBA, KOSGEB,TUBITAK, Turkish Patent Institution, TTGV

19 Supporting Skilled R&D Human Resources
Over 25k scientists are supported within 33 different programs New Support Programs NEW NEW NEW International Graduate Scholarship (2213) Industry Focused Thesis Project Contest Software, Entrepreneurship and Innovativeness Contest Education opportunity in the first 100 universities in the Times University ranking Supporting of thesis focusing on industrial needs Fostering software development, entrepreneurship&innovativeness in youth Inbound-Outbound Mobility Support Programs REVISION NEW Fellowships for Visiting Scientists and Scientists on Sabbatical Leave (2221) Return Home” Fellowship Program (2232) Besides these programs and incentives, TUBİTAK gives fellowships to strengthen the linkage between students and the researchers. We provide 33 different programs to support skilled R&D human resources. A total of 25 thousand scientists have been supported. With a new international graduate scholarship, we provide education opportunity in the first 100 universities in the Times University ranking. Moreover, our two new contests include support of theses that focus on industrial needs and fostering of software development, entrepreneurship, and innovativeness in youth. Also I would like to give details of some examples of our revised and newly developed inbound-outbound mobility support programs. Grants fellowships for international scientists/researchers Supporting brain gain of Turkish researchers who study / work abroad REVISION NEW Fostering software development, entrepreneurship&innovativeness in youth Co-Funded Brain Circulation Scheme (2236) Joint-Degree Doctorate Scholarship Program (2214/B) Grants fellowships for international scientists/researchers to work in Turkey Supporting joint-degree PhD students

20 BIDEB - Middle Eastern Countries Mobility Statistics
Country Inbound Mobility of Students/Researchers Outbound Mobility of Students/Researchers Saudi Arabia 2 - Jordan 7 Yemen Iraq 12 U.A.E. 1 Bahrain Lebanon Qatar Kuwait Egypt 33 4 Oman Palestine 29 In this slide; I would like to share the numbers of students/researchers mobility between Turkey and Arabic Countries. In last decade; Turkey supported 92 students/researchers from Arabic Countries, mainly benefited from TUBITAK Scholarships. Of course, this number would rise by including other institutions’ figures into account. 7 Turkish students/researchers has also benefited from TUBITAK Scholarships to go to these countries for the education within the same period. Today, Turkey and TUBİTAK in particular, have several new mobility programs for the international student/researcher exchange. I would like to invite the countries and relevant counter partner organizations to get more active to get benefit from these programs.

21 Multilateral Participation:
TUBITAK: A Hub to Exploit New Links in the Region Bilateral Programs : with 22 Countries Multilateral Participation: 31 Organisations Currently, we have active joint programmes with 22 countries. In these cooperation schemes, collaborative research grants are being given. As you know, Framework Programmes are one of the most influential tools for building science and technology cooperation with Europe. Since 2002, Turkey is utilizing this tool both to collaborate with European countries and other countries. FP not only helped us to integrate with European Research Area but also provided a substantial ground to further extend our international cooperation. Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) COMSTECH Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation

22 Relations with Middle Eastern Countries
Country Inter governmental Agreements R&D Protocols with Institutions Attempts to Sign Protocol EU FP Projects Saudi Arabia - 2 Jordan 11 Yemen Iraq U.A.E. Bahrain Lebanon 10 Qatar Kuwait Egypt 28 Oman Palestine 8 The Arabic countries are the interest of TUBİTAK in terms of science and Technology cooperation. However, I shall admit that both bilateral and plurilateral relations with the region is not at a desired level. For instance; Of the 12 countries within the region we have intergovernmental agreement only with 4 countries such as Jordan, Yemen, Lebanon and Kuwait, and I can not say that they are active. Of the 12 countries, TUBITAK has R&D protocol solely with Egypt. Through the current situation, we have been giving utmost attention to keep the relation active with this country particularly with the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. However, as a good news, I can share this information with you that, TUBITAK has recently attempted to sign R&D protocol with 6 regional countries such as S. Arabia, Jordan, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait and Palestine. I believe that we will accomplish the official process with this countries within 2014. Beside the bilateral agreements we have also EU-FP project based partnership with the Arabic countries. In last 7 years, TUBITAK accomplished 61 EU-FP7 projects with 5 regional countries, mostly with Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine S. Arabia and United Arab Emirates. We expect even the higeher figures also in H2020 program.

23 Thank You

24 Fellowships for visiting scientists and scientists on sabbatical leave
2221- BİDEB Inbound Mobility Fellowships for visiting scientists and scientists on sabbatical leave Who can apply? Host Institution Fellowship Duration 1 week (min.) 12 months (max.) Fellowship Amount $ monthly stipend (for Prof.) + Travel Expenses + Health Insurance Application Periods Every month Deadline Last workday of the month University PhD Degree Private/ Public Institutions PhD or 5 Year Experience Starting with the 2221 fellowship for inbound mobility, our target audience is visiting scientists and scientists on sabbatical leave. The fellowship duration is a minimum of 1 week and a maximum of 12 months. We provide a dollar monthly stipend plus travel expenses and health insurance. The applications are made by the host institution REVISION

25 “Return Home” Fellowship Program
BİDEB Inbound Mobility “Return Home” Fellowship Program Support rate 72% Who can apply? Duration Up to 24 months Fellowship Amount $ monthly stipend + Travel Expenses + Health Insurance Res. Support TL Right to apply other TÜBİTAK programs Application Period Every month Deadline Turkish Researchers MS 6 years experience Ph.D. 4 year experience Post Doc 2 years experience In the Return Home Fellowship Program, we support Turkish researchers with a monthly stipend plus a research support. With such a set up, we encourage our research dispora to return back to the country with their research ideas. NEW

26 Co-Funded Brain Circulation Scheme (Co-Circulation Scheme)
BİDEB Inbound Mobility Co-Funded Brain Circulation Scheme (Co-Circulation Scheme) Who can apply? Host Institution Fellowship Duration months Fellowship Amounts Experienced Researcher 4.167 € (gross) Very Experienced Researcher 4.792 € (gross) Research Grant to the Host Institution 600 €/month Application Periods May - September Experienced years of experience Very Experienced More then 10 years of experience As for the Co-Funded Brain Circulation Scheme, we provide two kinds of fellowships for experienced and a highly experienced researcher. In addition to the fellowship grant, we provide a research grant to the host institution. Based on this scheme, we award both the researcher and the host institution of the researcher. The researcher should have been living abroad for at least 2 years in the last 3 years. The host institution should guarantee researcher’s employment REVISION

27 NEW 2214/B - BİDEB Outbound Mobility
Scholarship Program for Joint-Degree PhD students Who can apply? Scholarship Duration 24 months (max.) Scholarship Amount $ / € + Travel Expenses Application Periods 2 periods Application Deadlines March & October PhD Student Joint PhD Agreements As another example of the internatioanlization in our support programs, we provide a Scholarship Program for Joint-Degree PhD students. We expect joint PhD agreements and provide a scholarship of dollars. If the two universities have a joint PhD program and thus an agreement, this program supports the Turkish PhD students to undertake part of their study in that foreign university. NEW

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