H.S. Students English Oral Training for Specific Purposes Presented by Ling, Yuling ( ) Kaohsiung Municipal Hsin Chuang S. H. School ( )
2 Speaking in English Learning & Teaching 1. English speaking interaction is infrequent between T and Ss. 2. Oral training is time-consuming due to Ss learning experience and general ability. 3. Speaking ability is not tested in most exams and thus least regarded. 4. Ss lack the motivation to practice speaking. 5. Ss seldom speak English to communicate in real life. 6. Speaking ability is seemingly an individual need. Speaking is the first and the most frequently used ability in real English environment and should not be neglected!
3 Suggested Method of Speaking Training General Practice in Class Special Guides for Specific Purposes Individual Training to meet individual needs
4 Incorporating 1. Using repetition to modify pronunciation and intonation & to improve fluency Material: Listening Practice Section in each lesson of the textbook Method: (1) Ss listen to a whole passage & respond to comprehension Qs (2) T dissects the passage sentence by sentence & has Ss repeat Notes: (1) Start training with key-word filling (2) Make sentence-completion according to the length of sentences & Ss ability Effects: (1) Ss are more attentive in listening for messages (2) Ss oral ability is improved by imitation General Practice in Class
5 2. Conducting individual oral presentation in class Material: Discussion Section after each reading article in each lesson Method: (1) Guide Ss to brainstorm on the topic in class (2) Ss take turns contributing to the topic in speech form Notes: (1) T checks the audiences understanding by asking Qs, after each presentation (2) Have the audience make comment on the presentation Effects: (1) Ss select their own topic to make an oral report (2) Ss proceed peer learning & collaborative learning (3) Ss practice speaking for better grades
6 A Demonstration of Repetition (1) T demonstrates sentence repetition
1. English Speech Contest Picture-Description 2. English Proficiency Test Reading Aloud Questions & Answers Photo Description 3. College Entrance Interview Individual Interview Self-introduction & Q&A, Passage Reading & Q&A, Passage Reading & Summary Random Talk Group Interview Panel Discussion Special Guides for Specific Purposes
10 1. English Speech Contest (picture- description
11 A Demonstration of Picture-Description (Narration) 308
12 A Demonstration of Picture-Description (Narration & Dialogue) 308
13 A Demonstration of Picture-Description (Narration, Dialogue & Personal Response) 308
14 2. English Proficiency Test Part I: Read Aloud Ss are given 1 min to silently read 2 passages before reading them aloud ************************************************** Part II: Questions & Answers Ss respond to 10 Qs, 15 seconds for Qs 15 and 30 seconds for Qs 610 Part III: Photo Description Ss are given 30 seconds to look at a real-life picture before describing it by responding to 4 related Qs in 1.5 mins.
15 Part II: Questions & Answers 1. What kind of shoes are you wearing now? Describe them. 2. Have you been to a concert? Tell me about it. 3. When was the last time you saw a cockroach? What did you do then? 4. If you found someone following you on your way home, what would you do? 5. Your friend, Sam, just won the first prize in a speech contest. Congratulate him.
16 6. What can parents do to prevent their children from watching too much TV? 7. Which do you prefer, an electronic dictionary or an ordinary one? Why? 8. In your opinion, what are the advantages of living downtown? 9. Your friend, Jessica, looks pale and tired. Ask her some questions about that. 10. Is it a good idea to separate garbage? Please explain.
17 A Demonstration of Questions & Answers Items 1-5 Items 6-10 (Before the Tips Given)
18 Helpful Tips Repeat the pattern of the question to answer. Give an answer of 2 sentences for questions 1 to 5 and 3 sentences for questions 6 to 10 in minimum. Speak as much as possible if your language is fluent. Do not apologize for failing to comprehend the question. Avoid meaningless repetitions like ah, hmm or I think as well as hesitation. Project your voice and keep the same volume till the end. Dont give up even if you have failed 3 questions.
19 A Demonstration of Questions & Answers (After the Tips Given) Items 1-5 Items 6-10
21 A Demonstration of Photo Description (Before the Tips Given)
22 Helpful Tips Do not answer each of the 4 questions with only one sentence. Try to respond two or more sentences to each question and make your description up to 8 sentences at least, preferably 10 to 12 sentences. Connect the background information to the main subject. Communication is more important than structure or grammar.
23 A Demonstration of Photo Description (After the Tips Given)
24 3. College Entrance Interview Individual Interview Group Interview Self-introduction & Q&A, Passage Reading & Q&A, Passage Reading & Summary Random Talk Opinion Contribution Panel Discussion Individual Training to meet individual needs
25 Elements of Performance Skills Content & Quantity T gives Ss simulative questions to prepare for answers. Pronunciation & Fluency Discriminative vowels need to be corrected. Practice makes fluency. Volume & Pace Project the voice and keep a steady pace. Appearance & Attitude Communication & Interaction
28 Video Clip: Individual Interview Read aloud a passage Oral summary
29 Video Clip: Individual Interview Read aloud a paragraph Answer questions
30 Video Clip: Individual Interview Self-Introduction Answer questions
31 Video Clip: Individual Interview Random Questions
32 Feedback from the Students Speaking Training is a precious process. It is exciting and unforgettable. I have spoken more English in the past 2 weeks than the past 2 years! I like to look into the mirror, watching myself speaking English. Now I know I can speak English. I will keep my speaking practice in college. I will not be afraid to speak to foreigners. Speaking is fascinating. Once you start it, you will love it!
33 The training is short, but the effect is long. Thank You!
34 An Example of Group Interview (97 ) Writing: Write answers to guided questions on the poem The Road Not Taken Speaking: *3 examiners & 6 examinees (1) Ss Read an article from Dear Abbey (2) Ss contribute opinions on 2 topics: *State your viewpoint on this article. *Talk on mothers love for children.
35 An Example of Individual Interview (97 ) Writing: Write an article of 50 to 100 words in 15 mins on If you have an MP3 or iPod, what kind of audio material will you store in it? Speaking: (1) How did you come here? Who came with you? (2) Read an short passage. (3) Look at a picture & answer 2 questions: *What is the picture about? *Have you ever sent an e-card? (4) Read an article & give the main idea of it.