Presentation on theme: "Ham Radio in Lithuania History:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ham Radio in Lithuania History: 1918-1940 Antanas Zdramys LY1DL
2 From Marconi to W.W. I1900s: first radio amateurs after Marconi experiments. 1-7 miles QSOsNo stations over 200m4000 amateurs in (most in USA)200m band alocated1000 miles distance reachedRadio amateurs in W.W. I (3/4 from USA)
3 After WW IHiram Percy Maxim proclomation – meeting in NY (11 veterans)ARRL reetablishedVacuum tubes invented – 1st 2000 miles
4 1921-23: first transatlantic Paul Godley (ARRL) experiments1921: 30 USA stns hrd fm EU1922: 315 USA hrd in EU, 2 G and 1 F hrd in USA, but no QSO even with 1 KW1923: experiments on 130m and 90m.November 1923: Schnell (1MO) and Reinartz (1XAM) QSO with Deloy (8AB) on 110m
5 :ham radio withdrawn from HF, only 160, 80, 40, 20, 10, 5 m bands leftFirst EU-VK QSO on 40 m.IARU founded on April 17, 1925 in Paris (about 200 delegates from 23 countries)
6 B. Talutis LY1X – 1st ham in LY 1918: first QSO on 300m in Šiauliai1927: QSO with France fom Kėdainiai (LYT)1928: ET1X1931: LY1X1932: first license
7 LY stations before 1930LY1HB B. Heraldas: first phone QSO with Saarbrucken from BiržaiLY1E – Eljaševičius from KaunasLY1MB – E. Bartninkas from MarijampolėLY1B – O. Benkis from KlaipėdaV. Vanagas: YL2BV (student in Riga)
8 1931-1932: First licenses 1931. LY1X started appealing April 23, Permission No – First licence to operate1932 licences:LY1XLY1AALY1JLY1S
10 Birth of LRMD LY1AA and LY1J actions P.O. box No. 100 in KaunasLY addresses in Call Book MagazineProposal to establish LRMFirst Meeting (Kaunas, March 4, 1933)LY1AA, LY1AB, LY1AC, LY1AD, LY1E, LY1J, LY1S and LY1ZBLithuanian Short-Waves Radio Amateur Society (October 2, 1938)
11 1939 60.000 amateurs in the world: 35 morse code lessons from LY1J trx in USA64 in LY35 morse code lessons from LY1J trxEnglish class (17 pers. audience)Book “Radijo mėgėjas”: 3000 copiesQSLs printed2.235 LT income, LT expenses
12 CQ LRM - First contest 1939.02.12 06:00-24:00 phone :00-24:00 telegraphy10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 m.Trophies for winners, awards for allResults: phone: LY1J (54), LY1AT (44), LY1AP (44), LY1S (44). SWL: Ms. Balčiūtė (60), Mr.Stanėnas (59), Mr. Starevičius (52).Results: CW: LY1S (34), LY1BX (34), LY1AI (30). SWL: LYR04, LYR09.
13 Second LRM contest 1940.02.11 06-24, 40 and 80 m. Telephony winners: LY1AP-432, LY1S-420, LY1AT participants.Telegraphy winners: LY1BX-390, LY1J-264, LY1AT participants.SWL telephony: V.Severinas-3336, (8 participants)SWL CW: (3 participants) V.Zelenkevicius
14 1940 LRM regular traffics and bulletins: 1940.01.07 LRM annual meeting Nr. 1:Nr. 2:LRM annual meetingPresident: Petras Vanagaitis LY1JSecretary: Simas Grina LY1ARQSL manager LY1KKLog books printed (packs of 200 pages)Cold winter, but good DX conditions on March. LY1S made 70 QSOs with USA during % telephony S9 reported.
15 Plans forEstablish HQ - so far every other week in one Kaunas restaurantMore CW lessons (LY1AT radio)Next bookNext contestConsultation centreMonthly QTCRadio broadcasts every 2 weeks on 41mLRMD pins production (started on 1940)Special QSL stamps (LY1BG QSL manager)Library for LRMD members
16 Licensing in 1940In general the work of Lithuanian radio amateurs is subject to the laws issued by the government in 1939The permit to keep a short wave transmitter is given to persons not younger than seventeen and who have passed the necessary examinationsDuring the first year the new radio amateur can work only at telegraph and later also at the telephone.Only 50 watts first 2 years.Exams on invited, 9 participated, 6 passed.
17 Beginning of WW IIThe private radio transmitters was stopped at 6 o’clock on the 17th September, 1939: LY1J and LY1S moved to Vilnius with army and established communication to Kaunas. They visited SP amateurs in Vilnius, but found only a few.Transmission once more allowed from , but communication between belligerent states in Europe was forbidden.1940 March: transmission forbidden in: OE, ON, XZ, VE, OK, OZ, OH, F, DL, G, EI, LX, PA, Z, LA, P, CT, YO, ZS, SM, HB.ES: Stopped on , allowed from
18 IARUApplied on 1939Voted for LY: K, SU, VY, PA, ZL, YV, F, CT, G. No votes against.Today no info about initiation.Re-initiated on 1992.
19 Survived LY hams Almost everybody emigrated LY1AP lives in USA LY1VV S.K. on 2000.LY1BX still active, honor member of LRMD.
20 Wilenski Klub Krotkofalowcow (tnx UY5XE) Date of foundation WKK (55 members: HAMs + SWLs). President - kpt. Roman Siekierski (SP3MR).president Dr. Adolf Kopec.WKK (27 HAMs) - one is 5 founders of PZK.president Dr. Adolf Kopec.president inz. T.Dabrowski.
21 Nw QRU, 73!Товариство Прихильникiв Радio Литви засвiдчує найкращi бажання Львiвському Клубовi Короткохвильовцiв з нагоди ювiлею 80-ої рiчницi !