3 Background9/11 after-action reports called for the US government to “Consolidate” the screening process. Before this time, approximately 12 different government agencies had some type of “terrorist watch list”As a result, the Terrorist Screening Center was established by Homeland Security Presidential Directive 6, on September 16, 2003.
4 Homeland Security Presidential Directive-6/MOU Consolidated ApproachThe Attorney General shall establish an organization [TSC] to consolidate the Government's approachto terrorism screening ,create a consolidated data base of terrorist names and identifiers], andprovide for the appropriate and lawful use of Terrorist Information in screening processes.International Sharing of Terrorist Identity InformationThe Terrorist Screening Center and the Department of State shall enhance cooperation with our international partners and establish appropriate access to terrorist screening information, beginning with the Visa Waiver Program countries.Civil Liberty ProtectionThe Attorney General, in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of Central Intelligence shall implement appropriate procedures and safeguards with respect to all such information about United States persons.“consolidate the Government's approachto terrorism screening”“enhance cooperation with our international partners and establish appropriate access to terrorist screening information”Two Feeds of InformationThe heads of executive departments and agencies shall, to the extent permitted by law, provide to the National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC) on an ongoing basis all appropriate International Terrorist Information in their possession, custody, or control. (Domestic terrorist information will be supplied to the FBI)“provide to the National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC) on an ongoing basis all appropriate International Terrorist Information in their possession, custody, or control” (Domestic terrorist information will be supplied to the FBI)HSPD-6 did not directly mention the TSC, but this was part of the accompanying MOU.References to the National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC) have been inserted to replace the Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) as a result of the 9/11 Commission Report and recommendations to overhaul the Intelligence Community. The official name change TTIC -> NCTC is scheduled to take place on December 6, 2004.“shall implement appropriate procedures and safeguards with respect to all such information about United States persons”
5 On December 1, 2003, the TSC became operational. EstablishmentOn December 1, 2003, the TSC became operational.On March 12, 2004, all the U.S. Government watch lists were consolidated into one “Terrorist Screening Data Base.” This is commonly referred to as the “Watch List”.The TSC, with a staff of over 370, provides 24/7, 365 coverage for our law enforcement & intelligence community customers.
6 TSC MISSION Consolidate and Coordinate the government’s approach to terrorism;Screen and facilitate informationsharing to protect the Nation and ourforeign partners;Safeguarding civil liberties.
7 Terrorist Screening Center’s Primary Partners: Federal Bureau of Investigation – DT/IT Investigations JTTFs (Threat Assessments) and LEGATS.Department of State - all Embassies and Consulates around the world.Department of Homeland Security - all ports of entry for the United States.Transportation Security Administration / No Fly and Selectee Lists.Federal, State, Local, Tribal & Territorial Law Enforcement - YOU!Interaction is 24/7/365 with the above entities
8 U.S. Government Integrated Terrorist Nominations Process
9 TSDB Government Benefits Law Enforcement Airlines Special Events Visas PassportsVisasAirlinesLaw EnforcementSpecialEventsPortWorkersHazmatGovernmentBenefitsTSDB
10 Four Tier ApproachZiad JarrahIdentify ThemOverseasINTERNATIONALPARTNERSStop Them BeforeThey Get To U.S.DEPARTMENT OF STATEStop Them AtOur BordersDEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITYEncounter ThemIn the U.S.FED/STATE/LOCALLAW ENFORCEMENT and DHS PRIVATE SECTOR SCREENINGRECEIVING / VETTING NOMINEES TO TSDB IS BUT ONE OF OUR FUNCTIONS. WE ALSO MUST:DISSEMINATE TERRORIST INFO TO THOSE AGENCIES WHO REQUIRE IT;RESPOND TO THOSE WHO BELIEVE THEY HAVE ENCOUNTERED SOMEONE LISTED IN TSDB. WE THEREFORE HAVE A 24 X 7 X 365 CALL CENTER;PREPARE ANALYTICAL PRODUCTS PERTAINING TO ENCOUNTERS WITH THOSE CONFIRMED TO BE LISTED IN TSDB;WE ALSO SERVE AS THE ORIGINATOR OR IMPETUS FOR MANY NEW FBI PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATIONS AND FULL FBI COUNTERTERRORISM NVESTIGATIONSREGARDING THE FOUR TIER APPROACH, OR DEFENSE IN DEPTH DISCUSSED ON 6TH SLIDE, TSDB IS UTILIZED AT ALL FOUR TIERS.WITH COOPERATION OF INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS, WE ASSIST IN IDENTIFYING KNOW / SUSPECTED TERRORISTS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.PASSPORT PICTURED ON SLIDE 6 WAS RECOVERED AT PENNSYLVANIA CRASH SITE AND BELONGED TO ONE OF 9/11 HIJACKERS. TODAY, THOSE SEEKING A VISA TO ENTER U.S. ARE VETTED AGAINST T TSDB.SURVEILLANCE PHOTOGRAPH ON SLIDE 6 IS ONE OF 9/11 HIJACKERS AT BOSTON’S LOGAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. TODAY, THOSE SEEKING AIR TRANSIT TO U.S., OR SEEKING TO CROSS INTO U.S. VIA A PORT OF ENTRY ARE ALSO VETTED AGAINST TSDB BY CBP.ENCOUNTER PICTURED ON RIGHT ON SLIDE 6 IS OF 911 HIJACKER THAT PILOTED UNITED AIRLINES # 93 WHICH CRASHED IN PENNSYLVANIA. OUR TSC 24 X 7 CALL CENTER ANSWERS TO JUST THIS TYPE OF SCENARIO.KEY ELEMENTS: Information, Communication, Coordination, And De-conflictionACHIEVABLE GOAL: Everybody Screening For Terrorism Has The Same Data AndCan Make The Best Decisions Possible
11 National Crime Information Center Encounter them in the U.S. N C I CFederal, State, Local, Tribal & Territorial Data BaseNational Crime Information CenterUnclassified systemViolent Gangs and Terrorist Organization File Data Subset (VGTOF) Now = Known Suspected Terrorist File (KST)Federal, State, Local, Tribal & Territorial accessRequires : Subjects Full Name plus one or more numerical identifiers, ie Full DOB, Social Security number, passport number etc.Encounter them in the U.S.
12 Encounter Categories Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 ALERT! - NEVER INDICATE, MENTION OR TELL THE INDIVIDUAL THEY ARE ON A TERRORIST WATCH LIST!- WHEN COMPLETING ANY DOCUMENTATION REGARDING AN ENCOUNTER, NEVER INDICATE ON ANY REPORTING DOCUMENTS THAT THE INDIVIDUAL WAS ON A TERRORIST WATCH LIST!ALWAYS CALL THE TSC!Category 1ARREST WARRANT ON FILEDETAIN AND/OR ARREST ACCORDING TO AGENCY POLICIES AND PROBABLE CAUSE -CALL THE TSCCategory 2DETAINER ON FILEDETAIN AND/OR ARREST ACCORDING TO AGENCY POLICIES AND PROBABLE CAUSE -CALL THE TSCCategory 3SUBJECT ASSOCIATED WITH TERRORISMDETAIN FOR INVESTIGATIVE PURPOSES – Do not extend detainment! -CALL THE TSC
13 NCIC Sample Message CATEGORY 3 ***LAW ENFORCEMENT SENSITIVE INFORMATION***DO NOT ADVISE THIS INDIVIDUAL THAT THEY MAY BE ON A TERRORIST WATCHLIST.CONTACT THE TERRORIST SCREENING CENTER (TSC) AT (866) DURING THIS ENCOUNTER. IF THIS WOULD EXTEND THE SCOPE OR DURATION OF THE ENCOUNTER, CONTACT THE TSC IMMEDIATELY THEREAFTER. IF YOU ARE A BORDER PATROL OFFICER IMMEDIATELY CALL THE NTC.ATTEMPT TO OBTAIN SUFFICIENT IDENTIFYING INFORMATION DURING THE ENCOUNTER, WITHOUT OTHERWISE EXTENDING THE SCOPE OR DURATION OF THE ENCOUNTER, TO ASSIST THE TSC IN DETERMINING WHETHER OR NOT THE NAME OR IDENTIFIER(S) YOU QUERIED BELONG TO AN INDIVIDUAL IDENTIFIED AS HAVING POSSIBLE TIES WITH TERRORISM.DO NOT DETAIN OR ARREST THIS INDIVIDUAL UNLESS THERE IS EVIDENCE OF A VIOLATION OF FEDERAL, STATE OR LOCAL STATUTES.UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE IS PROHIBITED.INFORMATION THAT THIS INDIVIDUAL MAY BE ON A TERRORIST WATCHLIST IS THE PROPERTY OF THE TSC AND IS A FEDERAL RECORD PROVIDED TO YOUR AGENCY ONLY FOR INTELLIGENCE AND LEAD PURPOSES. THIS RECORD, AND ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED WITHIN IT, MAY NOT BE DISCLOSED OR USED IN ANY PROCEEDING WITHOUT THE ADVANCE AUTHORIZATION OF THE TSC.MKE/POSSIBLE TERRORIST ORGANIZATION MEMBER – CAUTION ORI/DCTSC0100 NAM/INTTERR,CATEGORY THREE SEX/MRAC/U POB/AF DOB/ HGT/701 WGT/050 EYE/BRO HAI/BLK SKN/ALB GNG/INTRNTL XTMST*IFBI SGP/HANDLING CODE 3*IFBI ECR/A DOP/NONEXP OCA/FBICJISCARLILEVGTOF7 MIS/THIS IS AN FBI CJISD TEST RECORD TAKE NO ACTION BASED ON THIS RECORD FOR MIS/FURTHER INFORMATION ON THIS RECORD PLEASE CONTACT TI HARRY E CARLILE JR FBI MIS/ CJISD OR ORI IS FBI TERRORIST SCREENING CENTER NIC/T DTE/ ESTLook for this Code
14 FLOW OF INFORMATIONThe flow of information as depicted in this slide represents the TSC’s role in ensuring that the process works both up and down the information pipeline. All information gathered begins with the source agency when a KST is identified. If it is an IT subject, the source agency sends the nomination to the NCTC who vets the information and then forwards to the TSC. The TSC then vets the information and adds the KST to the Watch List if appropriate which in turn populates the VGTOF file within NCIC. NCIC is then available to criminal justice agencies for query. When a LE agency completes a subject Query in NCIC, gets a ‘hit’ against the TSDB and makes the call to the TSC to verify the hit, positive encounters are recorded and any information gathered is sent back to the source agency to be included in their case work.The TSC does not hold any intelligence or information received by any party and is truly the facilitator in the process between the beat cop and the intelligence community.The Terrorist Screening Center serves as the United States Government Clearing House for the Screening and Coordination of Encounters with Known or Appropriately Suspected Terrorists.
15 Law Enforcement Encounters: Unique NCIC HitsLaw Enforcement Encounters:Traffic stop for having objects hanging from his rearview mirrorAt Donut shop spent approximately one hour in the bathroom prayingForcibly took his daughter from a daycareAttempting to have his criminal record expungedPassenger in a stolen carSkateboarding in a park after hoursCausing a disturbance at a speechExhibiting suspicious activity at an airportArrested for urinating in public/public intoxicationReported his Land Rover stolen from his place of businessHitch-hikingDriver was observed filming a local pedestrian bridgeTurned in a lost or stolen purseFlagged down a passing officer while car was broken downPolice recognized him from a wanted posterFilming various sites in D.C.Demonstrating outside a fur storeArrested for shoplifting at a department storeIndividual who reported a burglaryPosting bail for an inmate
16 NCIC Users and Law Enforcement Dispatcher What can happen if you DON’T contact the TSC when you see the NCIC “Banner”???Lost Intelligence;A potentially important law enforcement encounter can go undetected, and officer safety could be jeopardized;The intelligence that could have been obtained from that positive law enforcement encounter will never get to the investigative agency;The Sheriff or the Chief of Police will never know that a positive law enforcement encounter was recorded in his jurisdiction, thus losing out on the potential of gaining positive intelligence that could be used by his department or agency;The State Fusion Center will not receive notification that a positive encounter has taken place in their region.
17 NCIC Users and Law Enforcement Dispatcher The TSC has identified thru NCIC audits that approximately 20% of Law Enforcement that queries NCIC and gets the “Warning Banner” does not call The TSC.Call the TSC to verify if the encounter is a positive match to the TSC Watch List. Let’s work together to reduce the non contact rate to 0%.
18 Encounter - Prior to 12/01/03 NCIC No Hit Ziad Jarrah stopped by Trooper Jones for Organization File) speeding on I-87NCIC hit VGTOF Level 3 (Violent Gang and TerroristTrooper Jones calls the Terrorist Screening Center in D.C., patched through to the Counter Terrorism DivisionFederal agents instruct Trooper Jones to gather as much intelligence as possible, ticket and releaseAddress, employment, family members, time/date and location of travel recorded for FBI case agentZiad Jarrah
19 Encounter - Post 12/01/03 NCIC TSC FBI NCTC Ziad JarrahZiad Jarrah stopped by Trooper Jones for speeding on I-87NCIC hit VGTOF Level 3 (Violent Gang and Terrorist Organization File)Trooper Jones calls the Terrorist Screening Center in D.C., patched through to the Counter Terrorism DivisionFederal agents instruct Trooper Jones to gather as much intelligence as possible, ticket and releaseAddress, employment, family members, time/date and location of travel recorded for FBI case agent
22 Success Stories The TSC ran the name and got a match to a known terroristMaryland authorities stop a person who is filming the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. Routine NCIC check advises officer to call the TSCTSC notifies TSOUTSOU discovers this person is an unindicted co- conspirator with three Hamas individuals and a material witness warrant existed for his arrest.
23 Success StoriesTaken into CustodyFingerprinted9 February 2007, <<Name>>,Stopped for DUI Aurora, CONCIC Name Check is NegativeFingerprint Reveals True Identity Match with TSDB <<Subject>>NCICMessage for <<Subject>>>Call TSCTSC:Coordinates EncounterCase Agent, DOS, NCTC, ICE, etcNotified and Records UpdatedOfficial Use Only
24 Institutionalizing TSC Protocol through the Promotion Process Immediately call the Terrorist Screening Center;Document the traffic stop on a PD-42 (preliminary report form);The police liaison commander in the operations center should have been notified and determine if the occupants were to be detained;A copy of the report shall be forwarded to the intelligence unit;Provide roll call training;Have the sergeant review the policy and counsel the sergeant for informing the encounter target that he was on the Terrorist Watch List;Advise Officer Doe he should not have informed the subject he was on the Terrorist Watch List;Document counseling of the sergeant.Officer Doe conducts a traffic stop on a sedan occupied by 2 males. His backup, Sergeant Burk arrives a couple of minutes later. The driver of the vehicle is run through NCIC and is found to be on the Terrorist Watch List as a category 3. Officer Doe asks for guidance from Sgt. Burk as to what needs to be done with this type of classification. Sgt. Burk tells him to document the stop and advise the driver of his status pertaining to the Watch List. Officer Doe documents the event as it transpired. You read the report at the end of the shift. What action(s) would you take?Test question for the rank of Lieutenant. Submitted by the Fairfax County Police Department (Virginia).
25 Today’s Take Away Message You are a 700,000+ “Force Multiplier”CALL THE TSCWhen you encounter the NCIC Banner.“Possibly save an officers life and protect our National Security”
26 Contact InformationTimothy J. Healy (FBI) Director, Terrorist Screening Center Donald Torrence (DHS) Principal Deputy Director, Terrorist Screening CenterTerence J. WyllieExternal Training and Outreach TrainingJoseph L. HazeltonExternal Training and Outreach TrainingRobert DelCoreExternal Training and Outreach Training