Usually… make less experienced staff do the following: Answer the phones Monitor for incoming email requests Process requests coming in through employee self- service Handle what they can, escalate what they cant Often called a help desk or service desk How to structure a teams work
When your customers time is much more valuable that your staffing costs. Stock broking Parliament When your team is very small. When your team is a Theory-of-Constraints bottleneck for the organisation. When is that a bad idea?
Request information (service request) Request some service (service request) Report that something has broken and needs to be fixed (incident) Needing a change in process or environment (change) What do customers call about?
Registering a new interaction ( service request )
Whos asking? Leave Service Recipient blank and it will copy from Primary Contact. Enter a name if a secretary is calling on behalf of an executive, or someone calling for a colleague. Remember: you can auto- complete this field. Leave it blank and hit Fill to search.
Type the persons whole name. Usually Surname, Firstname. Press Alt-F9 to make sure its right. Type *DAVID* and then Alt-F9 (finds all the Davids) Hit Alt-F9 on an empty field. This brings up a search screen. Reminder: ways to find contacts
Is this person a whining, annoying repeat complainer? Get a list of the customers other requests by clicking on the magic colour wand icon.
Business Service : the service you offer to the customer has a name. Email Finance HR Service and Affected CI Required: either Business Service, Affected CI or both. Determines team who will handle this problem (unless over-ridden) Configuration Item : the unique name for the thing affected. PC1024256 SAP K: drive Note: magic wand buttons (shows other active calls about this item or service)
Not everyone can call about every service. Your department doesnt use that application. You arent authorised to use that application. To be allowed to call, there must be a Subscription between the contact and the business service. A note about subscriptions
Title and Description One-line summary Full details of the nature of the problem. Search the knowledge base for solutions and information related to the description text.
Cheque yore speling To bring up the spellchecker, Hit Ctrl-Alt-C or Shift-Alt-C or press the spell checker icon: This is only active on long text fields (such as the Description and update journals).
Categories If you choose request for administration or request for information the menu bar adds Quick Close and Submit. A service desk call can get escalated to a new incident or escalated to relate to an existing incident; or you can fix it immediately. A request for a change will have to escalate into a change ticket and go through the appropriate workflow.
Just used for reporting. Get tweaked occasionally. Options depend on chosen Category Subcategory and Classification Incidents Data Desktop Hardware Network Performance Security Software Request for Administration Grant Access Password Reset Request for Information Complaint General Information How To Invalid Request Status Request for Change Emergency Normal Standard
Which subcategory and classification should I use? Make a reasonable guess. They are only used for reporting. It doesnt affect the workflow.
Impact and Urgency define Priority ImpactUrgency 1 – Enterprise1 – Critical 2 – Site/Dept2 – High 3 – Multiple Users3 – Average 4 – User4 - Low Enterprise + Critical or High = Highest priority. Site/Dept + Critical = Highest priority.... User + Low = Lowest priority High priority incidents have special handling.
Congratulations! You have completed all mandatory fields! Other common fields… Medium of request (email, chat, phone,fax) Call back method Alternate contact number Attachments (other supporting documents) Expected resolution date Closure code and Solution
(Quick Close) Provide a fulfillment code and solution And then press Finish.
(Quick Close) Done! The customer has just been emailed by Service Manager to say that this ticket has been opened and then closed. It also appears in employee self-service view.
Imagine you have been called by a customer asking for some information. Log a ticket in their name by going to Service Desk then Register New Interaction Your instructor will suggest an appropriate Service and/or Affected CI Write a title and description. Set the category to request for information. Find a suitable subcategory and classification. The impact and urgency are likely to be low. Hit quick close and supply a solution and fulfillment code. Exercise – Quick Close
Searching Tricks Smart Search Enter 10146 to find SD10146 ROB* This field begins with ROB *ROB* This field has ROB in it somewhere >SD10148 Find any ticket newer than SD10148
A search can return several results; possible output styles Style 1 Style 2
Only one match? You go straight to the record. No matches? Small matches
You want to find the ticket you just closed. Look for records closed between yesterday and today Or, look for records where you are the owner Or, look for records with that primary contact Search for all open tickets Exercise – Searching
What can I do with a ticket? If you have service level agreements, this shows the alarms that have fired. E.g. 50% of allowed time has been used.
What can I do with a ticket? They dont need it any more.
Imagine you have been called by a customer asking for some information that requires some research. Log a ticket in their name. Instead of Quick Close, use Submit. Find the ticket in your to-do queue. Double-click on it. Send yourself a reminder to work on it in a few minutes time. Use a Pop-up or Email. Exercise – More actions
RegisteredCategorizedAssignedFulfilledClosed Ticket Lifecycle (Request for Information or Incident) Abandoned Customer Not Satisfied Request for administration adds a status Waiting for Approval. Request for change has no Categorized or Fulfilled status.
StatusMeaning RegisteredRecorded, written down CategorisedSubcategory and classification have been filled in. AssignedGiven to a group and/or a person to work on. FulfilledWe think were done; waiting on the customer to say so ClosedThe customer thinks were done too Normal Status…
Moving to the next status The only status after Registered is Categorized.
Updating the status like this lets the customer know that a ticket is being worked on. (Quick Close is no longer available.) Some Service Level Objectives are based around the length of time a ticket spends in each state. Why should I bother?
Some organisations simplify ticket workflow further. Some dont bother updating the status. Some just use one kind of ticket (everything is an interaction, or everything is an incident). Some remove or add other fields Feel free to sleep for the next few slides But everyone keeps Assignee … and Assignment Group … and Activity Logs Im not persuaded
… And on to the Assigned status Notice that the Assignment Group and Assignee Name are mandatory now (Red asterisk.)
How to fob off your work onto someone else Change the assignee to someone else in your team ( They are the expert at this sort of thing.) Change the assignment group ( This kind of request is handled by another team ). Leave the assignee field blank unless you know who to assign it to.
How do I get a list of possible assignees? Clear the Assignee field, and then hit the fill button.
The most annoying error message when you are trying to save a ticket... A journal update is required for almost every change you make to a ticket. Answer the question: why did you do this?
Journal Updates (History and Audit Log) What kind of update? Appears in employee self- service portal? Say what you just did. History of this ticket.
Find the ticket you created previously. Update the status to Categorized and hit Save. Update the status to Assigned and hit Save. You will receive an error about needing an update. Assign the ticket to your colleague by clearing out the Assignee field and hitting Alt-F9. If your colleague works in a different team, update the Assignment Group field as well. Write a suitable update and hit the Save button. Confirm that the ticket now appears in their To-Do list. (They might need to refresh the To-Do list.) Exercise – Assignment
Fulfillment Code and Solution Note: collapsed the section called Interaction Details; expanded the section called Resolution.
After fulfillment, there are two possibilities: Ticket closure = Close Interaction = Completed Customer Not Satisfied Usually you wait a few days after fulfillment before closing. Some organisations have policies on this. Some organisations do this automatically. Now what?
Closed at last! Note: read-only. History still visible. The customer receives an email to say that this ticket has been closed.
Find a ticket which is assigned to you. Move it to the fulfilled status. Remember to hit Save and put in a suitable journal entry. You will need to fill in a resolution Close the ticket. Exercise – Closure
When no-one seems to care about the ticket being finished any more. Default reasons: Not Reproducible No Fault Found Unable to Solve Withdrawn by User No User response Only a few roles have the right to declare a ticket Abandoned. Default: BP 2 nd Line SRF Analyst can make Assigned, Fulfilled or Customer Not Satisfied Abandon
Customer receives an email when a ticket is marked Abandoned. Three more days of no response and the ticket is auto-closed. Except where: Your site has decided on a different schedule Your site has decided to auto-close from other states The ticket has Exclude AutoClose ticked. Auto-close
You can add attachments (e.g. a screenshot, a form) Hit the Add File button in the Attachments section. You can save a lot of typing by creating templates for common queries Theres a free text search tab You can save a search as a view and it appears under Favorites and Dashboards Other stuff you probably dont want to stay awake for
This document was developed and placed in the Creative Commons by Greg Baker from the Institute for Open Systems Technologies Pty Ltd. There are more in this series, covering Incident Management, Change and other topics at http://www.ifost.org.au/Training/ServiceManager/ http://www.ifost.org.au/Training/ServiceManager/ Many customers request these course materials be customised to suit their environment. Many also ask IFOST to deliver face-to-face or web-based training sessions based around these materials. Please contact Greg Baker (firstname.lastname@example.org) if you would like to discuss email@example.com We are always interested to hear your feedback. What now?