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Web Services Bruce Armstrong TeamSybase

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Presentation on theme: "Web Services Bruce Armstrong TeamSybase"— Presentation transcript:

1 Web Services Bruce Armstrong TeamSybase

2 Agenda • Introduction to Web Services • Creating .NET Web Services
• Consuming Web Services • Web Service DataWindow • Q & A

3 Introduction to Web Services

4 Introduction to Web Services
Facilitate communication between systems Different platforms Different programming languages Through firewalls easily Self descriptive API Self descriptive data

5 What are Web Services? A collection of operations that can be described, published, located, and accessed over a network using standardized XML messaging Proposed to World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in Mar 2001 Web Services utilize XML making them both platform and language independent XML gives us a mechanism for making cross-platform and/or cross-language communications

6 Web Service Components
The primary components that make up Web Services are: WSDL – Web Services Description Language Used to describe Web services SOAP – Simple Object Access Protocol Used for sending and receiving messages from Web services

7 Describing Web Services
Why does a Web service need to be described? Web services could be used by anyone, anywhere, using any language on any platform A description allows a developer to know how to interact with a Web service PowerBuilder provides tools to read and integrate WSDL Web services are described using Web Services Description Language (WSDL) WSDL is written in XML Usually a developer of a Web Service does not have to manually write WSDL PowerBuilder 11 creates the ASMX, DISCO and WSDL

8 CREATING .NET Web Services

9 PowerBuilder/.Net Web Services
PowerBuilder gives you the choice of outputting PowerScript code as an Assembly Web Service The only difference PowerBuilder Web Service creation now versus back in Version 9.0 of PowerBuilder is EAServer is no longer a requirement These Web Services are deployed to your Microsoft IIS Web Server

10 .Net Web Service Target

11 Web Service Virtual Directory
The wizard is virtually the same as for .NET assemblies, etc. You must specify a virtual directory name for your Web Service however because it will live on IIS

12 .Net Web Service Wizard Output
PBL, Application Object, Project, NVO

13 NVOs – Code as you normally would

14 Web Service Project Wizard elections may always be changed in the Project:

15 Web Service Deployment Options
Directly to IIS or create an MSI install File

16 Web Service Specifics You must select which methods you want to expose
You can view WSDL and test your Web Service

17 Viewing WSDL Must deploy your .NET Web Service target first
Project View WSDL button OR In a browser

18 WSDL Example

19 More WSDL – Message, Operation, Service, Port

20 IIS Directory – What is here?

21 Web Service Virtual Root Directory

22 Global.asax file A source file where developers can add application level logic into their Web applications Application events such as Application_Start, Application_End, Session_Start, Session_End live here Located at the root of a particular Web application's virtual directory tree Automatically parsed and compiled into a dynamic .NET Framework class The first time any resource or URL within the application namespace is activated or requested

23 Global.asax file Configured to automatically reject any direct URL request so that external users cannot download or view the code within Application Codebehind="Global.asax.cs" Inherits="PBWebApp.Global" %>

24 DISCO Files DISCO is a Microsoft technology for publishing and discovering Web Services DISCO files make it possible to discover the Web Services exposed on a given server DISCO files make it possible to discover the capabilities of each Web Service (via documentation) and how to interact with it DISCO files live in the Web Application’s virtual root <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <discovery xmlns:xsi="" xmlns:xsd="" xmlns=""> <contractRef ref="http://localhost/webservice/n_webservice.asmx?wsdl" docRef="http://localhost/webservice/n_webservice.asmx" xmlns="" /> </discovery>

25 ASPX files ASP.NET provides support for Web Services with the.asmx file (a wrapper to your Web Service) Similar to an .aspx files we talked about with PowerBuilder/WebForm applications From a browser, enter the following: OR use the following that was generated on deployment of the Web Service: C:\Inetpub\wwwroot\virtdirname\TestWebService.htm OR in the deployment project click the Run Web Service button

26 List of Web Service Operations
The ASMX file lists your Web Service methods Clicking a link takes you to a test “harness” for that method

27 Testing the Web Service

28 Test Results

29 Why Did We Do This? Interoperability
You now have a Web Service ready to be accessed from: Java C# VB (VB.NET) PowerBuilder

30 Sample: Calling PB Web Service from C#

31 CONSUMING Web Services

32 Accessing Web Services
Once you have the details and have built your web service consumer application, how do you call that web service’s methods? Create a Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) message PowerBuilder provides two options capable of reading and writing SOAP messages “Legacy” EasySoap PBNI extension “New” .NET Engine

33 SOAP An XML-based communications protocol
“Everything is XML” Industry standard for cross-platform distributed messaging Defined by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

34 Web Service Consumption
Consuming a Web Service from a PowerBuilder client is very similar to using a PowerBuilder/EAServer component A proxy is needed, but Web Services require a Web Service proxy, not an EAServer proxy A connection is needed, but Web Services require a Soap Connection The Web Service is similar to an NVO/Component in that it is a container of methods which could be called via SOAP messages Continued …

35 Web Service Consumption
Invoking Web services through SOAP requires: Serialization and deserialization of data types The building and parsing of XML-based SOAP messages A PowerBuilder Web Service client proxy performs these tasks for you eliminating the need to have extensive knowledge of : The SOAP specification and schema The XML Schema specification The WSDL specification and schema

36 .Net Web Service Engine Flow
Prerequisite: .NET 2.0 Framework SDK MUST be installed on development machine. .NET 2.0 Framework (Runtime) MUST be installed on both development and deployment machine.

37 Web Service Proxy Wizard

38 Choose the Web Service Engine

39 Specify WSDL

40 Select a Service From WSDL

41 Define Prefix for Proxy (Optional)

42 Specify Project Name and Library

43 Specify PBL for generated proxy
It is a standard practice to store your proxies in a separate PBL in your library list

44 Proxy Project Upon completion of the WSPW, the new project is visible in the System Tree, and the project will be open in the painter Next, deploy the project

45 Use Proxy Servers? If your company uses a Proxy Server to bridge between you and the Firewall, visit the Tools  System Options dialog Input the name of your Proxy Server, port, your user id and password to that proxy server This is for design-time Internet connections only

46 The Web Service Proxy System Tree (expanded), following the deploy of the proxy project The function(s) available from the Web Service will be visible under the proxy Be sure you understand that the proxy project is separate from the actual proxy object

47 Use of Aliases in Proxy PowerBuilder is not case sensitive
XML (SOAP) and .NET are case sensitive To get around that difference, each method in the proxy uses an alias The string that follows “alias for” contains the case-sensitive name and the signature of the corresponding XML or SOAP method

48 Exported Web Service Proxy
Note the “alias for” clauses in the function or subroutine declarations

49 .Net Web Service Engine – Files Created from Proxy

50 Web Service Runtime Engines
EasySoap Engine – pbsoapclient110.pbd/pbx This engine is backward compatible with the PB9/PB10 Web Service engine It can work on machines that don’t have the .NET framework .NET Engine – pbwsclient110.pbd/pbx This is new .NET SOAP engine Both of the above define two classes: SoapConnection SoapException

51 What Was that PBX Reference?
An extension to PowerBuilder functionality created using the PowerBuilder Native Interface (PBNI) Before 10.5, a PBNI extension (*.pbx or *.dll) developer had to: Use the pbx2pbd utility to create a PBD file from an extension Be sure to put the extension file (PBX) in the application's search path and add the PBD file to the target's library list Now there are fewer steps: Import the *.pbx directly into your *.pbl’s using the System Tree Must still deploy the extension in the application’s path

52 Importing PowerBuilder Extensions
Prior to PB 10.5, to gain a SoapConnection, you added pbsoapnnn.pbd to your library list Pbsoapnnn.pbd was a PBNI extension for EasySoap Now you can import the *.pbx directly to a PBL To do so, right-click over a PBL

53 Choosing the Appropriate Extension File
PbwsclientNNN.pbx is the extension for the .NET Web Service engine PbsoapclientNNN.pbx is the extension for EasySoap

54 Important Points About These Imports
Using pbwsclient110.pbx requires the .NET 2.0 Framework on design-time and runtime machines Both extension files contain the same objects, and you use these objects and their methods in similar ways The Sybase\Shared\PowerBuilder directory contains PBD versions of the extension files that may still be used instead of importing the extensions (add PBDs to library list instead) When you create a Web service client application, you must deploy the extension file that you use along with the client executable to a directory in the application's search path The Runtime Packager tool automatically includes the extension files required by your Web service applications

55 PowerBuilder Runtime Packager
Will help to ensure PBNI extensions are deployed to your end users:

56 Result of PBX Import Following the import of the .NET extension, you will see two new objects in the System Tree: soapconnection soapexception Notice the createinstance method in soapconnection Just like an EAServer proxy

57 Connection Code After importing the SoapConnection object, you are ready to write code to communicate with the Web Service Begin by instantiating the soapconnection object:

58 SoapConnection Methods
New methods were added to SoapConnection in PowerBuilder 10.5 Prior to 10.5, most connection options were passed in as arguments to the SetOptions( ) method of SoapConnection Now, there are individual methods you may call For EasySoap use: SetSoapLogFile( ) SetTimeout( ) UseConnectionCache( )

59 Securing Web Services Securing Web Services has been secondary from the beginning of the specification However, you have seen some security measures are in place The ability to secure a Web Service: Basic authentication (user id and password) Use of digital certificates You may also secure a Web Service through the use of SOAP Headers This section will show you how to use SOAP Header authentication

60 Making the Web Service Call
Declare a reference variable of type Web Service proxy Create an instance of the Web Service proxy

61 Sample SOAP Message Use of SOAP Headers is optional
Here, I am calling a Web Service method named GetEmployees

62 Note about SOAP Headers
Be aware that authenticating callers by encoding plaintext user names and passwords in SOAP Headers is not secure To secure SOAP Header information you could: Encrypt SOAP messages by writing a SOAP extension that unencrypts requests and encrypts responses Use SSL / HTTPS to publish the Web Service

63 Web Service DATAWINDOWS

64 Web Service as a DataWindow Data Source
In PowerBuilder 11, you can use a Web Service as the data source for DataWindow objects Supports a disconnected client model Eliminates requirement that database vendor’s client software reside on end-user machine Web Service ‘result set’ support

65 Web Service DataWindows
Are an extension of the Web Services support that has been in PowerBuilder since Version 9.0 Uses the .NET Web Service engine Creates a .NET assembly to do the work behind the scenes Web Service DataWindows are modeled on the way the Stored Procedure DataWindow works Two components: Design-time component that allows you to browse, select a Web Service, then a specific method Run-time component that Retrieves data and maps to DataWindow columns Updates data mapping columns to Web Service method inputs

66 Restrictions on Web Service Methods
The return of the Web Service method must be: Simple types such as Integer, String, DateTime DWO will have a single column/row Array of simple types DWO will nave n rows of a single column depending on the size of the array Structure of simple types DWO will have 1 row with n columns depending on the number of variables in the structure Array of structure DWO will have n rows, n columns Some Web Service methods will not work with the DataWindow

67 Other Web Service DataWindow Notes
Web Service DataWindows will allow Retrieval Arguments If the Web Service method has input parameters Query Mode will not be supported The Web Service method metadata is used to create the actual DataWindow object You will call dw_1.Retrieve( ) just as you do today

68 Supported Presentation Styles
Presentation Styles supported: RichText and OLE are not supported

69 Selecting a WSDL File First, select a WSDL file describing the Web Service Enter the URL to a WSDL, ASMX, or XML file, or browse a mapped drive for a WSDL file The file selected should be in a publicly accessible location for all members of the development team Continued …

70 Provide a .Net Assembly Name
The Assembly File serves as an interface between the DataWindow and the Web Service Name the Assembly File If you do not name the Assembly file, the wizard will select a name based on the name of the WSDL file entry Continued …

71 Select Web Service / Web Service Method
Next, you must select a service described in the WSDL and then one of its public methods

72 Select the Web Service Method Output
Select which of the methods arguments or its return value to use as the result set Continued …

73 Finished Web Service DataWindow
After completing the wizard the DataWindow is displayed

74 Interaction with the Web Service
PowerBuilder automatically generates a .NET assembly (dll) used to interact with the Web Service at runtime The generated .NET dll must be copied along with the application executable and required PowerBuilder runtime DLLs for Web Service applications

75 New WS Connection Object
Some Web services support or require a user ID and password, and other session-related properties The wsconnection can provide this information:

76 Sample WSConnection Code

77 Updates on WS DataWindows
There are no transaction standards provided with Web Services Web Services are inherently stateless Call a method, get a response, finished Given the above limitations, if updating data via a Web Service DataWindow, you will use the “Trust” methodology Basically, you are throwing the data “over the fence” to the Web Service and trusting he will do the right thing For example, if you have a DataWindow doing an insert, update and delete, and the call to the Web Service method for the delete fails, the Web Service DataWindow doesn’t retain knowledge of the other two operations

78 Defining Update Properties
As mentioned before, the Web Service DataWindow was modeled from the Stored Procedure DataWindow The DataWindows Rows menu item now has a new item for Web Services Updates… Instead of mapping the DataWindow to a particular Stored Procedure, you will map the DataWindow (columns) to a particular Web Service method input parameter(s)

79 Web Service DataWindow Updates
Similar to Stored Procedure update options

80 Web Service Error Handling
New WSError event is analogous to the existing DataWindow DbError event when using a Web Service data source

81 Web Services Tracing You can also perform limited tracing of the Web Service DataWindow Do so by adding a key-value pair to PB.INI [DataWindow] section debug_ws_metadata = 1

82 Questions

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